博碩士論文 101450038 詳細資訊




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姓名 曾賜斌(Tzu-pin Tseng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 高階主管企管碩士班
論文名稱 EMS產業在外部環境變化下之商業模式與管理策略之研究─以T公司蘇州子公司為例
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摘要(中) 1980年代大型企業業務擴張,全球化進程加快,電子、電腦產品、消費類電子產品的需求急遽上升,因持續擴張產能存在著一定風險,所以OEM公司除了在本土以外,都在計畫海外建立其他工廠,已利備援。但隨著電子產品生命週期的縮短,大量投資對OEM來說也非明智之舉,訂單外對降低風險來說或許是更好的選擇,由於這樣的企業分工需要,EMS自然而然就誕生了。
個案公司在中國蘇州歷經長期虧損,正思考如何改變商業模式及管理策略,以脫離競爭激烈的紅海市場。本研究主要目的有二:首先,本研究將探討中國在歷經多次經濟轉型後,中國EMS產業所面對的改變與挑戰有哪些? 其次探討個案公司在中國經濟環境的劇烈變化下,該如何擬定策略方向,改善經營績效?
本研究運用8十國家模式的架構找EMS產業所面臨來自於外部環境的挑戰。並依據8十商業模式及8十獲利模式來分析個案公司目前經營績效不甚理想的原因,最後分析 加強價值創新與改變產品組合等方式變更商業模式,重新預估可能的產生的8十獲利模式。
本研究主要結論如下:
1. 依據外部環境分析與8十商業模式分析,個案公司正面臨一內外交迫的局面(事實上也是中國EMS產業的共同情況),一方面苦於無法持續研發創新,提高代工毛利並帶來利潤;一方面窮於應付日益升高的代工市場競爭與經營成本的不斷墊高,致使EBIT、ROIC為負值,故個案公司亟待就8十商業模式分析所歸納的問題進行必要變革。
2. 依據8十商業模式分析,個案公司可以考量改善以下四個關鍵要素,市場定位與價值關係、價值創新與忠心謀略、資源投入與團隊合一、產品組合與顧客服務,來提升經營績效。並經財務假設試算結果,將可擴大營業額、提升毛利率,將長期無法持續獲利的狀況,轉虧為盈扭轉局勢。
摘要(英) In 1980’s large enterprise businesses are outspread; the process of globalization is speed up, the ascent of electronic, computer products or demand of consumers’ electronic merchandises are raising rapidly. Therefore, OEM has prepared not only found factories in China also overseas.
With through the period of electronics goods are shorted, large amounts of investments is not wise to OEM. Maybe to reduce risks is better choosing than perches order. In need of EMS is naturally due to this kind of enterprise’ require of cooperating.
The target has long-term deficit in Suzhou, are thinking about how to change the business model and management strategy to divorce fierce completion in RED OCEANS market.
The main purpose of this research has to two:
Firstly, this study will investigate that “the Chinese after many times of economic transformation, what kind of the changes and challenges of the EMS industry faces in to in China? “
Secondly, discusses drastic changes in Chinese economic environment for the target “how to make strategic direction, to improve the operating performance?”
This research uses 8  national model for EMS industries face challenges from the external environment, and basis on the 8 cross business model and 8  profit model to analyze the reason of the target currently operating performance is not ideal, the final to analyze to reinforce the value innovation and change in diversification of products, changes the business model, to re-estimate the probable pattern of 8 cross profit model.
The results of this research are as following:
1. According to the external environment analysis and 8  business model, the target is stocked in the situation of internal and external. (Basically, a common situation EMS industry in China), One is suffering from unsustainable developing innovation, enhance profits of foundry ;the other is market competition is overwhelmed and operating costs is keeping going up ,lead to EBIT, ROIC is negative, the necessary changes to the target is to analyze 8 cross business model for solving those problems.
2. On the basis of the 8  business model, the target can consider to improve the following four main elements, market positioning and value relationship, value innovation and loyalty strategy, resources inputs and team work, product assortments and customer service, to elevate business performance. And through by the results of financial hypothesis spreadsheet, if expand turnover, to promote Gross profit margin, will be able to turn out of deficit to profit from long-term continuous non-profit.
