|dc.description.abstract||Wang Jiaxiang was sent to Moscow in 1925 by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP ) for further study. In the factional strife on campus, Wang choose to support the branch of the Communist Youth League controlled by Wang Ming, which became the dogmatic faction with Wang Ming at the core. Wang Jiaxiang was classified as one of the Twenty-eight and a half Bolsheviks. After returning to China in 1930, with the support of Pavel Mife, Wang Jiaxiang along with Wang Ming, Qin Bangxian and Ho Zihsu actively carried out Anti-Li Lisan Line , in order to enter the central leading organization of CCP without a hitch. In 1931, the temporary Central Government of Chinese Soviet Republic was established. Wang Jiaxiang held the posts of both the Revolutionary Military Council and the director of the General Political Department. Due to the need of military commands, he was in close contact with Mao Zedong and turned to support Mao who had abundant battle experience. In 1933, Wang Jiaxiang was strafed by the air force of the Kuomintang (KMT) Army and was severely injured. In 1934, after the failure of Anti-the KMT Fifth Campaign, he was forced to withdraw from central Chinese Soviet areas and to break a siege westward. In the long march, Mao, with the support of Wang Jiaxiang and Zhang Wentian, crushed the CCP leader Qin Bangxian and squeezed out Zhou Enlai by holding Zunyi Meeting. In 1937, Wang Jiaxiang went to the Soviet Union as Mao’s emissary, unfolding the connection between the CCP and Moscow. In 1938, Wang brought back from the Soviet Union Dimitrov’s verbal message to support Mao to be the CCP leader , which directly impacted the intra-party position of Wang Ming, and induced the re-organization of CCP’s central powers. To completely defeat the influence of the staff who had further studied in the Soviet Union, and to secure his supreme party position, Mao embarked Yanan Rectification Campaign. In the beginning, Wang Jiaxiang was one of the button men in this Campaign. However, as it went deeper, Wang, having had sinned of dogmatism resulting from his studying in the Soviet Union, was unable to escape from his destiny of being purged in the end.