博碩士論文 101328006 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:6 、訪客IP:34.204.202.44
姓名 郝宇杰(Yu-chieh Hao)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 能源工程研究所
論文名稱 中壢與屏東地區太陽光電系統戶外性能模擬與實測分析
(Performance analysis of photovoltaic system by simulation and outdoor measurement in Jhongli and Pingtung)
相關論文
★ 以數值模擬探討微管流之物理效應★ 微管流之層流與紊流模擬
★ 銅質均熱片研製★ 熱差式氣體流量計之感測模式及氣流道效應分析
★ 低溫倉儲噴流系統之實驗量測與數值模擬研究★ 壓縮微管流的熱流分析
★ 微小圓管的層流及熱傳數值模擬★ 微型平板流和圓管流的熱流特性:以數值探討壓縮和稀薄效應
★ 微管道電滲流物理特性之數值模擬★ 電滲泵內多孔介質微流場特性之數值模擬
★ 被動式微混合器之數值模擬★ 電滲泵的製作與性能測試
★ 叉合型流場於質子交換膜燃料電池之陰極半電池的參數探討★ 無動件式高流率電滲泵的製作與特性分析
★ 不同型式光纖與集光器搭配之效率測試★ 微電滲泵之暫態熱流研究
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本文在中壢與屏東地區實測太陽光電(photovoltaic, PV)和聚光型太陽光電(concentrator PV, CPV)系統,比較不同的模組類型(PV及CPV)及追日方式(光感測器、軌跡公式及混合式)的發電效益。本文亦使用軟體PVsyst模擬發電與將近一年的實測結果比較。
軌跡公式與光感測器追日法用在雙軸PV系統上進行10個月的測試比較顯示,前者的發電效益約比後者高出2.1%,顯示在雙軸PV系統的應用上,軌跡公式是一套實用且有效的追日方法。
混合式追日法與光感測器追日法用在雙軸CPV系統上進行6個月的測試比較顯示,光感測器法的發電效益約比混合式追日法高出11.7%。不過目前混合追日法還有參數尚在調校,因此追日成效不佳也影響發電效益。之後這種方法如能持續改進,應可提昇發電效益。
軌跡法追蹤的雙軸PV系統與固定式PV系統進行8個月的測試比較顯示,合計8個月軌跡法較固定式約高9.9%的發電量,顯示軌跡追蹤能有效提高PV發電效益。
本文亦對幾種參數進行發電量關聯分析。其中日照是最主要影響發電量的參數,日照與輸出功率會呈線性關係,而模組溫度與大氣溫度都會與輸出功率呈負相關,兩種溫度越高都會導致輸出功率下降。
摘要(英) This study analyzed the performance of photovoltaic (PV) and concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) systems with three sun-tracking methods (sun sensor, sun-trajectory calculation and hybrid) in Jhungli and Pingtung. Prediction of electricity with the software PVsyst was compared with almost one-year outdoor measurements.
Comparison between two tracking approaches (sun-trajectory calculation and light sensor) on the two-axis PV system for ten months showed that the electricity generation of the former approach was 2.1% higher than the latter approach. This indicated the sun-trajectory calculation is a practical and effective sun-tracking method.
A 6-month assessment of the two-axis CPV systems with two sun-tracking methods (hybrid and light sensor) illustrated that the electricity generation of the hybrid tracking was 11.7% higher than the tracking with light sensor. However, the former approach is still calibrating its parameters, and its sun-tracking is unsatisfactory which affect the electricity output. It is expected that the hybrid-tracking approach will continuous improving and the electricity generation can increase.
Field measurement of the two-axis PV system using the sun-trajectory calculation and the fixed PV system was compared for eight months. The result showed that the electricity output of the tracking PV was 9.9% higher than that of the fixed one. This implied sun-tracking can effectively enhance electricity generation.
Several parameters that correlated with power output were also investigated. The irradiance was the most important parameter which correlated linearly with power generation. The module temperature and ambient temperature were in negative correlation with power output. Both temperatures increase will reduce the power output.
