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姓名 陳衍豪( Yan-Hau Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 立體航測影像直線與圓弧輪廓建物半自動之三維模型重建
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摘要(中) (1)按照人工所概略點選之位置做為初始值,建構出建物的概略輪廓,偵測出建物各邊界之候選直線邊界與候選圓弧邊界。
(2)以區塊匹配的概念將建物之概略輪廓做匹配後可得建物的概略高度,以此高度做各候選線段逐點匹配時之起始值,可減少匹配失敗的機會而得到高度資訊做為評選條件。
(3)將匹配成果做資料偵錯,且以平差的方法重新計算出各候選線段之各點座標做前方交會得三維座標,做為下階段評選條件。
(4)在評選與組合建物邊界線段完成後,則計算屋角點之三維座標,完成建物之三維座標的重建。
結果顯示對於影像中建物輪廓特徵明顯且邊界高程連續的建物之三維模型重建,本研究所提出之方法為一可能的方案。
關鍵字(中) ★ 半自動
★ 區塊匹配
★ 三維重建
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 圖目錄III
表目錄VI
摘要VII
ABSTRACTVIII
第一章 緒論1
1-1研究動機與目的1
1-2文獻回顧2
1-3研究方法與流程5
1-4論文架構9
第二章 人工概略判識屋角點與線段萃取11
2-1 影像之平滑化處理13
2-2邊緣線偵測14
2-2-1多重解析力梯度強度影像之獲取15
2-2-2 局部最大值追蹤邊緣細化法52
2-3人工概略判識屋角點52
2-4邊界直線線段與圓弧線段之萃取52
2-4-1 Hough轉換之基本原理52
2-4-2 Hough轉換偵測直線52
2-4-3 Hough轉換偵測圓弧52
第三章 影像匹配與資料偵錯52
3-1 CLR匹配法52
3-2 匹配前之起始位置預估52
3-3 資料搜評應用於錯誤偵測52
第四章 人工建物之三維模型重建52
4-1 計算線段之三維座標52
4-2 邊界候選線段評選52
第五章 實驗與成果52
5-1 實驗資料簡介52
5-2 測試例一:連棟斜頂屋52
5-3 測試例二:屋頂有遮蔽之建物67
5-4 測試例三:圓弧與直線邊界組成屋頂75
第六章 結論與建議85
參考文獻87
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指導教授 陳良健(Liang-Chien Chen) 審核日期 2001-7-16
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