|dc.description.abstract||Hsinchu City has been the political and economical center of northern Taiwan since the era of Qing occupation, but following the end of World War II, the rise of the Taipei metropolitan area and the decline of secondary industries, commercial activity in the city fell to a historic low. It was only until Hsinchu was elevated into a provincial city and the Hsinchu Science Park was established that commercial activity was revived, and now the growth rate of business indicators in all sectors is above national median. The purpose of this research is to examine commercial development in post-war Hsinchu so as to understand the degree of influence policy factors have on the commercial development of a district
This paper is divided into three sections. Chapter 1 is a discussion of the nature and position of commercial activity in Hsinchu City prior to World War II; Chapter 2 is an examination of the situation and reasons for the decline of commercial activity after the war and before Hsinchu was elevated into a provincial city; Chapter 3 is an analysis of the relationship between commercial activity after the elevation into a provincial city and the establishment of the Hsinchu Science Park. Time periods in this study were delineated according to administrative transitions in order to clarify the influence policy factors have on the strengthening of commercial positions and the commercial relationship between Hsinchu City and neighboring township or village living parameters. Shifts in commercial activity within Hsinchu City were examined according to the categories of population growth, store numbers, commercial varieties, business scale, and business distribution.
This study found that the phase during which commercial development in Hsinchu City grew exponentially was after the 1980s, mostly in response to increases in consumer population and capabilities following the establishment of the Hsinchu Science Park, resulting in more rapid commercial development than before, and a dense distribution of department stores and megastores. However, limitations in economic hinterland and geographical location has caused commercial development growth to be behind that of neighboring large cities such as Taoyuan and Taichung, resulting in consumer outflow for Hsinchu City, the outcome of which is that commercial activity in Hsinchu City has been limited to the scale of sub-urban centers.