關鍵字(中) ★ 太陽光電
★ 雙軸PV/CPV系統
★ 固定式PV
★ 性能分析
★ PVsyst
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 摘要.....................................i
Abstract................................ii
致謝.....................................iii
目錄.....................................iv
圖目錄........... ........................vii
表目錄........... ........................x
符號說明..................................xi
第一章 緒論................................1
1.1 前言..................................1
1.2 太陽電池技術.. .........................2
1.3 文獻回顧...............................4
1.4 研究動機...............................10
1.5 論文架構...............................11
第二章 太陽光電系統..........................12
2.1 太陽光電系統類型.........................12
2.1.1 固定式光電系統.........................12
2.1.2 單軸追蹤光電系統.......................13
2.1.3 雙軸追蹤光電系統.......................14
2.2 實驗型光電系統架構........................14
2.3 太陽光電模組.............................16
2.4 追蹤控制單元.............................18
2.4.1 開迴路控制單元.........................18
2.4.2 閉迴路控制單元.........................18
2.4.3 混合式控制單元.........................20
2.5 實驗數據擷取系統.........................21
2.5.1 追日偏差角量測設備......................21
2.5.2 電力調節器(inverter)...................22
2.5.3 氣象數據監測系統........................23
2.5.4 嵌入式資料擷取(DAQ)系統..................26
第三章 PVsyst模擬分析.......................35
3.1 PVsyst軟體介紹...........................35
3.2 模擬架構及參數設定.........................36
3.3 數學模型.................................39
3.3.1 傾斜面日照轉換模型.......................39
3.3.2 PV模組輸出模型..........................40
3.3.3 損失模型...............................41
第四章 中壢與屏東地區光電系統性能...............44
4.1 性能分析參數..............................44
4.2 中壢地區雙軸PV系統性能比較..................48
4.2.1 中大雙軸PV實測與模擬結果..................48
4.2.2 億芳雙軸PV實測與模擬結果..................50
4.2.3 中大與億芳雙軸PV實測結果比較...............51
4.3 中壢地區雙軸CPV系統性能比較..................54
4.3.1 中大雙軸CPV實測與模擬結果..................54
4.3.2 億芳雙軸CPV實測與模擬結果..................56
4.3.3中大與億芳雙軸CPV實測結果比較................57
4.4 屏東地區雙軸PV與固定式PV系統性能比較...........59
4.5 參數關聯分析...............................63
4.5.1 日照與輸出功率關聯分析 .....................63
4.5.2 模組溫度與輸出功率關聯分析..................67
4.5.3 大氣溫度與模組溫度關聯分析..................69
4.5.4 大氣溫度與輸出功率關聯分析..................70
4.5.5 性能比與傾斜面總日照關聯分析.................72
4.5.6 多元線性迴歸分析...........................72
第五章 結論與未來改進方向.......................74
5.1 結論......................................74
5.2 未來改進方向................................75
參考文獻.......................................77
參考文獻 Aristiza‘bal, A.J., Gordillo, G. (2008) Performance monitoring results of the first grid-connected BIPV system in Colombia, Renewable Energy 33, 2475–2484.
Araki, K. (2012) Proposal of an energy rating method fair to countries of lower irradiance resources, 8th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, AIP Conf. Proc. 1477, 344-347.
Ayompe, L.M., Duffy, A., McCormack, S.J., Conlon, M. (2011) Measured performance of a 1.72 kW rooftop grid connected photovoltaic system in Ireland, Energy Conversion and Management 52, 816–825.
Bowman, J., Jensen S., Melia J. (2012) Analysis of energy production at a 1 MW CPV site in Southern California, 8th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, AIP Conf. Proc. 1477, 301-304.
Cheng, C.L., Jimenez, C.S.S., Lee, M.C. (2009) Research of BIPV optimal tilted angle, use of latitude concept for south orientated plans, Renewable Energy 34, 1644–1650.
Chokmaviroj, S., Wattanapong, R., Suchart Y. (2006) Performance of a 500 kWP grid connected photovoltaic system at Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand, Renewable Energy 31, 19–28.
Drury, E., Lopez, A., Denholm, P., Margolis, R. (2013) Relative performance of tracking versus fixed tilt photovoltaic systems in the USA, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications.
Ghosal, K., Lilly, D., Gabriel, J., Seel, S., Menard, E., Burroughs, S., Daniel, R., Lowe, S., Kudija, C. (2012) Performance of a micro-cell based transfer printed HCPV system in the south eastern US, 8th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, AIP Conf. Proc. 1477, 327-330.
Hoffman, R., Buie, D., King, Glesne, T. (2011) Performance of Emcore third generation CPV modules in the low latitude marine environment of Hawaii, 7th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, AIP Conf. Proc. 1407, 345-348.
Kesler, S., Kivrak, S., Dincer, F., Rustemli, S., Karaaslan, M., Unal, E., Erdiven, U. (2014) The analysis of PV power potential and system installation in Manavgat, Turkey—A case study in winter season, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 31, 671–680.
Li, Z., Liu, X., Tang, R. (2010) Optical performance of inclined south-north single-axis tracked solar panels, Energy 35, 2511-2516.
Li, G., Tang, R., Zhong, H. (2012) Optical performance of horizontal single-axis tracked solar panels, Energy Procedia 16, 1744–1752.
Lorenzo, E., Zilles, R., Moretón, R., Gómez, T., Olcoz, A.M.D. (2013) Performance analysis of a 7-kW crystalline silicon generator after 17 years of operation in Madrid, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications.
