||1. Aiken, G. R., C. C. Gilmour, D. P. Krabbenhoft, and W. Orem, “Dissolved organic matter in the Florida Everglades: implications for ecosystem restoration”, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 41, pp. 217-248,(2011).|
2. Bakir, F., S. Damluji, L. Amin-Zaki, M. Murtadha, A. Khalidi, N. Al-Rawi, S. Tikriti, H. Dhahir, T. Clarkson, and J. Smith, “Methylmercury poisoning in Iraq”, Science, vol. 181, pp. 230-241,(1973).
3. Barkay, T., M. Gillman, and R. R. Turner, “Effects of dissolved organic carbon and salinity on bioavailability of mercury”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 63, pp. 4267-4271,(1997).
4. Barringer, J. L., and C. L. MacLeod, “Relation of mercury to other chemical constituents in ground water in the Kirkwood-Cohansey aquifer system, New Jersey Coastal Plain, and mechanisms for mobilization of mercury from sediments to ground water”, US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey (2001).
5. Barringer, J. L., and Z. Szabo, “Overview of investigations into mercury in ground water, soils, and septage, new jersey coastal plain”, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol. 175, pp. 193-221,(2006).
6. Benoit, J., C. Gilmour, A. Heyes, R. Mason, and C. Miller, 2003, Geochemical and biological controls over methylmercury production and degradation in aquatic ecosystems, ACS symposium series, p. 262-297.
7. Benoit, J. M., C. C. Gilmour, and R. P. Mason, “The Influence of Sulfide on Solid-Phase Mercury Bioavailability for Methylation by Pure Cultures ofDesulfobulbus propionicus(1pr3)”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 35, pp. 127-132,(2001).
8. Benoit, J. M., C. C. Gilmour, R. P. Mason, and A. Heyes, “Sulfide Controls on Mercury Speciation and Bioavailability to Methylating Bacteria in Sediment Pore Waters”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 33, pp. 951-957,(1999a).
9. Benoit, J. M., R. P. Mason, and C. C. Gilmour, “Estimation of mercury-sulfide speciation in sediment pore waters using octanol-water partitioning and implications for availability to methylating bacteria”, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol. 18, pp. 2138-2141,(1999b).
10. Bloom, N. S., “On the Chemical Form of Mercury in Edible Fish and Marine Invertebrate Tissue”, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 49, pp. 1010-1017,(1992).
11. Branfireun, B. A., N. T. Roulet, C. A. Kelly, and J. W. M. Rudd, “In situ sulphate stimulation of mercury methylation in a boreal peatland: Toward a link between acid rain and methylmercury contamination in remote environments”, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 13, pp. 743-750,(1999).
12. Carpi, A., “Mercury from combustion sources: A review of the chemical species emitted and their transport in the atmosphere”, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol. 98, pp. 241-254,(1997).
13. Chabbi, A., K. L. McKee, and I. A. Mendelssohn, “Fate of oxygen losses from Typha domingensis (Typhaceae) and Cladium jamaicense (Cyperaceae) and consequences for root metabolism”, American Journal of Botany, vol. 87, pp. 1081-1090,(2000).
14. Charlet, L., D. Bosbach, and T. Peretyashko, “Natural attenuation of TCE, As, Hg linked to the heterogeneous oxidation of Fe(II): an AFM study”, Chemical Geology, vol. 190, pp. 303-319,(2002).
15. Clarkson, T. W., “Mercury: major issues in environmental health”, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 100, p. 31,(1993).
16. Cock, J., S. Yoshida, and D. A. Forno, “Laboratory manual for physiological studies of rice”, Int. Rice Res. Inst. (1976).
17. Compeau, G., and R. Bartha, “Methylation and demethylation of mercury under controlled redox, pH and salinity conditions”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 48, pp. 1203-1207,(1984).
18. Compeau, G. C., and R. Bartha, “Sulfate-reducing bacteria: principal methylators of mercury in anoxic estuarine sediment”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 50, pp. 498-502,(1985).
19. Compeau, G. C., and R. Bartha, “Effect of salinity on mercury-methylating activity of sulfate-reducing bacteria in estuarine sediments”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 53, pp. 261-265,(1987).
