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姓名 王中彥(Chung-Yen Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 熱處理模具鋼深冷與QPQ處理對機械性質及耐腐蝕性影響
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摘要(中) 本研究中,準備M333,SKD61和M390三種型號模具鋼,予以固溶處理再進行-60及-196℃深冷處理,再實施QPQ探討對模具鋼機械性質的影響。觀察深冷處理後顯微結構及殘留沃斯田鐵的變化,QPQ處理後氮﹑氧層之膜厚及物相分析。根據XRD顯示出深冷處理後比高溫回火殘留沃斯田鐵顯著減少,及氧﹑氮化層物相為Fe3O4﹑ Fe2-3N﹑ CrN等有利於硬度及耐磨的提升。
電位極化曲線試驗顯示出經QPQ處理後與深冷處理比較未有較好的耐蝕能力,是由於氮化期間過多的CrN析出導致表面及基材 Cr 含量急遽減少導致耐蝕性下降,另一原因氮化層有少數裂紋產生。
EPMA maping分析元素強度分佈可看到三種鋼材氮化層厚度不一(10~15µm)主要因材料Cr含量不同Cr元素會抑制N原子之擴散之故。利用TEM穿透式電子顯微鏡觀察深冷與QPQ處理之碳化物之變化,發現氮化物大小形狀種類並無明顯變化,因QPQ處理溫度介於500~600℃之間無直接影響到碳化物溶解與成長。
摘要(英) In the study,three types of die steels(M333,SKD61,M390) were prepared via austenitiling treatment quenched to room temperature the followed by cryogenic treatment(-60 and -196℃) for 8hrs.All sample were temepered twice at 500℃ for 2hrs. Quench-Polish-Quench (QPQ) treatment was also conducted for surface hardening.The microstructure and retained austenite of the cryogenic treated sample were observed measured. The thickness of oxide films and nitride films and phase analyses of the QPQ Treated sample were investigated by SEM and OM.
Accodding to XRD analyses retained austenitic was significantly decreased sample matrix after cryogenic treatment.The analyzed phase displayed that oxide films and nitride films were mainly Fe¬3¬O4,Fe2-3N and CrN,which hardness increase.

The QPQ treated sample displayed poor corrosion than that without QPQ treated samples due to excessive CrN precipitated during nitriding,so that the content of Cr dereased in their matrix to result in decreasing corrosion resistance.

EPMA mapping analyses show the thickness of nitride layer and oxide layer on different sample. Particles of CrN and FeN were also Identified film mapping analyses.No significant variation of carbide size were observed by TEM between with/without QPQ treated samples size.
關鍵字(中) ★ 模具鋼
★ 深冷處理
★ QPQ處理
★ X-ray繞射
★ 氮化膜
★ 氧化膜
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 目錄
摘要 i
Abstract ii
圖目錄 iv
表目錄 vii
第一章 前言 1
第二章 文獻回顧 2
2-1鋼的淬火與回火處理 2
2-1-1淬火(Quenching) 2
2-1-2回火(Tempering) 2
2-2 鋼中殘留沃斯田鐵 4
2-2-1高溫回火法 5
2-2-2深冷處理法 5
2-3深冷處理 5
2-4超深冷處理 6
2-4-1深冷與超深冷處理對機械性質的影響 7
2-4-2深冷與超深冷處理對碳化物的影響 10
2-5 QPQ處理研究 13
2-5-1鹽浴氮化與鹽浴氧化處理 14
2-5-2 滲氮層的組織與性能 14
2-5-3 QPQ處理時合金元素對氮化的影響 16
2-5-4 QPQ處理過程變化 16
第三章 實驗方法與步驟 21
3-1 實驗目的 21
3-2 實驗材料與準備 21
3-3 實驗設備 22
3-4 實驗流程 24
3-5 實驗步驟 25
第四章 結果與討論 28
4-1模具鋼金相觀察 28
4-1-1 淬火回火調質及深冷處理 28
4-1-2 QPQ處理 33
4-2 X-ray繞射分析 36
4-3 SEM分析 43
4-4 電子微探針分析(EPMA)及Line scan分析 44
4-5 硬度試驗 50
4-5-1 一般深冷與深冷處理之硬度 50
4-5-2 QPQ處理之硬度 51
4-6 電化學分析 52
4-7 穿透式電子顯微鏡分析(TEM) 56
第五章 結論 58
參考文獻 59
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指導教授 施登士(Teng-Shih Shih) 審核日期 2015-1-30
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