Marion, B., Adelstein, J., Boyle, K., Hayden, H., Hammond, B., Fletcher, T., Canada, B., Narang, D., Shugar, D., Wenger, H., Kimber, A., Mitchell, L., Rich, G., Townsend, T. (2005) Performance parameters for grid-connected PV systems, National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
Martínez, M., Rubio, F., Sala, G., Pachón, D., Bett, A., Siefer, G., Vetter, M., Schies, A., Wachtel, J., Gombert, A., Wüllner, J., Díaz, V., Vázquez, M.A., Abulfotuh, F., Fetyan, K., Moussaoui, A.E., Mansouri, S., Loudiyi, K., Darhmaoui, H., Mrabti, T. (2012) CPV plants data analysis. ISFOC and NACIR projects results, 8th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, AIP Conf. Proc. 1477, 323-326.
Mondol, J.D., Yohanis, Y.G., Norton, B. (2007) Comparison of measured and predicted long term performance of grid connected photovoltaic system. Energy Conversion and Management, 48, 1065-1080.
Nardis, D.D. (2012) A single reflection approach to HCPV: very high concentration ratio and wide acceptance angles using low cost materials, 8th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, AIP Conf. Proc. 1477, 94-97.
NREL: Research Cell Efficiency Records(2014/4 檢索)http://www.nrel.gov/ncpv/images/ efficiency_chart.jpg
Oh, S.J., Lee, Y.J., Chen, K., Kim, Y.M., Lim, S.H., Chun, W. (2012) Development of an embedded solar tracker for the enhancement of solar energy utilization, International Journal of Energy Research, 36, 249-258.
Peharz, G., Ferrer Rodrı´guez, J.P., Siefer, G., Bett, A.W. (2011) A method for using CPV modules as temperature sensors and its application to rating procedures, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 95, 2734–2744.
Reich, N.H., Mueller, B., Armbruster, A., Sark, W.V., Kiefer, K., Reise, C. (2012) Performance ratio revisited: is PR>90% realistic?, Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications 20, 717-726.
Sharma, V., Chandel, S.S. (2013) Performance analysis of a 190 kWp grid interactive solar photovoltaic power plant in India, Energy 55, 476-485.
So, J.H., Jung, Y.S., Yu, G.J., Choi, J.Y., Choi, J.H. (2007) Performance results and analysis of 3 kW grid-connected PV systems, Renewable Energy 32, 1858–1872.
Spertino, F., Corona, F. (2013) Monitoring and checking of performance in photovoltaic plants: A tool for design, installation and maintenance of grid-connected systems, Renewable Energy 60, 722-732.
Tebibel, H., Labed, S. (2013) Performance results and analysis of self-regulated PV system in Algerian Sahara, Renewable Energy 60, 691-700.
Yadav, P., Tripathi, B., Rathod, S., Kumar, M. (2013) Real-time analysis of low-concentration photovoltaic systems: A review towards development of sustainable energy technology, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 28, 812–823.
Yavrian, A., Tremblay, S., Levesque, M., Gilbert, R. (2013) How to increase the efficiency of a high concentrating PV (HCPV) by increasing the acceptance angle to ±3.2°, 9th International Conference on Concentrating Photovoltaic Systems, AIP Conf. Proc. 1556, 197-200.
中央社財經新聞 德再生能源發電逾兩成(2014/4 檢索) http://udn.com/NEWS/ BREAKINGNEWS/BREAKINGNEWS5/8588468.shtml
中國"十二五"規劃(2014/4 檢索)http://www.cusdn.org.cn/news_detail.php?md=3 &pid=1&id=214923
行政院經濟部能源局 太陽光電資訊網(2014/4 檢索)http://solarpv.itri.org.tw/aboutus/ sense/battery.asp
林伯峻(2013),追日偏差量測技術比較與聚光太陽光電系統之實測,國立中央大學能源工程研究所碩士論文。
林武君(2012),影像視覺追日偏差量測技術開發與太陽光電系統之實測,國立中央大學能源工程研究所碩士論文。
周建仁(2011),太陽電池短路電流法追日控制器之研發,國立中央大學機械工程研究所碩士論文。
美國加州百萬太陽屋頂法案(2014/4 檢索)http://e-info.org.tw/node/10190
核研所高科驗證與發展中心(2014/4 檢索)http://ksp.iner.gov.tw/HCPVWebSite/ ProInfo. aspx
能源局參考日照資料(2014/4 檢索)http://mrpv.org.tw/about.php?id=11
陽光屋頂百萬座計畫推動辦公室(2014/4 檢索)http://mrpv.org.tw/about.php
維基百科:化石燃料尚可開採年限(2014/3 檢索)http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/ %E5%8C%96%E7%9F%B3%E7%87%83%E6%96%99
維基百科:再生能源(2014/3 檢索)http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/ %E5%8F%AF% E5% 86%8D%E7%94%9F%E8%83%BD%E6%BA%90
聯合報 瑞典再生能源比率 稱霸歐盟(2014/4 檢索) http://www.udn.com/2014/3/11/ NEWS/WORLD/WOR4/8539476.shtml
指導教授 吳俊諆 審核日期 2014-7-29
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明