博碩士論文 100521101 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:4 、訪客IP:35.175.201.14
姓名 李曉昀(Hsiao-Yun Li)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 基於全通網路之類比式及數位式相位偏移器
(Analog and Digital Phase Shifters Based on All-Pass Networks)
相關論文
★ 分佈式類比相位偏移器之設計與製作★ 以可變電容與開關為基礎之可調式匹配網路應用於功率放大器效率之提升
★ 全通網路相位偏移器之設計與製作★ 使用可調式負載及面積縮放技巧提升功率放大器之效率
★ 應用於無線個人區域網路系統之低雜訊放大器設計與實現★ 應用於極座標發射機之高效率波包放大器與功率放大器
★ 數位家庭無線資料傳輸系統之壓控振盪器設計與實現★ 鐵電可變電容之設計與製作
★ 用於功率放大器效率提升之鐵電基可調式匹配網路★ 使用鐵電可變電容及PIN二極體之頻率可調天線
★ 具鐵電可變電容之積體被動元件製程及其應用於微波相位偏移器之製作★ 使用磁耦合全通網路之寬頻四位元 CMOS相位偏移器
★ 具矽基板貫孔之鐵電可變電容的製作與量測★ 矽基板貫孔的製作和量測
★ 使用鐵電可變電容之頻率可調微帶貼片天線★ 具矽基板貫孔之鐵電可變電容及矽化鉻薄膜電阻的製作與量測
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本論文使用全通網路的架構設計類比式與數位式相位偏移器。我們利用增加電路階數可提升頻寬的概念來解決單級全通相位偏移器頻寬較窄的問題。本論文包含兩個電路,分別為:利用鐵電可變電容實現之類比式全通相位偏移器及使用TSMC 0.18-μm CMOS 製程實現之六位元寬頻全通相位偏移器。
基於本實驗室發展之鐵電薄膜可變電容製程,我們設計並製作一類比式全通相位偏移器。量測結果顯示,當鐵電可變電容偏壓至10 V時,單級全通網路的相位偏移量可達85°以上。而在相位偏移量最大的頻率之植入損耗小於2 dB及返回損耗大於12 dB。我們使用MATLAB模擬軟體,將單級全通相位偏移器之S參數量測結果,串接為四級全通相位偏移器之模擬結果,其相位偏移量最大值可達180°,且從2.1 GHz到3.25 GHz之相位誤差皆小於±3°,頻寬為43%。
另外,論文中分析了單級與兩級使用內接切換式電容之全通網路,並利用分析之結果設計一全差動式六位元相位偏移器。其中,180°的相位偏移器使用SPDT開關實現,而 90°及45°的相位偏移器是使用兩級全通網路內接切換式電容的架構實現。最後三個位元是使用單級全通類比式相位偏移器所實現,其中包含三位元的數位式可變電阻,用來等效三位元數位式相位偏移器。量測結果顯示,從2.19 GHz到2.82 GHz,均方根相位誤差均小於2°,相對應的頻寬為25%。在頻寬範圍內,返回損耗均大於9.2 dB,振幅誤差在±1 dB之內。在2.4 GHz時,其平均植入損耗為14.6 dB。
本論文成功設計及實現基於全通網路之類比式與數位式相位偏移器,同時展現以多級全通網路實現寬頻與低相位誤差之相位偏移器的潛力。
摘要(英) In this thesis, analog and digital phase shifters are designed based on all-pass networks. Cascading multiple stages of all-pass networks is adopted as a remedy for their narrow phase-shift bandwidth. Two wideband and low-phase-error phase shifters are covered in this work: analog phase shifter using ferroelectric varactors and digital phase shifter with 6-bit resolution in TSMC 0.18-μm CMOS process. Both of them are designed based on all-pass networks.
Based on the ferroelectric thin-film varactor process developed at National Central University, we design and fabricate analog all-pass phase shifters. Measurement results show that maximum phase shift of more than 85° is achieved with a single-stage ferroelectric-based all-pass phase shifter when biased at 10 V. At the frequency where maximum phase shift occurs, the insertion loss is less than 2 dB and the return loss is greater than 12 dB. Based on the measured scattering parameters of single-stage all-pass phase shifter, a four-stage all-pass phase shifter is simulated. Simulation results show that maximum phase shift of 180° can be achieved whereas the phase error is within ±3° between 2.1 GHz and 3.25 GHz, which translates to 43% bandwidth.
