博碩士論文 101230008 詳細資訊




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姓名 許家碩(Chia Shuo Hsu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 生物物理研究所
論文名稱 麥角固醇對含膽固醇的脂雙層膜的影響
相關論文
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摘要(中) 膽固醇(cholesterol)和麥角固醇(ergosterol)的結構相似,然而有些研究指出膽固醇和麥角固醇對脂雙層膜的影響不同。在有些細胞膜中發現同時含有膽固醇及麥角固醇,如釀酒酵母菌的粒腺體。因此我們想了解含有膽固醇與麥角固醇的脂雙層膜的特性為何。我們利用核磁共振(2H NMR)以及螢光顯微術來研究不飽和脂質、飽和脂質、膽固醇以及麥角固醇所組成人造膜的物理性質。核磁共振則藉由氘化不飽和脂質分子的sn-1碳氫鏈,得以測量脂質膜的相行為和脂質膜的有序程度。螢光顯微術藉由螢光分子(NBD-DOPE)標示液態無序相(liquid disorder, ld),以探討人造膜的表面形態。我們固定不飽和/飽和脂質的莫耳數比改變膽固醇/麥角固醇的莫耳數比作一系列的量測。我們也改變溫度進行一系列的量測。觀察到在相同溫度下,含膽固醇的脂雙層膜處於 lo 態,加入ergosterol會促進ld態的產生,增加ergosterol的含量,ld態含量增加,使得脂雙層膜有序程度減少。對於每種脂質膜,溫度升高,也會使脂雙層膜有序程度減少。
摘要(英) The structure of cholesterol and ergosterol are similar, whereas the effect of cholesterol and ergosterol on lipid bilayer is different. Some cell membranes contain both cholesterol and ergosterol, such as the mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. How ergosterol affects the properties cholesterol-containing lipid bilayers is of interest. In this work, we have studied the physical properties of model membranes containing unsaturated lipid, saturated lipid, cholesterol, and ergosterol using deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance (2H-NMR) and fluorescence microscopy.In the NMR experiment, unsaturated lipids were deuterium labeled. The phase behavior and membrane order then can be observed.The morphology of model membranes was observed by fluorescence microscopy. The fluorescent probe NBD-DOPE, presumably participate into the disordered phases, is used.The measurements were performed as a function of cholesterol/ergosterol molar ratio by fixing the molar ratio of unsaturated to saturated lipids.The measurements were also performed as a function of temperature. Addition of ergosterol to the cholesterol-containing lipid bilayers, which is in the lo phase for a given temperature,produces the ld phase. The fraction of the ld phase increases as the ergosterol increases, resulting in the decrease of membrane order. Furthermore, it is observed that for each membrane composition, the membrane order decreases with increasing temperature.
關鍵字(中) ★ 麥角固醇
★ 膽固醇
★ 核磁共振儀
★ 人造細胞膜
關鍵字(英) ★ NMR
★ POPC
★ DPPC
★ ergosterol
★ cholesterol
論文目次 提要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目 VI
表目 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 細胞膜結構 1
1.2 脂質分子 2
1.3 膜的相行為 4
1.4 脂質筏(Lipid rafts) 5
1.5 POPC/DPPC/ergosterol 及 POPC/DPPC/cholesterol 的相關研究 6
1.6 POPC/DPPC/ergosterol/cholesterol 人造細胞膜 7
第二章 實驗方法與材料 9
2.1 螢光顯微鏡 9
2.1.1 螢光發光原理 9
2.1.2 螢光探劑(Fluorescence probe) 10
2.1.3 螢光顯微術原理 11
2.1.4 GUV製備 14
2.1.5 lo 態面積比率分析 17
2.2 Deuterium Nuclear Magnetic Resonance(2H NMR) 19
2.2.1 2H NMR 原理 19
2.2.2 電四極交互作用 21
2.2.3 粉狀光譜(Powder Spectrum) 22
2.2.4 特徵光譜 24
2.2.5 First Moment(M1) 25
2.2.6 MLV製備 26
第三章 實驗結果與討論 28
3.1 螢光實驗與2H NMR 量測上之相變溫度差異 28
3.2 (1:1POPC-d31/DPPC)+33mol%(chol/erg)脂質膜之
2H NMR實驗 29
3.3 脂質膜的形態隨著 ergosterol 濃度的變化 33
3.3.1 明視野與螢光影像 33
3.3.2 (1:1 POPC/DPPC)+33 mol%(chol/erg)脂質膜的
形態 35
第四章 結論 47
參考文獻 49
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[33]尚未公開論文
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指導教授 薛雅薇 審核日期 2015-7-28
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