20. Cutter, G. A., and C. F. Krahforst, “Sulfide in surface waters of the western Atlantic Ocean”, Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 15, pp. 1393-1396,(1988).
21. Feng, X., P. Li, G. Qiu, S. Wang, G. Li, L. Shang, B. Meng, H. Jiang, W. Bai, Z. Li, and X. Fu, “Human Exposure To Methylmercury through Rice Intake in Mercury Mining Areas, Guizhou Province, China”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 42, pp. 326-332,(2008).
22. Fitzgerald, W. F., and R. P. Mason, “Biogeochemical cycling of mercury in the marine environment”, Metal Ions in Biological Systems, Vol 34, vol. 34, pp. 53-111,(1997).
23. Fleming, E. J., E. E. Mack, P. G. Green, and D. C. Nelson, “Mercury methylation from unexpected sources: molybdate-inhibited freshwater sediments and an iron-reducing bacterium”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 72, pp. 457-464,(2006).
24. Gilmour, C., D. Krabbenhoft, W. Orem, G. Aiken, and E. Roden, “Appendix 3B-2: status report on ACME studies on the control of mercury methylation and bioaccumulation in the Everglades”, 2007 South Florida Environmental Report, vol. 1, pp. 3B-2,(2007).
25. Gilmour, C. C., D. A. Elias, A. M. Kucken, S. D. Brown, A. V. Palumbo, C. W. Schadt, and J. D. Wall, “Sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ND132 as a model for understanding bacterial mercury methylation”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 77, pp. 3938-3951,(2011).
26. Gilmour, C. C., and E. A. Henry, “Mercury methylation in aquatic systems affected by acid deposition”, Environ Pollut, vol. 71, pp. 131-169,(1991).
27. Gilmour, C. C., M. Podar, A. L. Bullock, A. M. Graham, S. D. Brown, A. C. Somenahally, A. Johs, R. A. Hurt, Jr., K. L. Bailey, and D. A. Elias, “Mercury methylation by novel microorganisms from new environments”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 47, pp. 11810-11820,(2013).
28. Gnamuš, A., A. R. Byrne, and M. Horvat, “Mercury in the Soil-Plant-Deer-Predator Food Chain of a Temperate Forest in Slovenia”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 34, pp. 3337-3345,(2000).
29. Haitzer, M., G. R. Aiken, and J. N. Ryan, “Binding of Mercury(II) to Aquatic Humic Substances: Influence of pH and Source of Humic Substances”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 37, pp. 2436-2441,(2003).
30. Hamelin, S., M. Amyot, T. Barkay, Y. Wang, and D. Planas, “Methanogens: principal methylators of mercury in lake periphyton”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 45, pp. 7693-7700,(2011).
31. Harris, R. C., J. W. Rudd, M. Amyot, C. L. Babiarz, K. G. Beaty, P. J. Blanchfield, R. A. Bodaly, B. A. Branfireun, C. C. Gilmour, J. A. Graydon, A. Heyes, H. Hintelmann, J. P. Hurley, C. A. Kelly, D. P. Krabbenhoft, S. E. Lindberg, R. P. Mason, M. J. Paterson, C. L. Podemski, A. Robinson, K. A. Sandilands, G. R. Southworth, V. L. St Louis, and M. T. Tate, “Whole-ecosystem study shows rapid fish-mercury response to changes in mercury deposition”, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 104, pp. 16586-16591,(2007).
32. Horvat, M., N. Nolde, V. Fajon, V. Jereb, M. Logar, S. Lojen, R. Jacimovic, I. Falnoga, Q. Liya, J. Faganeli, and D. Drobne, “Total mercury, methylmercury and selenium in mercury polluted areas in the province Guizhou, China”, Science of The Total Environment, vol. 304, pp. 231-256,(2003).
33. Hurley, J. P., J. M. Benoit, C. L. Babiarz, M. M. Shafer, A. W. Andren, J. R. Sullivan, R. Hammond, and D. A. Webb, “Influences of watershed characteristics on mercury levels in wisconsin rivers”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 29, pp. 1867-1875,(1995).
