|dc.description.abstract||The development of Chinese modern military industry started from the late Qing-Dynasty. Initially the local Bishop’s House determined to found weapon plant Bureau of its own. The Qing government did not carry out active and effective integrated management. Therefore local Bishop’s House had its own ways of running weapon plant Bureau and lacked the overall planning. After the Republic of China was established, the Northern Government set up Ordnance Division and the supervision of the factory offices, and attempted to integrate national ordnance affairs by the central government jurisdiction way. The Northern Government was eventually fail to achieve this goal because of the few numbers of Crown arsenal, the poorly positioned in organizational level, economic difficulties, the national unrest and other factors. Combined the Northern Government and their own experiences, the National government established an ordnance in November 1928, as central administrative authorities of ordnance production. Through out the continuous restructuring, the considerable changes on the organization and functions occurred; and the ordnance fit in line with national government prepare for war needs more as well.
Under the Ordnance Department, the main units are various arsenal, armory, Ordnance Commission and Ordnance School. With the current situation deduction, the Ordnance Department gradually strengthen the plant’s jurisdiction. After merged into the Ordnance Secretary in 1935, it also began to govern their armory. Ordnance Research Council and the Ordnance School were the units of recruiting the new members and fostering them into the specialists. Ordnance Research Council and the Ordnance School played very important roles on ordnance personnel selecting and building up the professional image.
The Ordnance Department valued the members of technical staff, and thus a special personnel management practice was formed. Each served as the director of Ordnance Department played a different role on leadership and management, and affect the personnel management during his term of office as the director at the same time. As for factory director, guard and armory staff, foreign consultants and workers, the various phenomena of ordnance production could be explored from the point of view of the personnel management as well.
This study discusses The Ordnance Department from the organization and personnel aspects. Understanding the formation process of the Nationalist government overall defense concept from 1928 to 1937, through the different periods of evolution.||en_US|