博碩士論文 100423002 詳細資訊




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姓名 柳家倫(Jia-loon Liu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊管理學系
論文名稱 跨雲端虛擬機遷移之研究—以雲端安全實驗平台為例
(Cross-Cloud Virtual Image Migrate Research —Case of Cloud Security Experimental Platform)
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摘要(中) 隨著網際網路的不斷演進,人類對資訊的需求與日俱增,加上虛擬化的發展,與近年來雲端的崛起,公有雲則越來越盛行,許多公司開始爭相研發雲端設備,如Amazon EC2、Windows Azure等發展起來雲端大廠,使得利用公有雲的企業與用戶越來越多。因上述雲端的崛起,小型企業通常要使用雲端會先建立起私有雲再考慮是否應該跨雲,本研究前身CSEP雲端安全實驗平台就是利用私有雲虛擬化的特色,打造出保存與還原當時的環境,達到讓學員可以輕易的體驗與操作經典的資訊安全案例為目的的平台進行研究。
但是要達到讓使用者體驗經典的資訊安全案例,量身打造當時環境是教材設計者最為花費時間的步驟,隨著私有雲的負載量持續增加,倘若要繼續提供服務勢必要擴充自己私有雲的設備或者在公有雲上重新打造之前設計之案例,但因擴充私有雲會耗費更多的成本,而在公有雲上重新打造眾多案例的環境在人力和需時上是根本無法達到的。
以上的環境直至今日的研究仍未不足的地方如:遷移至公有雲的技術、雲端供應商所提供的系統不合等等,因此本研究針對以上的不足實驗並研究這一類的問題,並通過實際遷移虛擬機至Amazon EC2上來測試出效能、相容性以及與原先Xen架構下的虛擬機有何不同來實現私有雲遷移公有雲之意義。
摘要(英) People’s demand for information gains day by day because of the evolution of Internet. Also, the development of virtualization and the rise of the cloud, especially public cloud, are popular every day. Many companies began competing the cloud equipment against each other, such as Amazon Ec2, Windows Azure and other developing cloud manufacturers. As a result, there were more and more business and users using public cloud. Due to the rise of cloud which mentioned before, small businesses had to build a private cloud, and then, consider whether it should cross the cloud or not. The predecessor of this research, CSEP Cloud of Security Experimental Platform, is using the feature of virtualization in order to create a environment at that time and save it. Which make sure students could easily experience information security and operate the platform which built for classic case for the purpose of research.
The amount of burden of private cloud is continuing growing. It will cost a lot to expand equipment for private cloud if people wish to go on providing this service. But, it’s impossible to build so many environmental cases on public cloud because of human ability and demand of time.
The environment which mentioned above is still have lots of defects. Such as technology for moving private cloud to public cloud, the old system is not compatible with the system which cloud provider provided, etc.. Therefore, the research points out the problem above, with further research and experiment. Also, we test the proficiency, compatibility by our successfully moving virtual machine to Amazon EC2. By doing so, people will know the meaning of moving private cloud to public cloud, and also, knows how difference between it and original virtual machine which is Xen Architecture.
