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姓名 劉崇治( Shong-Zh Liu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 大氣物理研究所
論文名稱 衛星資料反演海氣參數及其在梅雨期海上中尺度對流系統生成發展之應用
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摘要(中) 台灣地區附近海域,每年在梅雨期間,常常有中尺度對流系統在海面上生成與發展,然後移向台灣造成豪雨。由於許多的研究都顯示,海氣之間的交互作用和海上中尺度對流系統的生成與發展關係可能非常密切。不過由於海面上傳統觀測資料往往不足,一般而言,很難有足夠的資料進行相關的分析。本研究的目的是利用GMS-5及SSM/I衛星資料建立一套各種海氣參數(包括海水表面溫度、近海面空氣的溫溼度、風速、海氣間的潛熱與可感熱通量)的反演方法與流程,並利用各種海氣參數,發展了一個可以描述整體海氣交互作用強弱程度與其變化趨勢的客觀潛力指數(Objective Potential Index; OPI)。此外也將OPI應用在1997年到2000年台灣地區梅雨期海上中尺度對流系統消長的實際個案分析中。文中關於海面溫度、近海面空氣溼度及風速的反演方程式,是利用多(或雙)頻道線性迴歸法來建立;近海面空氣溫度是利用本研究自行研發的改良式Bowen比值法來計算;海氣間的潛熱及可感熱通量則是用總體參數法來獲得。
研究結果顯示:對台灣及南海附近海域的SSM/I與GMS-5海面溫度的反演值與船舶觀測的相關係數及均方根誤差分別為0.86、1.38K和0.86、1.86K。近海面空氣溼度的反演結果分別為0.95、1.53g/kg和0.76、1.8g/kg。關於利用改良式Bowen比值法來計算近海面空氣溫度部分,反演結果則分別為0.93、1.46K和0.86、1.69K。
關於OPI的應用方面,結果也顯示:OPI指數大於0.5表示海氣之間具有明顯的正向(由下到上)能量傳送之潛力,這樣正向的下邊界條件應該是有利對流系統的生成或發展。此外在逐時OPI指數與GMS-5紅外線第一頻道亮度溫度的時間序列變化情形分析中,似乎可以發現,對單純自海面上生出並且發展的對流系統而言,OPI指數的變化與平均亮度溫度的變化具有時間延遲,因此透過OPI指數的計算與追蹤,應該可以成為梅雨期海上中尺度對流系統生成或發展前兆的諸多參考因子之一。
關鍵字(中) ★ 梅雨
★ 海氣交互作用
★ 海氣參數
★ 中尺度對流系統
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 封面
目錄
表目錄
圖目錄
一、前言
1.1 研究動機與目的
1.2 海面溫度反演方法回顧
1.3 近海面空氣濕度反演方法回顧
1.4 近海面空氣溫度反演方法回顧
1.5 近海面風速反演方法回顧
1.6 各種海氣參數反演之初步規劃
二、理論依據與研究方法
2.1 紅外線理論部分
2.2 微波理論部分
2.3 海水表面溫度反演方法
2.4 近海面空氣濕度反演方法
2.5 近海面空氣溫度反演方法
2.6 近海面風度反演方法
2.7 海氣門潛熱及可感熱通量反演方法
2.8 海氣交互作用客觀潛力指數估算方法
三、資料收集與處理
3.1 GMS-5衛星資料
3.2 SSM/I衛星資料
3.3 船舶與浮球觀測資料
3.4 衛星資料與海面觀測的匹配取樣
四、結果分析與討論
4.1 SSM/I反演部分
4.2 GMS-5反演部分
4.3 SSM/I與GMS-5反演結果的比較
4.4 近海面風速反演部分
4.5 客觀潛力指數的估算部分
五、OPI指數的應用與測試
5.1 1997年5月20日個案
5.2 1997年6月11日個案
5.3 1998年6月9日個案
5.4 1999年5月27日個案
5.5 1999年6月11日個案
5.6 1997年5月16日個案
5.7 1999年6月27日個案
5.8 2000年5月逐時、定點分析
5.9 2000年6月逐時、定點分析
5.10 2000年5月逐時、固定區域分析
六、結論與展望
6.1 各種海氣參數的反演
6.2 潛力指數的建立與應用部分
七、參考文獻
附表
附圖
附錄一:衛星資料在梅雨季海上中尺度對流系統生成前兆之初步探討
附錄二:近四年論文清單
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指導教授 劉振榮(Gin-Rong Liu) 審核日期 2001-7-16
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