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姓名 林萬諺(Wan Yan Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 使用接枝到表面法製備聚乙二醇高分子刷於自組裝單分子膜改質之矽基材
(Preparation of polyethylene glycol polymer brush onto self-assembled monolayer modified silicon wafer by using grafting-to method)
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摘要(中) 高分子刷結構可以改變界面或表面之物理性質,有效地提高固體之濕潤與黏著性、增強膠體穩定性與生物相容性。因此近年來高分子刷成為表面改質,以及奈米高分子材料領域的研究重點。本研究主要探討利用接枝到表面法(grafting-to method)在表面改質過的矽晶圓基材上合成不同密度的PEO高分子刷。
基材表面改質使用單一或混合兩種含矽原子的分子進行自組裝成單分子膜,此兩種含矽原子的分子分別為 3-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane (MPS) 和n-propyl triethoxysilane (PTS)。透過不同反應時間及濃度的差異造成MPS覆蓋率的差異,以決定表面改質的程度。藉由水接觸角和X射線光電子能譜儀 (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,XPS)判定表面改質的成果。高分子刷的合成是先將聚乙二醇(poly ethylene glycol,PEG)高分子的末端官能基從OH基換成Br基,藉由傅立葉轉換-紅外光譜儀(Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy,FT-IR)及超導核磁共振儀(Nuclear magnetic resonance,NMR)確認反應過後的高分子存在C-Br的鍵結。高分子上的Br末端官能基與MPS末端的SH官能基藉由鈀催化劑(bis (triphenyl- -phosphine) palladium(II) chloride,PdCl2(PPh3)2)進行C-S鍵耦合反應合成聚乙二醇高分子刷。我們可以透過水接觸角及X射線光電子能譜圖得知聚乙二醇的接枝情形。本研究說明了藉由簡單的表面改質技術達成合成高分子刷於自組裝單分子膜改質之基材進而達到改變表面性質以進行更多應用的目的。
摘要(英) Polymer brush can greatly modify the interface structure, physical, and chemical properties of the surface. Typical examples are manipulating the wetting and adhesion of solid, and enhancing colloidal stability and biocompatibility. Therefore, polymer brushes have become one of the most attractive research in recent years. This thesis reports the synthesis and applications of poly-ethylene-glycol (PEG) polymer brushes on surface-assembled monolayer (SAM)-modified silica substrates using grafting-to approach.
The first part of the research focuses on the surface modification using SAMs. Two silane molecules, 3-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane (MPS) and n-propyl triethoxysilane (PTS) were used, to generate a monolayer of mixed SAMs onto silica substrate, with various MPS surface coverage. Water contact angle and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were used to analyze the modified surface properties. PEG polymers with hydroxyl group at one end were used as the model system to study the properties of polymer brushes using grafting-to approach. First, -OH was replaced by -Br by adding PBr3 in the reaction. The -Br end-group was detected by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Since MPS has an end -SH group, PEG with end -Br group can graft onto MPS through C-S coupling with the catalyst, bis (triphenylphosphine)palladium(II) chloride (PdCl2(PPh3)2). We can use water contact angle measurement ,XPS and AFM to check the polymer brush’s grafting statues. This study demonstrates that we can change the surface property via simple surface modification and polymer brush grafting technique.
關鍵字(中) ★ 高分子刷
★ 自組裝單分子膜
★ 聚乙二醇
關鍵字(英) ★ Polymer brushes
★ Self-assembled monolayer
★ polyethylene oxide
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract III
致謝 V
目錄 VI
圖目錄 IX
表目錄 XII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1簡介 1
1-2研究動機 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1 Polymer brushes 高分子刷 4
2-1-1 高分子刷簡介 4
2-1-2 高分子刷的研究發展 8
2-1-3 高分子刷合成方式 11
2-1-4 高分子刷接枝密度控制及影響 15
2-2 Self-Assembled Monolayers(SAMs)自組裝單分子膜 17
2-2-1 自我組裝單分子膜簡介 17
2-2-2 自我組裝單分子膜之結構 18
2-2-3 所選用單分子之特性 20
2-3 聚乙二醇簡介 21
2-3-1 聚乙二醇的性質 21
2-3-2 聚乙二醇的應用 22
2-3-3 聚乙二醇高分子鏈接枝情況 23
2-4 碳-硫鍵耦合反應 24
2-5 低掠射角小角度散射(Grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering) 27
第三章 研究方法 30
3-1 實驗藥品 30
3-2 實驗儀器與器材 34
3-3 實驗流程 37
3-4 實驗方法 38
3-4-1矽基材表面改質 38
3-4-2 合成聚乙二醇高分子前驅物(含末端官能基為溴) 40
3-4-3 合成聚乙二醇高分子刷 42
第四章 結果與討論 43
4-1 矽基材表面改質分析 43
4-1-1 接觸角測定 43
4-1-2 MPS表面覆蓋率 46
4-1-3 X射線光電子能譜儀 48
4-2 聚乙二醇高分子刷探討 54
4-2-1 含末端官能基為溴之聚乙二醇檢測 54
4-2-2 聚乙二醇高分子刷合成於表面改質之矽基材情形 58
4-3 即時掠入射角小角度X光散射探討 67
4-4 基材接觸角遲滯現象探討 70
第五章 結論與未來展望 72
參考文獻 74
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指導教授 李岱洲(Tai-Chou Lee) 審核日期 2013-7-30
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