34. Jensen, S., and A. JernelÖV, “Biological Methylation of Mercury in Aquatic Organisms”, Nature, vol. 223, pp. 753-754,(1969).
35. Kerin, E. J., C. C. Gilmour, E. Roden, M. T. Suzuki, J. D. Coates, and R. P. Mason, “Mercury methylation by dissimilatory iron-reducing bacteria”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 72, pp. 7919-7921,(2006).
36. King, J. K., J. E. Kostka, M. E. Frischer, F. M. Saunders, and R. A. Jahnke, “A Quantitative Relationship that Demonstrates Mercury Methylation Rates in Marine Sediments Are Based on the Community Composition and Activity of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 35, pp. 2491-2496,(2001).
37. Kirby, A., I. Rucevska, C. C. YemelinV, and O. Simonett, “Mercury–Time to Act”, United Nations Environment Program, vol. 23,(2013).
38. Kirk, G., “The biogeochemistry of submerged soils”, John Wiley & Sons (2004).
39. Krabbenhoft, D. P., and E. M. Sunderland, “Global change and mercury”, Science, vol. 341, pp. 1457-1458,(2013).
40. Landis, M. S., J. V. Ryan, A. F. Ter Schure, and D. Laudal, “Behavior of Mercury Emissions from a Commercial Coal-Fired Power Plant: The Relationship between Stack Speciation and Near-Field Plume Measurements”, Environ Sci Technol,(2014).
41. Lasorsa, B., and A. Casas, “A comparison of sample handling and analytical methods for determination of acid volatile sulfides in sediment”, Marine Chemistry, vol. 52, pp. 211-220,(1996).
42. Lemes, M., and F. Wang, “Methylmercury speciation in fish muscle by HPLC-ICP-MS following enzymatic hydrolysis”, Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, vol. 24, p. 663,(2009).
43. Li, L., F. Wang, B. Meng, M. Lemes, X. Feng, and G. Jiang, “Speciation of methylmercury in rice grown from a mercury mining area”, Environ Pollut, vol. 158, pp. 3103-3107,(2010).
44. Lin, C. C., N. Yee, and T. Barkay, “Microbial transformations in the mercury cycle”, Environmental chemistry and toxicology of mercury, pp. 155-191,(2012).
45. Liu, Y. R., R. Q. Yu, Y. M. Zheng, and J. Z. He, “Analysis of the microbial community structure by monitoring an Hg methylation gene (hgcA) in paddy soils along an Hg gradient”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 80, pp. 2874-2879,(2014).
46. Lovley, D. R., J. F. Stolz, G. L. Nord, and E. J. Phillips, “Anaerobic production of magnetite by a dissimilatory iron-reducing microorganism”, Nature, vol. 330, pp. 252-254,(1987).
47. Madigan, M. T., J. M. Martinko, P. V. Dunlap, and D. P. Clark, “Brock Biology of microorganisms 12th edn”, International Microbiology, vol. 11, pp. 65-73,(2008).
48. Mason, R. P., J. R. Reinfelder, and F. M. M. Morel, “Bioaccumulation of Mercury and Methylmercury”, pp. 915-921,(1995).
49. Mehrotra, A. S., and D. L. Sedlak, “Decrease in Net Mercury Methylation Rates Following Iron Amendment to Anoxic Wetland Sediment Slurries”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 39, pp. 2564-2570,(2005).
50. Meng, B., X. Feng, G. Qiu, C. W. Anderson, J. Wang, and L. Zhao, “Localization and speciation of mercury in brown rice with implications for pan-Asian public health”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 48, pp. 7974-7981,(2014).
51. Meng, B., X. Feng, G. Qiu, P. Liang, P. Li, C. Chen, and L. Shang, “The process of methylmercury accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.)”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 45, pp. 2711-2717,(2011).
52. Miskimmin, B. M., “Effect of natural levels of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) on methyl mercury formation and sediment-water partitioning”, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 47, pp. 743-750,(1991).
53. Miskimmin, B. M., J. W. Rudd, and C. A. Kelly, “Influence of dissolved organic carbon, pH, and microbial respiration rates on mercury methylation and demethylation in lake water”, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 49, pp. 17-22,(1992).
