博碩士論文 100350607 詳細資訊




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姓名 安東尼(Daniel Lainez Salinas)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 國際永續發展碩士在職專班
論文名稱 宏都拉斯德古斯加巴市暴風雨災害引致固體廢棄物產生量 之推估及緊急堆置場地遴選評估之研究
(Estimation of Solid Waste Generation Due to Storm-Disaster and the Assessment of Waste Storage Site Selection in the City of Tegucigalpa, Honduras)
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摘要(中) 每一個國家的緊急應變事件中,天然災害引起的大量額外廢棄物問題之管理是一個重要的課題;有鑑於宏都拉斯的所遭遇到的自然現象,特別是暴風雨災害,對於土地、經濟和人民的衝擊甚大,因此,這項研究旨在針對宏都拉斯首都德古西加巴遭遇暴風雨災害時的廢棄物管理之因應方針。論文研究的範圍包括受災害範圍之廢棄物產生量估計,及評估該城市可作為災害產生之廢棄物 (以下簡稱災害廢棄物) 的暫存地點,以作為災害廢棄物之臨時管理場所。
本研究採用由美國陸軍工兵署開發之數學模式,模式之參數包括家戶數、暴風雨強度、植被的數量、商業結構和降雨量等,用以估計災害廢棄物產生量。ArcGIS 地理資訊工具被用來評估分析災害廢棄物暫存地點。由所設定之參數推估結果,一場暴風雨於德古西加巴市可產生額外廢棄物 (於所設定之最嚴重條件下) 324,000 公噸 (約800%額外產量),鄰近德古西加巴市之災害暫存區所需面積約 70 公頃。
摘要(英) Disaster waste management is an issue that needs to be considered in the emergency plans of
every country because large quantities of extra waste will be generated by the disaster crisis.
Honduras’ exposure to natural phenomena, especially storm disasters, is extremely high
causing severe impacts to its territory, economy, and people. Therefore, this study aimed to
provide some waste management guidance in an event that a storm disaster affects the country
of Honduras and more specifically its capital city Tegucigalpa. The scope of the thesis was to
provide waste generation estimates in areas of the city with a higher risk of being affected and
also to locate a potential place where the great quantities of disaster waste could be managed
before its final disposal.
An equation model developed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers was applied,
and factors such as amount of households, storm intensity, amount of vegetation, amount of
commercial structures, and precipitation were used to calculate the generation of extra waste
due to a storm disaster. The geoprocessing tools of ArcGIS were used to analyze different
parameters to narrow out different areas that could serve as potential sites for the management
of disaster waste. The results of this study show that an approximate amount of 324,000 tons
of extra waste (corresponding to approximately 8 times the annual solid waste) could be
possibly generated by a worst-case scenario during a storm disaster; and that this quantity of
waste could be stored for later management in an area of nearly 70 hectares located in the
vicinity of the city of Tegucigalpa.
關鍵字(中) ★ 災害廢棄物管理
★ 災害廢棄物產量推估
★ 災害廢棄物暫存場地評估
關鍵字(英) ★ Disaster waste management
★ Disaster waste estimation
★ Storage site selection for disaster waste
論文目次 Table of Contents
Abstract
...................................................................................................................................................................
i
摘要
..........................................................................................................................................................................
ii
Acknowledgements
.........................................................................................................................................
iii
Table
of
Contents
..............................................................................................................................................
iv
List
of
Tables
......................................................................................................................................................
vii
List
of
Figures
.....................................................................................................................................................
ix
List
of
Acronyms
...............................................................................................................................................
xi
Chapter
1
Introduction
...............................................................................................................................
1
1.1
Outline
and
scope
of
the
thesis
.....................................................................................................
1
1.2
Study
motivation
...............................................................................................................................
2
1.3
Goal
and
objectives
............................................................................................................................
4
1.4
Research
difficulties
..........................................................................................................................
5
1.5
General
background
of
the
country
of
study
..........................................................................
5
1.6
Background
of
the
study
area:
Tegucigalpa
............................................................................
9
1.6.1
Physical characteristics ........................................................................................... 9
1.6.2
Population and urbanization ................................................................................. 11
1.6.3
Climate and risk .................................................................................................... 11
1.6.4
Municipal solid waste management in Tegucigalpa ............................................. 12
Chapter
2
Literature
Review
.................................................................................................................
14
2.1
Climate
change
and
disaster
risk
..............................................................................................
14
2.1.1
The case of Honduras ........................................................................................... 15
v
2.2
Disaster
waste
management
......................................................................................................
16
2.2.1
Components of a solid waste management system under normal conditions ...... 19
2.3
Disaster
waste
management
aspects
......................................................................................
20
2.3.1
Planning and Organization ................................................................................... 20
2.3.2
Waste Composition and Quantities ...................................................................... 21
2.3.3
Waste Treatment Options ..................................................................................... 22
2.3.4
Other Considerations ............................................................................................ 22
2.3.5
Contingency Planning ........................................................................................... 23
2.4
Disaster
waste
estimating
models
...........................................................................................
23
2.5
USACE
debris
estimating
model
...............................................................................................
24
2.6
GIS,
its
tools
and
their
usefulness
.............................................................................................
26
Chapter
3
Methodology
...........................................................................................................................
28
3.1
Overview
............................................................................................................................................
28
3.2
Phase
1:
Situation
of
the
study
area
........................................................................................
30
3.2.1
Interview ............................................................................................................... 30
3.2.2
Document review .................................................................................................. 31
3.3
Phase
2:
Waste
estimations
in
affected
area
.......................................................................
34
3.3.1
Dataset Acquisition ............................................................................................... 34
3.3.2
Geoprocessing ...................................................................................................... 35
3.3.3
Municipal solid waste estimation ......................................................................... 38
3.3.4
Disaster debris estimation ..................................................................................... 39
3.4
Phase
3:
Temporary
management
site
selection
...............................................................
46
3.4.1
Parameter Selection .............................................................................................. 47
3.4.2
Dataset Acquisition ............................................................................................... 48
3.4.3
Geoprocessing ...................................................................................................... 49
vi
3.4.4
Size of temporary waste management site ........................................................... 58
3.4.5
Final map for temporary management site ........................................................... 59
Results
Chapter
4
and
Discussion
.......................................................................................................
60
4.1
Disaster
waste
estimations
.........................................................................................................
60
4.1.1
Estimation of MSW during the disaster ............................................................... 62
4.1.2
Estimation of the debris caused by the disaster .................................................... 63
4.2
Type
of
generated
disaster
waste
............................................................................................
64
4.3
Waste
estimation
comparisons
with
a
different
method
...............................................
65
4.4
Temporary
disaster
waste
management
site
......................................................................
68
Chapter
5
Conclusions
and
Recommendations
.............................................................................
73
5.1
Conclusions
.......................................................................................................................................
73
5.2
Recommendations
..........................................................................................................................
74
References
.........................................................................................................................................................
75
Appendix
A
........................................................................................................................................................
79
Appendix
B
........................................................................................................................................................
82
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指導教授 廖萬里(Wan-li Liao) 審核日期 2013-7-19
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