|dc.description.abstract||Previous studies about Guo Xiang’’s Commentary on the Zhuangzi were very enormous, and different explanations has been proposed in these researches. In this study, we analyzed Guo Xiang’’s Commentary on the Zhuangzi from three approaches as follows.
Firstly, we illustrated and discussed contemporary studies about Guo Xiang’’s Commentary on the Zhuangzi, and considered that the theories of Profs. Tang Jun-yi and Mou Tsung-san were appropriate to interpret Guo Xiang’’s Commentary on the Zhuangzi. The main point was that the Guo Xiang’’s thought was not the explanation for empirical objects, but the presentation on the state of self-cultivation.
Secondly, we proposed the method and the framework of Guo Xiang’’s Commentary that were characterized as dissolving antagonisms of concepts and opinions. Guo Xiang dissolved antagonisms through the self-cultivation of ＂No Mind＂. The self-cultivation of ＂No Mind＂ eliminated our pretenses, disputes, biases and selfish motives, and made our hearts and minds natural and pure. It should be noted that what Guo Xiang dissolved was the persistence of antagonisms, and he erased neither concepts and opinions nor empirical objects and the empirical world. On the contrary, it was perfect that we identified the state of self-cultivation with the empirical world.
Thirdly, we found that the characteristics of Guo Xiang’’s Commentary on the Zhuangzi can be performed by three aspects, philosophy of life -- the theory of ＂External and internal harmony＂ , politics -- the theory of ＂Ethical Standard＂ , and metaphysics -- the theory on ＂Self Creation＂. On the philosophy of life, we discussed the cause of distresses in our life, the method of self-cultivation, the presentation on the state of self-cultivation, and concepts of knowing / innocence, natural gifts, ＂No Mind＂, self-realization / self-ease, and ＂Absolute Freedom ＂. On politics, the main discussion was concepts of ＂Wuwei＂. On metaphysics, we discussed concepts of ＂You ＂, ＂Wu＂, ＂Tao＂, ＂Self Creation＂, ＂Hsuan-ming ＂.
Finally, some discussion and recommendations were proposed in this study.