關鍵字(中) ★ 虛擬機
★ 雲端安全實驗平台(CSEP)
★ 遷移
★ 私有雲
★ 公有雲
關鍵字(英) ★ Virtual Machine
★ Cloud Security Experiment Platform(CSEP)
★ Migrate
★ Private Cloud
★ Public Cloud
論文目次 目錄
論文摘要............. i
Abstract .............. ii
誌 謝 辭........... iv
目錄................... v
圖目錄.............. vii
表目錄............ viii
1、緒論.............. 1
1-1 研究背景 ........ 1
1-2 動機與目的 ................ 4
1-3 研究貢獻 ........ 5
1-4 論文架構 ........ 5
2、文獻探討.................. 6
2-1 跨雲端虛擬機遷移的現況 ................ 6
2-1-1 遷移公有雲 ................. 7
2-1-2 目前雲端處於的階段 ............. 7
2-1-3 虛擬機遷移的用處 ................. 8
2-1-4 虛擬機遷移考量的因素 ....... 10
2-2 遷移研究整理 .......... 10
3、跨雲端虛擬機遷移實驗設計........ 12
3-1 遷移虛擬機工具 .................. 12
3-2 CSEP 與Xen 的關係 ............ 13
3-3 建構在Amazon EC2 上的CSEP 平台 ....... 13
3-4 遷移虛擬機的規劃 .............. 14
4、虛擬機遷移實驗................ 16
4-1 遷移實驗先備知識 .............. 16
4-2 遷移實驗過程 .......... 20
4-2-1 映像檔的格式轉換 ............... 20
4-2-2 壓縮和上傳遷移的映像檔案 ........... 21
4-2-3 註冊AMI .................. 24
5、討論............ 26
5-1 CSEP 導入Amazon EC2 的可行性 ............. 26
5-1-1 服務性質的差異 ....... 28
5-1-2 作業系統的限制 ....... 29
5-1-3 服務相容性 ............... 29
5-2 小結 .............. 31
6、結論與未來研究................ 32
6-1 研究結論與貢獻 .................. 32
6-2 研究限制 .................. 33
6-3 未來研究 .................. 34
參考文獻.......... 35
附錄A:Amazon 所提供的AMI ................. 39
附錄B:實驗中虛擬機所對應的kernel ID .............. 41
參考文獻 [1] Mayank Mishra,“Dynamic Resource Management UsingVirtual Machine Migrations,” IEEE Communications Magazine, 2012.
[2] Xiang Zhang,“Exploiting Data Deduplication to Accelerate Live Virtual Machine Migration,” IEEE International Conference on Cluster Computing, 2010.
[3] Strunk, A,“Costs of virtual machine live migration A survey,” IEEE Eighth World Congress on Date of Conference, 2012.
[4] Michael R. Hines,“Post-copy based live virtual machine migration using adaptive pre-paging and dynamic self-ballooning,” ACM SIGPLAN/SIGOPS , 2009.
[5] Christopher Clark,“Live Migration of Virtual Machines,” NSDI‘05 Proceedings of the 2nd conference on Symposium, 2005.
[6] Celesti, “How to Enhance Cloud Architectures to Enable Cross-Federation,”2010 IEEE 3rd International.
[7] Gloin,“A service-oriented framework for developing cross cloud migratable software,”2013 SciVerse ScienceDirect.
[8] Wei-Tek Tsai,“Service-Oriented Cloud Computing Architecture,”2010 Seventh International Conference on Information Technology.
[9] OpenStack,“OpenStack: An Overview,” 2012.
[10] Ubuntu,“OpenStack deployment starts here… ,”2012
[11] “Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud CLI Reference,” 2013. AWS Documentation
[12] Citrix Systems,“Cloud.com CloudStack Installation Guide,”2011
[13] S.Ried, H. Kisker, P. Matzke, A. Bartels, and M. Lisserman, “Sizing the cloud: Understanding and quantifying the future cloud computing,” in Forrester Research Report, 2011.
相關網站
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[15] “Migrating Your Virtual Debian 4.0 (Etch) From Xen to EC2,”2007.[Online]. Available: http://dysinger.net/
[16] Howie Yu,“Openstack 跟AWS EC2 的API相容性測試,”2012.[Online]. Available: http://lab.howie.tw/
[17] “Amazon EC2可以直接導入Vmware虛擬機,”2011.[Online]. Available: http://tech.qq.com/
[18] “Xen虛擬機遷移到AWS EC2,”2012.[Online]. Available: http://www.hyao.biz/
[19] 翟本喬,“企業用IaaS不只為省錢,還要創造商業價值”2012. [Online]. Available: www.ithome.com.tw/
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[22] kordless,“EC2 API Comparison Matrix,”2012. [Online]. Available: http://wiki.openstack.org/
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[37] 黃奕璽 “實體機/虛擬機的Linux 轉移至Amazon EC2, ” 2013. [Online]. Available: http://it5566.blogspot.tw/2013/06/amazon-ec2-amazonwindowsec2-linux-ec2.html
[38] “Xen虛擬機遷移至AWS EC2, ” 2012. [Online]. Available: http://hyao.biz/blog/2012/10/migrate-xen-vm-to-aws-ec2/
指導教授 陳奕明(Yi-ming Chen) 審核日期 2013-7-30
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