|dc.description.abstract||Before 1941, Yan’an had been prevailing culture of freedom,equality and fraternity. However, as the relationship between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party strained, the spirit of equality that differed from the atmosphere of the District ruled by Kuomintang also changed. After Mao Zedong made a major victory for Wang Ming at the Politburo meeting in September 1941, he began to carry out an ideological transformation of the whole party - ＂Rectification Movement.＂ On March 31, 1942, Mao Zedong spoke at the forum of the revision of the Liberation Daily. He used the anonymous way to criticize Wang Shiwei′s ＂Wild Lily＂ and Wang Shiwei′s article in the ＂Arrow and target＂ poster, Yan’an held on May 27. The symposium of the Academia Sinica gradually’s theme became a criticize and struggle Wang. Wang Shiwei was accused of being ＂the follower of Trotskyism＂ and was monitored until he was arrested and executed by Kang Sheng in 1943. He lived for five years in prison.
This rectification was a campaign initiated by Mao Zedong for the international group to reinforce the Soviet Union. However, the literary artists did not realize Mao Zedong′s deepest thoughts and expressed their dissatisfaction with the social changes in Yan′an, thus triggering the ＂Wang Shiwei incident.＂ Until 1991, he officially rehabilitated Wang Shiwei’s ＂anti-revolutionary and follower of Trotskyism＂ ＂Wang Shiwei incident＂ had been finally end. As the first literary artist to be criticized by the rectification movement, Wang Shiwei not only became the target of Yan′an Rectification, but also the beginning of the CCP′s direct control of literary thought. From then on, the literary art began to be simplistic.||en_US|