|dc.description.abstract||The designation of Daxi District, Taoyuan City as a major Hakka cultural area in 2017 highlighted the context of Hakka culture in the development of Daxi District. Among all communites in Daxi District, Nanxing community features the richest atmosphere of Hakka culture. During the population migration in Taiwan, Nanxing community, widely considered a Hakka community, has attracted immigrants of different ethnicities and become a community of diverse races. Until the 1980s, Nanxing community was a community comprising primarily Hakka and Minnan people; following a shift in the economic structure of Taiwan, indigenous people from indigenous communities in Hualien and Taitung areas have moved into Nanxing community. These urban indigenous people have started their lives in Nanxing community and formed two distinct small groups in the community. Various cross-ethnicity interactions have been observed between these urban indigenous immigrants and local Hakka residents in different time periods.
This study aimed to discuss how the cross-ethnicity interactions in Nanxing community changed through time and conducted interviews to explore the cross-ethnicity relationships at different stages. The community resident engagement and interaction were explored to analyze the formation and accumulation of networks, reciprocity, and trust in social capital, through which to depict the social capital in Nanxing community. According to the research results, the urban indigenous people moved to Nanxing community because of financial reasons and the ethnic network. The urban indigenous–Hakka interaction changed as the people come in contact with each other more frequently. The Chief of Village served as a crucial network node in the interaction and—under the framework of public affairs in the community—provided structural opportunities for the urban indigenous people to participate in the community organization. The social capital in Nanxing community was accumulated in the reciprocal exchanges of trust, culture, and emotions between urban indigenous and Hakka people.||en_US|