博碩士論文 101221016 詳細資訊




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姓名 林彥廷(Yen-ting Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 數學系
論文名稱
(Vector Fields With Given Vorticity, Divergence And The Normal Trace)
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摘要(中) 對於一般的向量值函數$u$,我們有$u = curl w + abla p$的分解。我們證明了當函數$u$的旋度、散度與邊界法向量在三維球上給定並滿足可解條件時,$u$的存在性與唯一性。我們先考慮了在三維的全空間和上半空間對應問題之情況及求解方法,並從這些方法推得在三維的球上這個特殊情形下,另一種建構解的方式和一個與橢圓方程正則理論相似的正則性理論。
摘要(英) For a general vector-valued function $u$, we have the decomposition $u = curl w + abla p$. We proved the existence and uniqueness of $u$ when its vorticity, divergence and normal trace are prescribed in the unit ball of $bR^3$ under the assumption that the solvability condition holds. We start from solving for the velocity for the case that the domain under consideration is $bR^3$ or $bR^3_+$, and learn from this experience to provide another approach of constructing the solution and prove a regularity theory similar to the elliptic regularity theory.
關鍵字(中) ★ 向量場
★ 旋度
★ 散度
★ 邊界條件
關鍵字(英) ★ vector field
★ vorticity
★ divergence
★ boundary condition
論文目次 中文摘要. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
英文摘要. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
謝誌. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
目錄. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
1、Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 1
1-1 The Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1-2 Previous Works . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 2
1-3 Reduction of the Problem . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 3
1-4 The case Ω = R3 or R3_+. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-4-1 The case Ω = R3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1-4-2 The case Ω = R3_+ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1-5 The Main Theorem . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1-6 Outlines . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2、Function Spaces and Mathematical Tools . . . . . . . . 8
2-1 The Sobolev Space Hs(Ω) and Some of Its Properties . 8
2-2 Lax-Milgram Theorem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2-3 Poincaré-type inequality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
2-4 Commutation with mollifiers . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2-5 The Piola Identity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3、A Transfomation of the Origianl Problem . . . . . . . 14
3-1 Differential operators in spherical coordinate . . . 14
3-2 An Equivalent Problem of Equation (1.5) . . . .. . . 15
3-2-1 The boundary conditions . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 16
3-3 The Weak Formulation of Equation (3.8) . . . . . . 16
3-4 The Existence and Uniqueness of the Weak Solution to Equation(3.8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
4、Existence, Uniqueness and Regularity of the Solution to (1.1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4-1 The Regularity of w . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4-1-1 Interior estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
4-1-2 Boundary estimates of ∂ ℓ in normal direction . . 20
4-1-3 Boundary estimates of ∂ ℓ in tangential direction 25
4-1-4 Full gradient estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
4-2 The weak solution w to (3.8) has zero divergence . . 27
4-3 The Proof of the Main Theorem . . . . . .. . . . . . 28
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
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[9] Hideo Kozono and Taku Yanagisawa. Lr-variational inequality for vector fields
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Math. J., 58(4):1853–1920, 2009.
[10] Mitchell A. R. Neittaanmäki P., Saranen J. Finite element approximation of
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[11] Günter Schwarz. Hodge decomposition—a method for solving boundary value
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指導教授 鄭經斅 審核日期 2014-8-29
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