博碩士論文 101232012 詳細資訊




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姓名 莊欣蓓(Hsin-pei Chuang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 以同調結構照明顯微術進行散射樣本解析度之提升
(Resolution improvement in scattering samples based on coherent structured illumination microscopy.)
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摘要(中) 光學顯微鏡具備了非侵入式量測之優點,所以被廣泛應用在生物、材料等領域中可用來觀測與度量,但遠場光學顯微技術會受到光的波動性之影響,使得橫向解析度大約只能達到波長的一半,隨著科技越來越進步,對於光學顯微技術解析能力的要求也逐漸提高。
本文將會簡介目前最普遍使用的遠場超解析度顯微術-結構照明顯微術,與其影像的重建原理,因傳統式結構照明顯微術只能觀測具有螢光特性的樣本,所以開發出一套散射式結構照明顯微技術並搭配新的演算法,不但能提升顯微系統的解析度,對於樣本也無光破壞之問題,本系統主要是運用兩道平行光在像平面上作干涉,產生出具有結構性的照明光來激發樣品,藉由取得不同條紋方向及相位的散射影像來解出高頻率資訊,利用我們所架設之系統來觀察金奈米粒子,解析度僅能獲得1.2倍的提升,與理論值為1.44倍有些落差,將會在本文中探討實驗誤差的因素。
摘要(英) Optical microscopies have been applied widely for observations and measurements in fields of biology, materials, etc., mainly because of its non-invasive nature. However, the wave properties of light have limited the lateral resolutions of far-field optical microscopies to half of its excitation wavelength. Yet, as technology has greatly advanced, the expectations for the resolving power of optical microscopies have also grown a lot higher.
This article will introduce “Structured Illumination Microscopy (SIM),” a commonly applied far-field and super-resolution microscopy technique, and the principles of its image reconstruction.Since conventional structured illumination microscopies can only be used to observe samples with fluorescent properties, we’ve set up a coherent structured illumination microscopy system, and with the use of a phase-step algorithm, not only will the system’s resolution improve, it will also prevent photo bleaching in samples. In our system, a structured illumination pattern is produced by having two parallel lights interfere on the image plane, which is then used to excite the sample. And by obtaining the scattering images of different pattern directions and phases, we can solve the high frequency information. After setting up the system, we observed gold-nanoparticles, yet the resolution is enhanced only up to a factor of 1.2, which doesn’t match up with the theoretical value, 1.44. We will discuss the reasons of experimental errors later in this thesis.
關鍵字(中) ★ 解析度
★ 同調
★ 結構照明顯微術
★ 顯微術
關鍵字(英) ★ resolution
★ coherent
★ structured illumination microscopy
★ microscopy
論文目次 摘要…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………i
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………ii
致謝……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………iii
目錄…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………v
圖表索引……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………vii
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究目的與動機………………………………………………………………………………………………………1
1.2 光學顯微術簡述………………………………………………………………………………………………………2
1.2.1超解析技術簡介……………………………………………………………………………………………………4
1.2.2結構照明顯微系統之文獻回顧…………………………………………………………………………7
1.3 論文大綱……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………12
第二章 原理簡介………………………………………………………………………………………………13
2.1 成像原理……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………13
2.2同調成像與非同調成像的比較……………………………………………………………………………15
2.2.1非同調成像……………………………………………………………………………………………………………16
2.2.2同調成像…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………18
2.3 傳統結構照明顯微術……………………………………………………………………………………………20
2.3.1基本概念…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………20
2.3.2理論推導…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………23
2.4 散射式結構照明顯微術………………………………………………………………………………………26
2.4.1背景介紹…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27
2.4.2理論推導…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27
第三章 系統裝置 ……………………………………………………………………………………………31
3.1 實驗架構……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………31
3.2模擬結果………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………36
第四章 實驗結果與分析………………………………………………………………………………………………42
4.1金奈米粒子…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………42
4.2超解析影像…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………42
4.3數據分析………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………45
第五章 結論………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………50
第六章 參考資料……………………………………………………………………………………………………………52
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指導教授 陳思妤(Szu-yu Chen) 審核日期 2015-1-20
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