|dc.description.abstract||The aim of the research is to study the role of an impartial media, the Ta Kung Pao, in the first stage of the Chinese Civil War (December, 1945- January, 1947). This is also the time of George C. Marshall’s mediation in China. In this stage, the standpoint of the Ta Kung Pao varied three times. In the first period, from December 1945 to March 1946, the Ta Kung Pao supported the Nationalist Government and its leader Chiang Kai-shek while criticizing the Chinese Communist Party for launched wars and destroyed transportation lines. The Ta Kung Pao had a favorable attitude toward Marshall’s mediation. The second period was from April 1946 to June 1946. Although the Ta Kung Pao kept blaming the Chinese Communists, it wasn’t satisfied with the military operations of the Nationalist Government. In the last period (July 1946 – January 1947), the Ta Kung Pao criticized the administration of the Government and lost its confidence on the USA as well. As for the attitude toward the Soviet Union, the Ta Kung Pao also varied. At the beginning of this period, it gave its support to the Soviet Union and the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance. However, when the Yalta Agreement was released in February 1947, the Ta Kung Pao had a completely different attitude toward the Soviet Union and attacked Soviet Union for its ambition of expansion in China. However, due to the growing confrontation between the USA and the Soviet Union, the Ta Kung Pao, probably being afraid of getting involved in the international conflict, kept a rather mild attitude toward the Soviet Union. The Ta Kung Pao played a crucial role in this period. The side which was supported by the Ta Kung Pao would definitely enjoy a good advantage in public minds. In late 1946, the disappointment of the Ta Kung Pao toward the Nationalist Government and the USA indirectly strengthened the Chinese Communists to launch the civil war.