博碩士論文 101423020 詳細資訊




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姓名 蘇蔚廷(Wei-Ting Su)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊管理學系
論文名稱 競賽式架構應用於進化式演算法之解空間縮減
(A competitive based solution space selection framework of the evolutionary algorithm)
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摘要(中) 進化式演算法已經被廣泛的應用在許多領域,例如高能物理分析、氣象預測、基因分析、生物研究、財務或商業資訊分析等。雖然這些方法能夠提供令人滿意的解決方案。然而不幸的是他們都已經被證實為是耗時的方法。因此,大量運算能力的需求隨之出現,雖然雲端的出現大幅的提升了運算的效能,但同時也提升了問題的複雜度,例如:更多的資料維度或資料數。此外,基於No Free Lunch (NFL)理論,所有的進化式演算法都必須付出相同的代價進行求解,換句話說,若要得到更好的解,相對的必須付出更多的代價,例如更多的作業,流程的改變,更多的時間,更多的個體等。
因此本研究目的在於提供一個以Divide and Conquer (D&C)的想法為基礎,實作一個架構以適用於所有進化式演算法克服搜尋空間過大的問題(如:龐大的搜尋空間,過早收斂,資料篩檢,黑箱等),並能夠協助進化式演算法紀錄搜尋過程中每個維度的敏感度資料,幫助使用者能夠更深入了解問題所在。
摘要(英) Evolutionary algorithms have been widely used in many fields, such as high energy physics analysis, weather forecasting, genetic analysis, biological research, financial or business information analysis. Although these methods can provide some satisfactory solutions, they have been proved to be time-consuming methods. Therefore, the computational efficiency needs to be taken into account. Although the cloud technique can significantly improve the computing performance, it also increase the complexity of problems, such as more dimensions or numbers of the datasets. In addition, based on No Free Lunch theory (NFL), all evolutionary algorithms must pay the same price for solving problems. In other words, to get a better solution, it must pays more costs, such as more operations, process change, time or individuals.
Therefore, this thesis aims to provide a framework based on the idea which is according to the Divide and Conquer (D&C) principle, and this framework can be applied to all evolutionary algorithms to overcome the large search space problem that can affect the computational efficiency (such as: a huge search space and premature convergence, data screening, black box, etc.). In addition, it also can assist the evolutionary algorithms in recording the sensitive data samples in each dimension during the searching process, which helps users to fully understand the problem.
關鍵字(中) ★ 搜尋空間縮減
★ 巨量資料
★ 進化式演算法
★ Divide and Conquer
★ 黑箱
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 目錄

摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝辭 III
第一章 前言 1
1.1背景 2
1.1.1 搜尋空間縮減 2
1.1.2 進化式演算法 3
1.2問題定義 5
1.3研究貢獻 6
1.4研究架構 8
第二章 文獻探討 9
2.1 Genetic Algorithm 11
2.1.1 Hybrid Genetic Algorithm (HGA) 11
2.1.2 Interval Genetic Algorithm (IGA) 12
2.1.3 Hybrid Interval Genetic Algorithm (HIGA) 12
2.2 Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) 12
2.2.1 Cooperative Particle Pwarm Optimization (CPSO) 12
2.2.2 Fully Informed Particle Swarm Optimization (FIPSO) 12
2.2.3 Comprehensive Learning Particle Swarm Optimization (CLPSO) 13
2.3 Simulated Annealing (SA) 13
2.3.1 Genetic Simulated Annealing Algorithm (GSAA) 13
2.3.2 Improved Simulated Annealing Algorithm (ISAA) 13
2.4進化式演算法用於資料縮減 13
2.5覆蓋率 14
2.6結論 15
第三章 架構設計 17
3.1 Divide and Conquer 17
3.2 挑選 20
3.3 初始化 22
3.4 投票與切割 24
3.4.1 投票與切割的基本概念 25
3.4.2 空間離散基礎之投票與切割 26
3.4.3 區域擴張 28
第四章 研究結果 30
4.1 實驗環境 30
4.2 研究架構時間敏感度實驗 30
4.2.1 參數時間敏感度測試 30
4.2.2 研究架構對EAs時間影響力 31
4.3 數學模型實驗 33
4.3.1實驗參數 33
4.3.2實驗結果 38
4.3.3 第二循環 43
4.4 大型資料集實驗 47
4.4.1實驗參數 47
4.4.2 資料集 48
4.4.3實驗結果 49
第五章 結論 52
5.1結論與貢獻 52
5.2未來研究方向與建議 53

參考文獻 55





表目錄

表4-1 數學函數模型之實驗參數設定 34
表4-2 數學模型實驗最佳解與執行時間(單位:秒) 39
表4-3最佳解覆蓋率以及剩餘縮減率(單位:百分比) 41
表4-4 GA Step2結果 44
表4-5 SPSO Step2結果 45
表4-6大型資料集之實驗參數設定 47
表4-7資料集摘要 48
表4-8 資料集分類正確率以及資料縮減率(單位:百分比) 50
表4-9資料集之運算時間(單位:秒) 51





圖目錄

圖1 EAs演化流程 4
圖2 MapReduce運作原理 18
圖3 流程架構 19
圖4 隨機序列產生之個體 22
圖5 Sobol序列產生之個體 23
圖6 本文推薦之切割架構 25
圖7鄰近最佳解區域 29
圖8 GA求解Trid Fuction時間敏感度 31
圖9 SPSO求解Trid Fuction時間敏感度 31
圖10 標準版GA與GA+S3之執行時間 32
圖11 標準版GA與GA+S3之執行時間 32
圖12 標準版SPSO與SPSO+S3之執行時間差異 32
圖13 標準版SPSO與SPSO+S3之執行時間差異 33
圖14 EAs演化 34


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指導教授 蔡志豐 審核日期 2014-6-30
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