|dc.description.abstract||The liquid-solid phase transfer catalyzed acetate substitution of allyl chloride to synthesize allyl acetate and the liquid-liquid phase transfer hydrolysis of allyl acetate to synthesizes allyl alcohol were studied. The physical and chemical processes were considered to derive the overall production rate equation of allyl acetate. The factors affecting the production rate of allyl acetate can be inspected with the overall rate equation. They are amounts and structures of phase transfer catalyst, stirring speed and reaction temperature. And the experimental results of the influences of the factors on the production rate of allyl acetate can be explained with the overall rate equation.
A set of suitable conditions for producing allyl acetate using three-necked bottle under atmospheric pressure is allyl chloride 0.5 mole, sodium acetate 0.55 mole, allyl acetate 0.5 mole, tetra-n-butyl ammonium iodide 0.025 mole, stirring speed 500 rpm, reaction program as initial temperature 70 ℃, then increasing rate 5 ℃/ 30 min and final temperature 80 ℃ . Under this set of condition, 99 % yield can be achieved within the reaction time of 4 hours. Another set of suitable conditions without solvent for producing allyl acetate using Parr 4564M reactor is stirring speed 500 rpm, allyl chloride 0.5 mole, sodium acetate 0.55 mole, tetra-n-butyl ammonium iodide 0.0025 mole, reaction temperature 80 ℃. Under this set of condition, 99 % yield can be achieved at the reaction time of 4 hours.
As for the liquid-liquid phase transfer catalyzed hydrolysis of allyl acetate to synthesize allyl alcohol. A set of the suitable conditions is allyl acetate 0.3 mole, sodium hydroxide 0.3 mole, water 1.8 mole, reaction temperature 30 ℃, stirring speed 500 rpm. Under this set of condition, reaction 40 minutes yield rate achieve 99 %.