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姓名 蔡育暹(Yu-Hsien Tsai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 產業經濟研究所在職專班
論文名稱 台灣攤販業獲利決定因素-人力資本的影響
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摘要(中) 攤販業伴隨著台灣經濟成長與社會轉型也隨著一再的蛻變成長,是一個與國民消費、生活習慣密不可分的產業,同時也對於國家經濟有一定程度的影響。但因為攤販業的資料取得不易,所以在研究攤販業的文獻中少有探討造成攤販獲利差異之各項因素。本文透過取自行政院主計處於民國96~97年間『攤販經營概況調查報告』調查實施,回收的營業概況調查表合計4,576筆資料,進行OLS迴歸模型,分析探討影響攤販獲利的因素,尤其是人力資本對於攤販的績效影響。
研究之實證結果顯示,攤販的規模、每年的營業天數、業主性別、等各項在1%統計水準下均呈現顯著的正相關,隱含上述各項因素與攤販獲利是息息相關。而人力資本(業主受教育年數與經營攤販年數)也是攤販獲得利潤的關鍵因素之一,有經驗的攤販及受過國(初)中以上教育程度的業主,確實會有較高的利潤,但隨著學歷增高可獲得利潤卻未增多,所以基礎學校教育對於攤販業主是必須且有利獲利的,但更高的學歷並不見得是更有利於利潤的。至於經營食品類攤販及業主的年齡,在1%統計水準下,則是呈現顯著的負相關,代表年紀越大越不利於攤販的利潤獲得。而食品類攤販因為接近完全競爭之故,所以無法獲得超額利潤。
摘要(英) Along with the economic transformation and development, street vendors in Taiwan transform as well. This industry is close to our daily life and contributes to the national economy to a certain degree. Due to the limitation of available micro-level data, studies examining the determinants of Taiwanese vendors are absent, to our best knowledge. Using a unique survey data conducted by Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan between 2007 and 2008, this study aims to analyze factors that influence street vendors’ profits, especially the role of human capital.
This empirical results show that vendor size, operating days, and male owner are positive associated with vendor profit at the 1% statistical level. Besides, human capital in terms of owners’ education level and experience is one of the key factors of profits. Experienced street vendors and owners with junior high school certificate or above do make higher profits. However, profits may not increase with higher educational level. Therefore, basic schooling is essential and contributes to profit, while higher educated degree does not guarantee to have a higher profit in the vendor industry. Owners’ ages of food vendors are negatively correlated to vendor profit. That represents the older the owner is, the less profits the owner makes. Food street vendors are near the perfect competition, so they cannot make supernormal profits
關鍵字(中) ★ 攤販獲利因素
★ 人力資本
關鍵字(英) ★ factors of street vendor profits
★ human capital
論文目次 目 錄
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究方法與資料來源 3
第四節 本文架構 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
第一節 攤販經營績效的研究 5
第二節 人力資本對微型企業績效的影響 10
第三章 台灣攤販的發展與現況分析 14
第一節 台灣攤販業的發展 14
第二節 台灣攤販的分析 15
第四章 實證模型與資料來源 21
第一節 攤販的資料來源 21
第二節 實證模型設定 21
第三節 變數的敘述統計 26
第五章 實證估計結果與分析 34
第六章 結論 44
第一節 本研究結果 44
第二節 研究限制與建議 45
參考文獻 46
中文文獻 46
英文文獻 47
參考文獻 參考文獻
中文文獻
王振霄 (2005),台北市攤販管理政策之研究,國立台灣師範大學政治學研究所,
未出版碩士論文
吳豐山 楊美鈴 余騰芳(2010) 攤販輔導管理問題專案調查研究報告
戴伯芬(1994), 誰做攤販?-台灣攤販的歷史形構,台灣社會研究, 17期, 121-148.
詹月雲(2002) 觀光夜市發展之課題與對策探討─以高雄六合觀光夜市為例
廖文正;林正生(2013)以分析網絡程序法探討中壢新明觀光夜市之發展, 桃園創
新學報 第三十二期
吳蕙君(2011), 台灣攤販的經濟分析實證(1988-2008), 暨南大學經濟系未出版碩士論文
謝英俊(1997),台灣地區攤販之空間研究,中國文化大學地學研究所地理組未
出版碩士論文。
英文文獻
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指導教授 楊志海、劉錦龍
(Chih-Hai Yang、Jin-Long LIU)
審核日期 2013-7-22
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