54. Munthe, J., R. A. Bodaly, B. A. Branfireun, C. T. Driscoll, C. C. Gilmour, R. Harris, M. Horvat, M. Lucotte, and O. Malm, “Recovery of Mercury-Contaminated Fisheries”, AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, vol. 36, pp. 33-44,(2007).
55. Ndu, U., R. P. Mason, H. Zhang, S. Lin, and P. T. Visscher, “Effect of inorganic and organic ligands on the bioavailability of methylmercury as determined by using a mer-lux bioreporter”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 78, pp. 7276-7282,(2012).
56. Orem, W., C. Gilmour, D. Axelrad, D. Krabbenhoft, D. Scheidt, P. Kalla, P. McCormick, M. Gabriel, and G. Aiken, “Sulfur in the South Florida ecosystem: Distribution, sources, biogeochemistry, impacts, and management for restoration”, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 41, pp. 249-288,(2011).
57. Oremland, R. S., and B. F. Taylor, “Sulfate reduction and methanogenesis in marine sediments”, Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 42, pp. 209-214,(1978).
58. Organization, W. H., “IPCS environmental health criteria 101: methylmercury. International programme of chemical safety”, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland,(1990).
59. Parks, J. M., A. Johs, M. Podar, R. Bridou, R. A. Hurt, Jr., S. D. Smith, S. J. Tomanicek, Y. Qian, S. D. Brown, C. C. Brandt, A. V. Palumbo, J. C. Smith, J. D. Wall, D. A. Elias, and L. Liang, “The genetic basis for bacterial mercury methylation”, Science, vol. 339, pp. 1332-1335,(2013).
60. Qiu, G., X. Feng, P. Li, S. Wang, G. Li, L. Shang, and X. Fu, “Methylmercury accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown at abandoned mercury mines in Guizhou, China”, J Agric Food Chem, vol. 56, pp. 2465-2468,(2008).
61. Rothenberg, S. E., R. F. Ambrose, and J. A. Jay, “Mercury cycling in surface water, pore water and sediments of Mugu Lagoon, CA, USA”, Environ Pollut, vol. 154, pp. 32-45,(2008).
62. Rothenberg, S. E., and X. Feng, “Mercury cycling in a flooded rice paddy”, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 117,(2012).
63. Rothenberg, S. E., X. Feng, B. Dong, L. Shang, R. Yin, and X. Yuan, “Characterization of mercury species in brown and white rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in water-saving paddies”, Environ Pollut, vol. 159, pp. 1283-1289,(2011).
64. Rothenberg, S. E., L. Windham-Myers, and J. E. Creswell, “Rice methylmercury exposure and mitigation: a comprehensive review”, Environmental Research, vol. 133, pp. 407-423,(2014).
65. Schaefer, J. K., R. M. Kronberg, F. M. M. Morel, and U. Skyllberg, “Detection of a key Hg methylation gene,hgcA, in wetland soils”, Environmental Microbiology Reports, pp. n/a-n/a,(2014a).
66. Schaefer, J. K., and F. M. M. Morel, “High methylation rates of mercury bound to cysteine by Geobacter sulfurreducens”, Nature Geoscience, vol. 2, pp. 123-126,(2009).
67. Schaefer, J. K., S. S. Rocks, W. Zheng, L. Liang, B. Gu, and F. M. Morel, “Active transport, substrate specificity, and methylation of Hg(II) in anaerobic bacteria”, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 108, pp. 8714-8719,(2011).
68. Schaefer, J. K., A. Szczuka, and F. M. Morel, “Effect of divalent metals on Hg(II) uptake and methylation by bacteria”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 48, pp. 3007-3013,(2014b).
69. Scheidt, D., and P. Kalla, “Everglades ecosystem assessment: water management and quality, eutrophication, mercury contamination, soils and habitat: monitoring for adaptive management: a RE-MAP status report. USEPA Region 4, Athens, GA”, USEPA Region, vol. 4, p. 98,(2007).
70. Senevirathna, W. U., H. Zhang, and B. Gu, “Effect of carboxylic and thiol ligands (oxalate, cysteine) on the kinetics of desorption of Hg (II) from kaolinite”, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, vol. 215, pp. 573-584,(2011).
