|dc.description.abstract||Harold R. Isaacs (2004) pointed that ethnic identity is a collective identity, shaping from ＂internal＂ source of common cultural heritage which they have a common language, history and culture；and ＂external＂ of interaction performance. Linda Basch (1994) also pointed that theory of transnationalism is built on the point of view of the global world-system theory, that ＂transnational＂ is a process by immigrants to establish and maintain multi-social relationships, link to their homeland and settle community.
Taiwan government policy is to promote the cultural development of Taiwan Hakka culture, building a new Taiwan Hakka cultural identity. Taiwan Hakka Affairs Commission hold on the Oversea Hakka policy of the development of Hakka culture, to promote Taiwan Hakka to a center of World Hakka cultural center. Taiwan Hakka Association in Thailand have established close contacts with Taiwan Hakka Affairs Commission, also have taken Taiwan Hakka culture and imagination of Hakka identity to Thailand, this is affecting the ＂Thailand Hakka＂ structure.
This study will focus on the experience of Taiwan Hakka Association in Thailand, to explore the transnations identity and cultural construction of Taiwan Hakka Association in Thailand. The research purposes default：First, How is the established of Taiwan Hakka Association in Thailand, and the interaction with other organizations, including local Hakka people in Thailand, the government of Thailand, the government of China and the government of Taiwan？Second, How is the interaction between Taiwan Hakka culture and local Hakka people of Thailand to form Taiwan Hakka cross-culture and identity? How to apply the administrative committee of the Hakka cultural policies to promote the development of Hakka culture in Thailand? Third, How is the cross-cultural activity of Taiwan Hakka Association in Thailand to impact the Hakka community in Thailand? Is Hakka identity rising? Whether to increase the knowledge of Hakka culture?
In this study used a mixed research methods of the qualitative research and quantitative research, the research methods set of four steps：literature analysis, participant observation, interviews and questionnaires. The study found that the constructions of Taiwan Hakka ethnic are two factors: First, cross-culture of Taiwan Hakka in Thailand is according to Taiwan Hakka Affairs Commission to promote the development of Taiwan Hakka culture. Second, The identity of Taiwan Hakka in Thailand, this is the impact of adaption and adjustment from the interactive with local Hakka people of Thailand. This is showing that Taiwan Hakka Association in Thailand is an important cultural bridge role for both Thailand and Taiwan. The identity of Taiwan Hakka in Thailand, this can be found that Taiwan Hakka have dual identity: on one hand, they emphasized on the Hakka ethnic identity; the other hand, they also stressed on Taiwan national identity. The local Hakka in Thailand have impacted from the new cross-cultural of Taiwan Hakka, they also began to promote Hakka culture and heritage.