博碩士論文 101323029 詳細資訊

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姓名 劉耀之(Yao-Chih Liu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 以塊狀金屬玻璃和其複材製作骨科鑽頭及其鑽孔能力之研究
(Fabrication and Evaluation of Drill Ability for the Orthopedic Drill Bits Made of Bulk Metallic Glasses and Composites)
★ 鋯基與鋯銅基金屬玻璃薄膜應用於7075-T6航空用鋁合金疲勞性質提升之研究★ 非 晶 質 合 金 手 術 刀 與 非 晶 質 合 金 鍍 膜 手 術 刀 之 銳 利 度 研 究
★ 凝膠濃度對胎盤幹細胞貼附及分化之影響★ 以急冷旋鑄法及機械冶金法製備Zn4Sb3熱電塊材及其熱電性質之研究
★ 添加Ti顆粒對MgZnCa非晶質合金之機械性質研究★ 不同製程對鋯基非晶質合金破裂韌性影響之研究
★ 硼碳元素對鐵基非晶質鋼材玻璃形成能力、熱性質及切削性質影響之研究★ 摻雜銀或銀銅氮氧化鉭薄膜之製備、特性分析及抗菌行為分析
★ 以反應式磁控濺鍍製備Ag2O/TiO2疊層薄膜及其特性之研究★ 鋯銅基塊狀金屬玻璃複材和鋯基塊狀金屬 多孔材之製作及其性質分析之研究
★ 添加鉭顆粒與球狀鈦合金對鎂鋅鈣非晶質合金機械性質影響之研究★ 高速火焰熔射製備鐵基非晶質合金塗層及其耐磨耗性與抗腐蝕性之研究
★ 不同製程對鋯-銅-鋁非晶質合金內析出ZrCu B2相分布及其機械性質影響之研究★ 以微陽極導引電鍍法沉積奈米氧化鋅薄膜
★ Fabrication and Characterization of Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) Thin Film by Plasma Polymerization★ Effects of Diluted Ar in H2/SiH4 on Amorphous Hydrogenated Silicon Thin Film (i-layer) by an Inductive Coupled Plasma-Chemical Vapor Deposition (ICP-CVD) System
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摘要(中) 隨著金屬玻璃及金屬玻璃複合材料的發展,本研究致力於塊狀金屬玻璃應用於生醫器械之開發,首先選定了具有極佳玻璃形成能力及良好熱穩定性的鋯基金屬玻璃Zr48Cu35.3Al8Ag8Si0.7,並使用額外添加法加入百分之十體積百分率、粒徑大小約5至30微米的鉭顆粒,使其成為非晶質複合材料。另外還選用了具有良好玻璃形成能力、熱穩定性佳、同時具有高比強度的Ti40Zr10Cu36Pd14。最後則是選用了Zr53Cu30Al8Nb4.5Pd4.5,此成分不僅繼承了鋯基優異的玻璃形成能力及熱穩定性,還去除了應用於生醫用材料會誘發過敏的鎳。
摘要(英) As the development of bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) and bulk metallic glass composites (BMGCs) grows, this study focus on the application as biomaterials. Three compositions: Zr48Cu35.3Al8Ag8Si0.7 with 10 vol. % ex-situ Ta powder, Ti40Zr10Cu36Pd14, and Zr53Cu30Al8Nb4.5Pd4.5 have been chosen. Choosing the Zr-based composite is due to its good glass forming ability (GFA), high thermal stability, and the enhance plasticity for better formability of machining. The Ti40Zr10Cu36Pd14 has relatively high specific strength, and great corrosion resistance. Zr53Cu30Al8Nb4.5Pd4.5 not only keeps the great GFA and thermal stability from Zr-based series, but also exclude the harmful element: Nickel which may cause irritation.
In this study, the characteristic of BMGC properties has been characterized. Furthermore, the as-cast BMGC rods are also manufactured into orthopedic drill bits. A compression device by revers pulling is designed for the drilling test. Through the drill testing and morphology examination of the drill bits, the BMGC drill bits will compare with the commercial surgical drill bit to realize their difference.
From the result we can find the surgical drill bit made by BMGC takes lower loading while drilling the real bone. The wear of BMG or BMGC materials is less, too. Though some of the hardness of BMG is lower than commercial martensitic stainless steel, the performance is still better.
關鍵字(中) ★ 塊狀金屬玻璃
★ 生醫材料
★ 骨科鑽頭
關鍵字(英) ★ Bulk Metallic Glasses
★ Biomaterial
★ Orthopedic Drill Bit
論文目次 摘要 i
English Abstract ii
致謝 iii
List of Contents iv
List of Figures vii
List of Tables x

Chapter One
1-1 Introduction 1
1-2 Motivation 3
Chapter Two
Background and Literature Review
2-1 Bulk Metallic Glasses 4
2-2 Glass Forming Ability 8
2-2-1 Empirical Rules 8
2-2-2 Indexes of Glass Forming Ability 9
2-2-3 Atomic Radius Effect 12
2-2-4 Minor Addition 13
2-2-5 Bulk Metallic Glass Composites 14
2-3 Manufacture of Bulk Metallic Glasses 15
2-4 Characteristic of Bulk Metallic Glasses 18
2-4-1 Mechanical Properties 18
2-4-2 Corrosion Resistance and Biocompatibility 20

Chapter Three
Experimental Method
3-1 Experiment Procedure 21
3-2 Materials and Sample Preparation 22
3-3 Suction Casting 23
3-4 Characterization 26
3-4-1 Thermal Analyses 26
3-4-2 X–ray Diffraction Analyses 26
3-4-3 Density Measurement 26
3-4-4 Microhardness 27
3-4-5 Scanning Electron Microscopy 27
3-4-6 Energy Dispersive Spectrometer 27
3-5 Drilling Test 28

Chapter Four
Results and Discussion
4-1 Sample Preparations 31
4-2 Thermal Analyses 32
4-3 X-ray Diffraction Analyses 36
4-4 Density Measurement 37
4-5 Mechanical Property 38
4-5-1 Microhardness 38
4-5-2 Compression Test 38
4-5-3 Friction Test 40


4-6 Scanning Electron Microscopy 41
4-6-1 EDS Analyses 41
4-6-2 SEM Observation 42
4-7 Drilling test 47
4-8 Observation of Drill Bits 52

Chapter Five
Conclusion 65

Chapter Six
Reference 66
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指導教授 鄭憲清、李泉
(Jason Shian-Ching、Jang Chuan Li)
審核日期 2014-7-24
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