關鍵字(中) ★ EMS
★ Turnkey
★ Consignment
★ Performance
★ 8十商業模式
關鍵字(英) ★ EMS
★ Turnkey
★ Consignment
★ Performance
★ 8  business model
論文目次 第1章 緒論 1
1.1. 研究背景 1
1.2. 研究動機 2
1.3. 研究目的 2
1.4. 研究架構與流程 3
第2章 文獻探討 4
2.1. 經營環境掃描 4
2.2. EMS產業 6
2.2.1. EMS的定義 6
2.2.2. EMS產業的商業模式 8
2.3. 商業模式 9
2.3.1. 商業模式定義與組成要素 10
2.3.2. 商業模式的架構與系統邏輯 17
2.4 經營策略 25
2.4.1 經營策略定義 25
2.4.2 策略規劃- SWOT分析 29
2.5 EMS的經營績效 30
2.5.1 傳統經營績效衡量指標 30
2.5.2 傳統經營績效的計算 36
2.5.3 「8十獲利模式」 37
2.5.4 「8十獲利模式」的計算公式 39
第3章 研究方法 43
3.1 個案研究法 43
3.2 研究方法與工具 44
3.1.1 「8十事業法則」 44
3.1.2 「8十國家模式」 44
3.1.3 「8十事業模式」 44
3.1.4 「8十營運模式」 45
3.1.5 「8十獲利模式」 45
第4章 個案公司商業模式分析 46
4.1. 個案公司說明 46
4.2. 個案公司現行之8十商業模式 46
4.2.1. 市場定位與價值關係 46
4.2.2. 企業使命與價值承諾 46
4.2.3. 專業知識與組織架構 47
4.2.4. 企業願景與章程辦法 48
4.2.5. 價值創新與忠心謀略 48
4.2.6. 資源投入與團隊合一 49
4.2.7. 作業流程與經驗傳習 50
4.2.8. 產品組合與顧客服務 50
4.3. 目前8十商業模式對照分析與面臨問題 54
4.4. 個案公司歷史獲利表現 54
4.5. 經營問題分析與對策 55
4.5.1. 產品組合不佳 55
4.5.2. 供應鏈管理薄弱 56
4.5.3. 經營費用逐漸攀升 57
人事成本 57
匯率成本 59
第5章 外部環境分析 61
5.1 中國環境概況 61
5.1.1 中國近年政治發展與法令改變 61
5.1.2 中國經濟發展概況 62
5.1.3 中國社會環境的變化 65
5.1.4 中國科技環境變化 69
5.2 中國EMS經營環境分析 71
第6章 個案公司競爭環境與主要競爭對手分析 73
6.1 全球EMS產業競爭情況 73
6.2 個案公司所在地區競爭分析 74
6.3 個案公司與競爭對手之比較 76
第7章 個案公司SWOT分析與新事業模式 79
7.1. 8十SWOT分析與策略規劃建議 79
7.2. 個案公司新營運模式績效評估 82
7.2.1. 市場定位與價值關係 82
7.2.2. 企業使命與價值承諾 82
7.2.3. 專業知識與組織架構 82
7.2.4. 企業願景與章程辦法 82
7.2.5. 價值創新與忠心謀略 83
7.2.6. 資源投入與團隊合一 83
7.2.7. 作業流程與經驗傳習 83
7.2.8. 產品組合與顧客服務 83
第8章 結論與建議 87
8.1. 結論 87
8.2. 建議 87
參考文獻 88
附錄 95
個案公司近五年財務資料及未來五年財務預測 95
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三 參考網址
1. 360百科 http://baike.so.com/
2. 百度http://www.baidu.com/
3. 維基百科http://zh.wikipedia.org/
4. 新華網 http://www.xinhuant.com/
5. 中華人民共和國國家統計局http://data.stats.gov.cn/index
6. http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_712060fe0100ziqz.html
7. ESM國際電子商情http://www.esmchina.com/
8. 智庫MBALib http://wiki.mbalib.com/
指導教授 鄭漢鐔 審核日期 2014-7-17
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