Besides, in this thesis, single-stage and two-stage all-pass networks with internal switched capacitors are analyzed. Based on the analysis, a fully-differential digital phase shifter with 6-bit resolution is designed. The 180° phase-shifting bit in the phase shifter is realized using a pair of SPDT switches. The 90° and 45° bits are designed using the two-stage all-pass phase shifter analyzed in this work. The three least significant bits are implemented using an analog single-stage all-pass phase shifter along with a 3-bit digital potentiometer. Measurement results show that the rms phase error is less than 2° from 2.19 GHz to 2.82 GHz, corresponding to a bandwidth of 25%. Within the frequency range, the return losses are greater than 9.2 dB and the amplitude error is within ±1 dB. At 2.4 GHz, the average insertion loss is 14.6 dB.
In conclusion, we successfully demonstrate the potential of using all-pass networks for designing wideband and low-phase-error analog and digital phase shifters.
關鍵字(中) ★ 相位偏移器
★ 全通網路
★ 鐵電可變電容
★ 寬頻
★ 相位誤差
關鍵字(英) ★ Phase Shifter
★ All-Pass Network
★ Ferroelectric Capacitor
★ Band-Width
★ Phase Error
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1–1 研究動機 1
1–2 文獻回顧 3
1–3 全通網路 5
1–4 論文架構 7
第二章 使用鐵電可變電容實現之類比式全通相位偏移器 8
2–1 簡介 8
2–2 可變電容技術 9
2–3 單級全通網路相位偏移器 11
2–3–1 設計流程 11
2–3–2 電路製程與實作 15
2–3–3 模擬與量測結果 18
2–4 多級全通網路設計之寬頻相位偏移器 27
2–4–1 電路架構 27
2–4–2 模擬結果 27
2–5 可個別偏壓之全通相位偏移器 29
2–6 結論 35
第三章 使用CMOS製程實現之數位式全通相位偏移器 37
3–1 簡介 37
3–2 理論分析 38
3–2–1 使用內接切換式電容之單級全通相位偏移器 38
3–2–2 串接兩級全通網路之相位偏移器 41
3–3 電路設計 46
3–3–1 180° 相位偏移器 47
3–3–2 90°與45° 相位偏移器 48
3–3–3 類比式相位偏移器 50
3–4 電路模擬及量測結果 53
3–4–1 量測結果 53
3–4–2 模擬、量測與重新模擬結果比較 59
3–5 結論 72
第四章 結論 74
參考文獻 76
參考文獻 [1] M. Kumar, R. J. Menna, and H.-C. Huang, “Broad-band active phase shifter using dual-gate MESFET,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. MTT-29, no. 10, pp. 1098–1102, Oct. 1981.
[2] S. J. Kim and N. H. Myung, “A new active phase shifter using a vector sum method,” IEEE Microw. Guided Wave Lett., vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 233–235, Mar. 2000.
[3] K.-J. Koh, and G. M. Rebeiz, “0.13-μm CMOS phase shifters for X-, Ku-, and K-band phased arrays,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 42, no. 11, pp. 2535–2546, Nov. 2007.
[4] K.-J. Koh and G. M. Rebeiz, “A 6-18 GHz 5-bit active phase shifter,” in IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., May 2010, pp. 792–795.
[5] A. Asoodeh and M. Atarodi, “A full 360° vector-sum phase shifter with very low rms phase error over a wide bandwidth,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1626–1634, Jun. 2012.
[6] A. S. Nagra and R. A. York, “Distributed analog phase shifters with low insertion loss,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 1705–1711, Sep. 1999.
[7] N. S. Barker and G. M. Rebeiz, “Optimization of distributed MEMS transmission-line phase shifters—U-band and W-band designs,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 1957–1966, Nov. 2000.
[8] B. Acikel, T. R. Taylor, P. J. Hansen, J. S. Speck, and R. A. York, “A new high performance phase shifter using BaxSr1?xTiO3 thin films,”IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 237–239, Jul. 2002.
[9] F. Ellinger, H. Jackel, and W. B‥achtold, “Varactor-loaded transmission-line phase shifter at C-band using lumped elements,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 1135–1140, Apr. 2003.
[10] A.-L. Franc, O. H. Karabey, G. Rehder, E. Pistono, R. Jakoby, and P. Ferrari, “Compact and broadband millimeter-wave electrically tunable phase shifter combining slow-wave effect with liquid crystal technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 61, no. 11, pp. 3905–3915, Nov. 2013.
[11] R. H. Hardin, E. J. Downey, and J. Munushian, “Electronically-variable phase shifters utilizing variable capacitance diodes,” Proc. IRE (Correspondence), vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 944–945, May 1960.
[12] S. Lucyszyn and I. D. Robertson, “Decade bandwidth hybrid analogue phase shifter using MMIC reflection terminations,” Electron. Lett., vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1064–1065, May 1992.
