博碩士論文 100322049 詳細資訊




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姓名 鄭進源(Chin-Yuan Zheng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 土木工程學系
論文名稱 自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識系統導入鋪面破壞維護管理系統之研究
(Auto Pavement Damage Image Detection System Importing Pavement Distress Maintenance Management System)
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摘要(中) 鋪面狀況指標為鋪面重要的服務指數,不僅影響乘車的舒適度,亦提供於鋪面建設與維護評估之時機,而如何有效管理道路狀況,需定期檢驗及蒐集鋪面資料,過去檢驗技術大都為人力檢驗較費時且費工,故本研究嘗試以自動化鋪面破壞檢測系統進行路面檢測。
自動化鋪面破壞影像檢測系統(Auto Pavement Damage Image Detection System, APDIDS)採用雙線掃描相機進行非接觸式的鋪面檢測,而近年來影像處理技術發展相當迅速,不僅在相機等級的提升或者是影像辨識方法的提升,因此本研究嘗試使用兩台線掃描相機及相關影像擷取設備進行鋪面影像資料檢測,並開發一套自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識系統(Auto Pavement Distress Image Recognition System, APDIRS),將自動化鋪面破壞影像檢測系統所擷取之影像進行辨識,其中包含辨識縱、橫向裂縫、坑洞、補綻、鱷魚狀裂縫、貓眼、人手孔等等鋪面常見破壞及附屬設施,並將破壞辨識結果進行鋪面狀況指標計算。
在自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識完成後建立鋪面破壞維護管理系統(Pavement Distress Maintenance Management System, PDMMS),在鋪面破壞維護管理系統中建立道路基本資料、道路破壞位置資料及道路破壞統計資料以提供道路養護單位更有效率的管理整體道路之狀況。
研究結果發現使用雙線掃描相機所建置的自動化鋪面破壞影像檢測系統能有效的提升鋪面狀況調查之效率,並有效提升鋪面影像擷取之影像品質,而自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識系統採用分群演算法及分類演算法能有效的將破壞影像進行破壞分群並分類出破壞狀況,並有效的將辨識結果進行鋪面狀況指標計算,使鋪面檢測。
摘要(英) Pavement Condition Index, or PCI, is an important index of pavement service level, it not only affects the comfort of driving, but also provides the suitable time for pavement construction and rehabilitation. In order to manage pavement effectively, it is needed to inspect and collect pavement condition data on a regular base. Most of past inspection techniques are time consuming and labor intensive. The objective of this research was to develop an Auto Pavement Damage Image Detection System, or APDIDS, which can provide an automatic inspection technique.
This research used two linear scanning cameras and related image collection equipment to inspect pavement conditions. Moreover, it was then to develop an Auto Pavement Distress Image Recognition System, or APDIRS, which can identify the the common pavement defacts from APDIDS including: longitudinal, transverse cracking, potholes, patching, alligator cracking, manholes, and so on. The APDIRS can automatically evaluate the pavement defacts and conclude the value of PCI.
The research results indicated that by using two line scanning camera, the pavement inspection process enhanced effectively, the pavement image quality also raised. The APDIRS using clustering techniques and classification techniques could classification the damage image and calculate pavement circumstances index effectively.
This study concludes that APDIDS can adequately increase the rate of distress detection and quality of detected images in pavement condition surveying; the APDIRS incorporated with K-means and J48 can sort out different distress types and integrate into calculating the PCI. A Pavement Distress Maintenance and Management System, or PDMMS, was established to incorporate with data from APDIRS which can provide the profile of the roadway network and chronicle data of distresses. Thus, the agencies can efficiently manage the pavement conditions among districts.
