|dc.description.abstract||The Tongcheng School had been one of the most important literature schools in Chinese literature history. During the 1900s, while the traditional and the new schools were integrating, the Tongchen School needed to examine its theories in this reform era. In the book “Literature Methodology”, Yao Yongpu discussed the formation, structure, styles, literature changes, and authors’ cultivation. It was the only book which discussed the Tongcheng School literatures. The book reflected the changes and adjustments that Tongcheng School authors made in response to the reform era. Most of the researches foucused mainly on the early and middle periods of Tongcheng School literatures, but little had been discussed about the recent periods’ theoretical integration. The purpose of this paper is to research Yao Yongpu’s literature theories, in order to show its timely importance.
This paper tried to analyze Yao Yongpu writings from four different aspects: authors, methodology, styles, and functional aspects. In the author’s aspect, the paper discussed Yao Yongpu’s characters as an author and his cultivation. In the methodology aspect, the paper discussed Yao Yongpu’s inner resources and formation styles in his writings. Styles aspect examined Yao’s composition styles and his linguistic characters. In chapter five, the paper focused on the literature nature of Yao’s writings, discussed his literary views which stressed the functional aspect. The paper also tried to differentiate the practical and theory aspects in Yao’s writings; and furthermore did some in-depth discussion of the literary values of Yao’s works.
Yao Yongpu’s “Literature Methodology” is a complete book on writing-guidance. It not only systematically restored the Tongcheng School’s theories, but also strengthened it. The book connected the classical literature and teaching theories. It showed a way for beginners in learning classical Chinese. The book showed Yao’s intention to refine Tongcheng School’s literature attribution. It also constructed a timely literary theory. Yao’s work truly investigated and expanded the Tongcheng School’s literature work.