### 博碩士論文 87322057 完整後設資料紀錄

 DC 欄位 值 語言 DC.contributor 土木工程學系 zh_TW DC.creator 許銘峰 zh_TW DC.creator Ming-Feng Hsu en_US dc.date.accessioned 2000-7-18T07:39:07Z dc.date.available 2000-7-18T07:39:07Z dc.date.issued 2000 dc.identifier.uri http://ir.lib.ncu.edu.tw:88/thesis/view_etd.asp?URN=87322057 dc.contributor.department 土木工程學系 zh_TW DC.description 國立中央大學 zh_TW DC.description National Central University en_US dc.description.abstract 本研究屬近景測量，可分為兩部份，第一為C.C.D內、外方位參數計算，做法為使用經緯儀量測控制點之方向角、天頂距，使用三角測量之前方交會得其三維座標，再利用空間後方交會法求得C.C.D內、外方位參數值；第二為進行離心模擬隧道開挖所導致地表沉陷量之量測，利用越南硯砂，製作相對密度36%、單位重1.4554g/cm3之試體，使用二支黑白C.C.D負責影像擷取，最後量測影像座標點，進行相對方位與空間前方交會計算，最後使用stanford graphics繪得地表沉陷三維座標沉陷圖。 由研究結果顯示，攝影測量之技術可得地表沉陷之三維變形，繪得地表沉陷槽曲面，在支撐氣壓於0.66Kg/cm2降至0.26Kg/cm2時， 地表有膨脹之現象，原因可能是顆粒間相互推擠導致標的點被往上抬起，產生膨脹情形。 zh_TW dc.description.abstract In this study, it that close range photommetric divide two parts. First, the inner orientation and exterior orientation parameters calculated of C.C.D. Method were used total station theodolite measured direction angle and zenith distance and make fore intersection method to get control point’s 3D coordinate, then used space resection to obtain C.C.D inner orientation and exterior orientation parameters. Second, centrifuge acceleration simulated tunnel dig to lead to ground settlement measure. Sample is vietnam yam sand, relative density were 35.6%, unit weight were 1.4554g/cm3. Two black and white C.C.D to gain image then paint ship pro to estimate image coordinate and to carry relative orientation, space resection compute. Last to make stanford graphics drawing ground settlement 3D coordinate map. In this study results, photommetric can got ground settlement 3D deformation and drawing ground settlement flume curvature plane. When bolster up air pressure from 0.66Kg/cm2 down to 0.260.66Kg/cm2, ground have expand phenomenon. It is possible grains each other squeeze result to mark rise and produce expand phenomenon en_US DC.subject 近景攝影測量 zh_TW DC.subject 離心模擬隧道 zh_TW DC.subject 膨脹 zh_TW DC.subject 前方交會 zh_TW DC.subject 空間前方交會 zh_TW DC.subject 空間後方交會 zh_TW DC.subject 相對方位 zh_TW DC.subject close rang photommetric en_US DC.subject centrifuge acceleration similating tunnel en_US DC.subject expansion en_US DC.subject fore intersection method en_US DC.subject space intersection en_US DC.subject space resection en_US DC.subject relative orientation en_US DC.title 攝影測量在離心模擬試驗之應用-以離心隧道模型之地表沉陷量量測為例 zh_TW dc.language.iso zh-TW zh-TW DC.type 博碩士論文 zh_TW DC.type thesis en_US DC.publisher National Central University en_US