關鍵字(中) ★ 鋪面狀況指標
★ 自動化鋪面破壞影像檢測系統
★ 自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識系統
★ 鋪面破壞維護管理系統
關鍵字(英) ★ PCI
★ APDIDS
★ APDIRS
★ PDMMS
論文目次 目錄 I
圖目錄 V
表目錄 IX
第一章、緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究內容與方法 3
1.4 研究流程 4
第二章、文獻回顧 7
2.1 國外自動化檢測設備 7
2.1.1 美國 8
2.1.2 瑞典 17
2.1.3 瑞士 22
2.1.4 加拿大 23
2.1.5 日本 27
2.1.6 澳洲 33
2.1.7 中國大陸 36
2.1.8 國內鋪面檢測車 39
2.1.9 各國檢測車比較表 42
2.2 鋪面影像辨識理論 43
2.2.1 影像處理概論 44
2.2.2 影像辨識方法於鋪面之應用 45
2.3 國內外柔性鋪面狀況指標 50
2.3.1 鋪面狀況指標(Pavement Condition Index, PCI) 50
2.3.2 鋪面狀況評級(Pavement Condition Rating) 58
2.3.3 國內柔性鋪面狀況指標 59
2.4 鋪面維護管理系統發展 63
2.4.1 國外鋪面維護管理系統探討 64
2.4.2 國內鋪面維護管理系統探討 65
第三章、自動化鋪面破壞影像檢測系統 71
3.1 自動化鋪面破壞影像檢測系統機構設計 71
3.1.1 相機支架及外盒 71
3.1.2 距離感測器機構 73
3.2 鋪面破壞影像線掃描相機 74
3.2.1 線掃描相機輸出影像型式 77
3.2.2 線掃描相機曝光及同步模式 81
3.2.3 線掃描相機參數設定及計算 85
3.3 鏡頭 87
3.4 LED光源設備 91
3.5 距離感測器 97
3.6 其他鋪面影像擷取設備 99
3.7 自動化鋪面破壞影像擷取系統 100
第四章、自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識系統模型 107
4.1 鋪面影像處理 108
4.1.1 鋪面影像合成模組 108
4.1.2 鋪面影像光源校正模組 110
4.1.3 鋪面影像二值化 114
4.2 鋪面影像辨識 116
4.2.1 鋪面破壞影像萃取 116
4.2.2 鋪面破壞影像分類 119
4.2.3 鋪面破壞影像學習 122
4.2.4 鋪面破壞影像群組化 125
4.2.5 鋪面破壞影像計算PCI指標 125
4.2.6 鋪面破壞資料匯出 130
4.3 自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識系統成效分析 132
第五章、鋪面破壞維護管理系統建立 137
5.1 鋪面破壞維護管理系統架構 137
5.2 鋪面破壞維護管理系統資料庫規劃及展示 137
第六章、結論與建議 143
6.1 結論 143
6.2 建議 144
參考文獻 145
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桃園縣政府交通局,2005年,「桃園縣政府道路基本資料調查」。
桃園縣政府交通局,2006年,「桃園縣政府鄉道調查第二期」。
張其教,2001年「柔性路面網級養護管理維修系統建立之研究」,國立中央大學土木工程學系博士論文。
張洪光、王祁、 魏瑋,2005年, 基於人工種群的路面裂紋檢測,南京理工大學學報 (自然科學版),29(4),389-393。
曹哲彰,2001年,「以雷射雷達量測對流層頂之溫度、高度分布-與無線電探空儀量測資料之比較、分析」,國立中央大學物理學系碩士論文。
許峻榕、陳繼藩,2005年, 利用卡爾曼濾波與區段技術擷取與偵測鋪面裂縫,Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing,10,255-264。
陳世晃、鄭進源,2011年,「整合HSUPA及GIS於智慧型紋理檢測車之可行性評估」,國科會大專生專題。
陳建達,2009年,「自動化道路檢測設備整合開發與應用於鋪面維護管理之研究」,國立中央大學土木工程學系博士論文。
楊政錤,2010年,「鋪面缺陷影像辨識系統應用於路網檢測之研究」,國立中央大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
劉霈、鄭進源、何庭武,2013年,「自動化鋪面破壞影像辨識與鋪面三維影像建構之研究」,國科會專題研究計畫。
蔡鎮宇,2011年,「鋪面雷射掃描儀之鋪面績效分析」,國立臺灣大學土木工程學系博士論文。
鄧智陽,2008年,「自動化鋪面檢測之研究」,國立臺灣大學土木工程學系碩士論文。
指導教授 林志棟、陳世晃
(Jyh-Dong Lin、Shih-Huang Chen)
審核日期 2013-7-29
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