博碩士論文 101324054 詳細資訊




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姓名 吳采羚(Tsai-Ling Wu)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 硫化錫粉體作為鋰離子電池陽極活性材料的效能與穩定性研究
(Synthesis and Characterization of SnS2 Anode Material for Li ion battery)
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摘要(中) 本實驗中藉由水熱法以及溶劑熱法,改變反應溶劑製備出具有不同表面形貌之SnS2粉體,由乙二醇以及水所製備出的粉體均為奈米結構組成的聚集體,而使用乙醇所製備出的粉體是由厚度約60-70 nm的奈米盤所組成之3D層狀微米結構。相較於前面兩種粉末(乙二醇以及水) ,此種微米結構能有效舒緩鋰離子嵌入-嵌出過程中,所產生的巨大體積膨脹。於300 mA/g (0.47 C) 的定電流下,反覆充放電100圈後,仍可提供414 mAh/g的可逆電容量,其維持率約為76 %。
  使用乙醇做為反應溶劑,當反應溫度降至100 oC時,可有效的減少3D層狀結構之奈米盤的厚度,其厚度約為20-40 nm;不僅可以緩和鋰離子嵌入過程中所造成的體積膨脹且可降低內阻,改善在高速下的電化學性能;於300 mA/g (0.47 C) 的定電流下,反覆充放電100圈後,仍可提供460 mAh/g的可逆電容量,其維持率高達84 %以及在5000 mA/g (7.75 C) 的快充速度下,可提供285 mAh/g之可逆電容量。因此擁有3D層狀結構以及有效減少奈米盤的厚度,可有效提升SnS2之電化學性能。
摘要(英) As energy storage devices, lithium-ion batteries are extremely important power sources for various portable electronic devices and electric vehicles in modern society. Tin sulfide (SnS2) is low-cost, low toxicity, and high capacities (theoretical capacity:645 mAh/g), it has become one of the most promising anode materials to replace the already commercialized graphite (theoretical capacity:372 mAh/g) in the next generation of lithium ion batteries, and has attracted intensive research interest. Unfortunately, the main drawback of this system stems from the poor conductivity and a drastic pulverization problem due to the large volume change during the lithiation/delithiation process, leading to a high level of irreversibility (i.e, low columbic efficiency) and poor cycle life.
  In this study, the different surface morphology of SnS2 powders is prepared by a simple hydrothermal and solvothermal route with different solvents. The powders which use ethylene glycol and DI water as solvent are nanostructures composed of aggregates. However, the powder which uses ethanol as solvent shows many 3D flowerlike microspheres with diameter of 1-2 μm that are composed of hundreds of nanosheets with thicknesses of 60¬-70 nm. Compared to previous two powders, the 3D flowerlike microspheres with hundreds of nanosheets can alleviate the volume change during the lithiation/delithiation process. At a constant current of 300 mA/g (0.47 C) , the 3D flowerlike microspheres exhibit reversible capacity of 414 mAh/g after 100 cycles with the retention of 76 %.
  The powder which uses ethanol as solvent synthesized at 100 oC, can effectively reduce thickness of nanosheets with 20-40 nm. It not only can alleviate the volume change during the lithiation/delithiation process but also reduce the internal resistance, improving the electrochemical performance at high C-rate. At a constant current of 300 mA/g (0.47 C) , it exhibits reversible capacity of 460 mAh/g after 100 cycles with the retention of 84 %.And at a high constant current of 5000 mA/g (7.75 C) , it can provide the reversible capacity of 285 mAh/g. Therefore, both of the 3D flowerlike microspheres structure and a decrease of thickness can improve the electrochemical performance.
關鍵字(中) ★ 硫化錫
★ 鋰離子電池
★ 水熱法
★ 溶劑熱法
關鍵字(英) ★ Tin Sulfide
★ lithium-ion batteries
★ hydrothermal
★ solvothermal
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究動機 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1 鋰離子二次電池的發展 4
2-2 鋰離子二次電池組成以及工作原理 5
2-2-1 鋰離子二次電池的工作原理 5
2-2-2 鋰離子二次電池之正極材料 9
2-2-3 鋰離子二次電池之電解液 12
2-2-4 鋰離子二次電池之隔離膜 12
2-2-5 鋰離子二次電池之負極材料 13
2-3 鋰離子二次電池負極材料SnS2之性質及發展近況 22
2-4 鋰離子二次電池負極材料SnS2之合成方法 34
2-4-1 水熱法與溶劑熱法之簡介 34
2-4-2 水熱及溶劑熱法之合成原理 34
2-4-3 水熱法以及溶劑熱法製備粉體的優點 36
第三章 實驗方法與步驟 37
3-1 實驗藥品與器材 37
3-1-1 實驗藥品 37
3-1-2 實驗器材與儀器 38
3-2 實驗步驟 40
3-2-1 以不同溶劑製備SnS2之鋰電池負極材料 40
3-2-2 於不同溫度下製備SnS2之鋰電池負極材料 43
3-3 材料鑑定分析 45
3-3-1 X光粉末繞射儀(X-ray Diffraction, XRD) 45
3-3-2 場發射式電子掃描顯微鏡(Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope, FE-SEM) 45
3-3-3 能量散佈光譜儀(Energy Dispersive Spectrum, EDS) 45
3-3-4 比表面積與微孔洞分析儀 45
3-3-5 傅立葉轉換紅外線光譜分析(Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectrometer, FTIR) 46
3-3-6 拉曼光譜儀(Raman Spectrometer) 46
3-4 材料電化學分析 48
3-4-1 電極的製備與電池的組裝 48
3-4-2 循環伏安法分析 50
3-4-3 計時電位法 50
3-4-4 交流阻抗分析 50
第四章 結果與討論 51
4-1 以不同溶劑製備SnS2之鋰電池負極材料 51
4-1-1 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之結構分析 51
4-1-2 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之表面形貌及劑量比分析 52
4-1-3 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之比表面積分析 54
4-1-4 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之拉曼光譜分析 61
4-1-5 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之傅立葉紅外光譜分析 63
4-1-6 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之循環伏安法測試 65
4-1-7 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之電化學性能測試 70
4-1-8 以不同溶劑製備SnS2粉末之交流阻抗分析 80
4-2 以乙醇作為反應溶劑製備SnS2之鋰電池負極材料 82
4-2-1 以乙醇作為反應溶劑製備SnS2粉末之結構分析 82
4-2-2 以乙醇作為反應溶劑在不同溫度下製備SnS2粉末之表面形貌及劑量比分析 82
4-2-3 以乙醇作為反應溶劑在不同溫度下製備SnS2粉末之比表面積分析 89
4-2-4 以乙醇作為反應溶劑在不同溫度下製備SnS2粉末之拉曼光譜分析 90
4-2-5 以乙醇作為反應溶劑在不同溫度下製備SnS2粉末之傅立葉紅外光譜分析 90
4-2-6 以乙醇作為反應溶劑在不同溫度下製備SnS2粉末之循環伏安法測試 93
4-2-7 以乙醇作為反應溶劑在不同溫度下製備SnS2粉末之電化學性能測試 93
4-2-8 以乙醇作為反應溶劑在不同溫度下製備SnS2粉末之交流阻抗分析 102
第五章 結論 104
參考文獻 106
附錄 116
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指導教授 李岱洲、張仍奎(Tai-Chou Lee Jeng-Kuei Chang) 審核日期 2014-7-28
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