[13] F. Ellinger, R. Vogt, and W. B‥achtold, “Compact reflective-type phase-shifter MMIC for C-band using a lumped-element coupler,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 913–917, May 2001.
[14] D. Adler and R. Popovich, “Broadband switched-bit phase shifter using all-pass networks,” in IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Jul. 1991, pp. 265–268.
[15] D.-W. Kang, H. D. Lee, C.-H. Kim, and S. Hong, “Ku-band MMIC phase shifter using a parallel resonator with 0.18-μm CMOS technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 294–301, Jan. 2006.
[16] I. J. Bahl and D. Conway, “L- and S-band compact octave bandwidth 4-bit MMIC phase shifters,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 56, no. 2, pp. 293–299, Feb. 2008.
[17] M. Hangai, M. Hieda, N. Yunoue, Y. Sasaki, and M. Miyazaki, “S- and C-band ultra-compact phase shifters based on all-pass networks,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 41–47, Jan. 2010.
[18] M. Meghdadi, M. Azizi, M. Kiani, A. Medi, and M. Atarodi, “A 6-bit CMOS phase shifter for S-band,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 3519–3526, Dec. 2010.
[19] Q. Xiao, “A compact L-band broadband 6-bit mmic phase shifter with low phase error,” in Proc. Eur. Microw. Integr. Circuits Conf., Oct. 2011, pp. 410–413.
[20] X. Tang and K. Mouthaan, “Design of large bandwidth phase shifters using common mode all-pass networks,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 55–57, Feb. 2012.
[21] S. Darlington, “Realization of a constant phase difference,” Bell Syst. Tech. J., vol. 29, pp. 94–104, Jan. 1950.
[22] S. D. Bedrosian, “Normalized design of 90° phase-difference networks,” IRE Trans. Circuit Theory, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 128–136, Jun. 1960.
[23] L.-Y. V. Chen, R. Forse, A. H. Cardona, T. C. Watson, and R. York, “Compact analog phase shifters using thin-film (Ba,Sr)TiO3 varactors,” in IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig., Jun. 2007, pp. 667–670.
[24] D. Kim, Y. Choi, M. Ahn, M. G. Allen, J. S. Kenney and P. Marry, “2.4 GHz continuously variable ferroelectric phase shifters using all-pass networks” IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett., vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 434–436, Oct. 2003.
[25] W. -C. Chen, “Design and fabrication of phase shifters based on all-pass network,” Master dissertation, National Central University, 2011.
[26] S. Gevorgian, Ferroelectrics in Microwave Devices, Circuits and Systems: Physics, Modeling, Fabrication and Measurements. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2009.
[27] J.-S. Fu, “Adaptive impedance matching circuits based on ferroelectric and semiconductor varactors,” Ph. D. dissertation, The University of Michigan, 2009.
[28] S.-C. Chen, “Design and fabrication of ferroelectric varactors,” Master dissertation, National Central University, 2013.
[29] W. Fan, A. Lu, L. L. Wai, and B. K. Lok, “Mixed-mode S-parameter characterization of differential structures,” in Proc. IEEE 5th Electron. Packag. Technol. Conf., Dec. 2003, pp. 533–537.
[30] J.-S. Fu, X. A. Zhu, J. D. Phillips, and A. Mortazawi, “Improving the linearity of ferroelectric-based microwave tunable circuits,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 354–360, February 2007.
[31] C. Huang, K. Buisman, L. K. Nanver, F. Sarubbi, M. Popadi ?c, T. L. M. H. Schellevis, L. E. Larson, and L. C. N. de Vreede, “A 67 dBm OIP3 mul-tistacked junction varactor,” IEEE Microw. Wireless Comp. Lett., vol. 18, no. 11, pp. 749–751, November 2008.
[32] Z. Zhao, X. Wang, K. Choi, C. Lugo, and A. T. Hunt, “Ferroelectric phase shifters at 20 and 30 GHz” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 430–437, February 2007.
[33] H.-Y. Li, S.-C. Chen, and J.-S. Fu, “Broadband analog phase shifter based onmulti-stage all-pass networks.” IEICE Electronics Express, vol. 10, no. 15, August 2013.
[34] H.-Y. Li, S.-C. Chen, and J.-S. Fu, “Ferroelectric thin-film integrated capacitor and its application in radio-frequency phase shifter design,” 2013 IEEE Electrical Design of Advanced Packaging and Systems Symposium, Nara, Japan, December 2013.
指導教授 傅家相(Jia-Shiang Fu) 審核日期 2014-6-26
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明