71. Simmons-Willis, T. A., A. S. Koh, T. W. Clarkson, and N. Ballatori, “Transport of a neurotoxicant by molecular mimicry: the methylmercury-L-cysteine complex is a substrate for human L-type large neutral amino acid transporter (LAT) 1 and LAT2”, Biochem J, vol. 367, pp. 239-246,(2002).
72. Slowey, A. J., and G. E. Brown, “Transformations of mercury, iron, and sulfur during the reductive dissolution of iron oxyhydroxide by sulfide”, Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 71, pp. 877-894,(2007).
73. Spry, D. J., and J. G. Wiener, “Metal bioavailability and toxicity to fish in low-alkalinity lakes: A critical review”, Environ Pollut, vol. 71, pp. 243-304,(1991).
74. St. Louis, V. L., J. W. Rudd, C. A. Kelly, K. G. Beaty, N. S. Bloom, and R. J. Flett, “Importance of wetlands as sources of methyl mercury to boreal forest ecosystems”, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, vol. 51, pp. 1065-1076,(1994).
75. Stein, E. D., Y. Cohen, and A. M. Winer, “Environmental distribution and transformation of mercury compounds”, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 26, pp. 1-43,(1996).
76. Ullrich, S. M., T. W. Tanton, and S. A. Abdrashitova, “Mercury in the aquatic environment: a review of factors affecting methylation”, Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 31, pp. 241-293,(2001).
77. Wang, X., Z. Ye, B. Li, L. Huang, M. Meng, J. Shi, and G. Jiang, “Growing rice aerobically markedly decreases mercury accumulation by reducing both Hg bioavailability and the production of MeHg”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 48, pp. 1878-1885,(2014).
78. Weber, K. A., L. A. Achenbach, and J. D. Coates, “Microorganisms pumping iron: anaerobic microbial iron oxidation and reduction”, Nature Reviews Microbiology, vol. 4, pp. 752-764,(2006).
79. Wiatrowski, H. A., S. Das, R. Kukkadapu, E. S. Ilton, T. Barkay, and N. Yee, “Reduction of Hg(II) to Hg(0) by Magnetite”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 43, pp. 5307-5313,(2009).
80. Wiener, J. G., B. C. Knights, M. B. Sandheinrich, J. D. Jeremiason, M. E. Brigham, D. R. Engstrom, L. G. Woodruff, W. F. Cannon, and S. J. Balogh, “Mercury in Soils, Lakes, and Fish in Voyageurs National Park (Minnesota): Importance of Atmospheric Deposition and Ecosystem Factors”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 40, pp. 6261-6268,(2006).
81. Windham-Myers, L., M. Marvin-Dipasquale, D. P. Krabbenhoft, J. L. Agee, M. H. Cox, P. Heredia-Middleton, C. Coates, and E. Kakouros, “Experimental removal of wetland emergent vegetation leads to decreased methylmercury production in surface sediment”, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 114,(2009).
82. Yu, R. Q., I. Adatto, M. R. Montesdeoca, C. T. Driscoll, M. E. Hines, and T. Barkay, “Mercury methylation in Sphagnum moss mats and its association with sulfate-reducing bacteria in an acidic Adirondack forest lake wetland”, FEMS Microbiol Ecol, vol. 74, pp. 655-668,(2010).
83. Yu, R. Q., J. R. Flanders, E. E. Mack, R. Turner, M. B. Mirza, and T. Barkay, “Contribution of coexisting sulfate and iron reducing bacteria to methylmercury production in freshwater river sediments”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 46, pp. 2684-2691,(2012).
84. Yu, R. Q., J. R. Reinfelder, M. E. Hines, and T. Barkay, “Mercury methylation by the methanogen Methanospirillum hungatei”, Appl Environ Microbiol, vol. 79, pp. 6325-6330,(2013).
85. Zhang, H., X. Feng, T. Larssen, L. Shang, and P. Li, “Bioaccumulation of methylmercury versus inorganic mercury in rice (Oryza sativa L.) grain”, Environ Sci Technol, vol. 44, pp. 4499-4504,(2010).