博碩士論文 100226072 詳細資訊




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姓名 黃于洲(Yu-Chou Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 微米光柵壓印有機太陽能電池主動層之研究
(Study of Imprinted Micro-Grating Active Layer in Organic Photovoltaic)
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摘要(中) 近年來,許多團隊在有機太陽能電池的效率增進貢獻良多,從單層有機太陽能電池到奈米壓印有機太陽能電池的研究,無論是在有機材料的吸光特性或是電荷收集上都有相當的進展,盼望早日能夠生產出商用的電池。
本研究重點在於吾人以熱壓印製作微米週期結構有機太陽能電池主動層,期望光入射至主動層和鋁電極界面時能在微米光柵結構內多次反射與吸收,增強主動層的吸收率,亦能使主動層和鋁電極間的接觸面積增加,使有效收集到的載子更多。同時以時域有限差分法模擬與光譜儀量測一同驗證此電池結構吸收率的增進,進一步縮小至奈米結構模擬之,並在AM 1.5G的光源下進行效率量測,分析I-V曲線得到電性參數,在施加相同壓力之下,光柵深度10 nm的有機太陽能電池短路電流較平面壓印有機太陽能電池相對提升0.05 mA(6.6 %),光柵深度30 nm的有機太陽能電池短路電流較平面壓印有機太陽能電池相對提升0.118 mA(20 %),意即光柵結構所貢獻的抗反射效果使微米週期光柵有機太陽能電池較平面壓印有機太陽能電池有更高的光電流輸出。
摘要(英) In recent years, the efficiency of organic photovoltaic has increasing dramatically through numerous researchers’ contribution. From single layer organic photovoltaic to tandem organic photovoltaic, both the absorbance of photon and charge collection is increasing gradually. We are looking forward to producing commercial batteries.
This thesis focuses on enhancement of electron collection efficiency and photon absorbance in organic photovoltaic through thermal imprint lithography on active layer. The enhancement of photon absorbance is proved with spectrophotometer in this photovoltaic, and collaborated with the FDTD simulation. Finally, we perform optical simulation on varying the structure period from micrometer to nanometer scale. The photocurrent of device is measured under standard AM 1.5G solar spectrum for analyzing electrical property by I-V curve. Basing on the same imprint pressure, the short circuit current of depth of 10 nm grating active layer in OPV is 0.05 mA(relative improvement 6.6%) higher than planar one. The same phenomena can be found under higher imprinted pressure that the short circuit current of depth of 30 nm grating active layer in OPV is 0.118 mA (relative improvement 20%)higher than planar one. Therefore, the contribution of anti-reflection caused from imprinted micro-grating structure in OPV can enhance photocurrent more than planar one.
關鍵字(中) ★ 奈米壓印
★ 熱壓印
★ 有機太陽能電池
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 摘要 …………………………………………………………………….. I
Abstract ………………………………………………………………… II
誌謝 …………………………………………………………………... III
目錄 …………………………………………………………………... IV
圖目錄 ………………………………………………………………... VI
表目錄 ………………………………………………………………... IX
第一章 緒論 …………………………………………………………... 1
1-1 前言 ……………………………………………………………….. 1
1-2 太陽能電池簡介 ………………………………………………….. 3
1-3 研究動機 ………………………………………………………….. 5
第二章 實驗原理與技術 ……………………………………………... 6
2-1 奈米壓印技術 …………………………………………………….. 6
2-2 奈米壓印文獻回顧 ……………………………………………….. 8
2-3 有機太陽能電池工作原理 ……………………………………… 11
2-4 有機太陽能電池文獻回顧 ……………………………………… 15
2-5 太陽能電池量測參數介紹 ……………………………………… 17
第三章 實驗儀器與模擬軟體 ………………………………………. 21
3-1 手套箱系統 ……………………………………………………… 21
3-2 光電轉換效率量測系統 ………………………………………… 21
3-3 原子力顯微鏡 …………………………………………………… 21
3-4 掃描式電子顯微鏡 ……………………………………………… 22
3-5 時域有限差分法 ………………………………………………… 23
第四章 實驗結果與理論分析 ………………………………………. 26
4-1 微米週期主動層有機太陽能電池製作 ………………………… 28
4-1-1 表面改質 ……………………………………………………. 29
4-1-2 熱壓印和電池製作 …………………………………………. 30
4-2 六角陣列奈米柱主動層有機太陽能電池前段製程 …………… 32
4-3 微米週期主動層有機太陽能電池的效率量測 ………………… 36
4-4 微米週期主動層有機太陽能電池的光學特性分析 …………… 39
4-5 展望有機太陽能電池的光學特性分析 ………………………… 44
4-5-1 微米週期主動層有機太陽能電池 ………………………..... 44
4-5-2 奈米週期主動層有機太陽能電池 …………………………. 46
4-5-3 六角陣列奈米柱主動層有機太陽能電池 …………………. 48
4-5 微米週期主動層有機太陽能電池光電分析總結 ……………… 50
第五章 結論與未來展望 ……………………………………………. 52
參考文獻 ……………………………………………………………... 56
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指導教授 張瑞芬、陳昇暉
(Jui-Fen Chang、Sheng-Hui Chen)
審核日期 2013-10-23
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