博碩士論文 101456012 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:53 、訪客IP:18.232.51.247
姓名 賴郁華( YU-HUA LAI)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 工業管理研究所在職專班
論文名稱 應用平衡計分卡於自製與委外採購評估模式之研究-以化合物半導體晶圓製造代工廠為例
(A Make or Outsourcing Decision Model In Compound Semiconductors Industry Using a Balanced Scorecard Approach)
相關論文
★ 應用灰色理論於有機農產品之經營管理— 需求預測及關鍵成功因素探討★ NAND型Flash價格與交運量預測在風險分析下之決策模式
★ 工業電腦用無鉛晶片組最適存貨政策之研究-以A公司為例★ 砷化鎵代工廠磊晶之最適存貨管理-以W公司為例
★ 資訊分享&決策制定下產銷協同關係之研究 -以IC設計業為例★ 應用分析層級法於電子化學品業委外供應商評選準則之研究
★ 應用資料探勘於汽車售服零件庫存滯銷因素分析-以C公司為例★ 多目標規劃最佳六標準差水準: 以薄膜電晶體液晶顯示器C公司製造流程為例
★ 以資料探勘技術進行消費者返廠定期保養之實證研究★ 以價值鏈觀點探討品牌公司關鍵組織流程之取決-以S公司為例
★ 應用產銷協同規劃之流程改善於化纖產業-現況改善與效益分析★ 權力模式與合作關係對於報價策略之影響研究—以半導體產業A公司為例
★ 應用資料探勘於汽車製造業之庫存原因分析★ 以類神經網路預測代工費報價---以中小面板產業C公司為例
★ 電路板產業存貨改善研究-以N公司為例★ 運用六標準差改善機台備用零件(Spare parts)存貨管理
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 無論是手機、無線區域網絡、高頻率的基地台、光纖、衛星等所需之最新規格或下幾世代的無線射頻應用,要成為客戶生產委外的最佳夥伴,則需提供充分的產能及技術支援。砷化鎵晶圓製造廠的生產模式與矽晶圓製造廠極為類似,但由於產品與技術的複雜度較高,並無法達到經濟生產規模,對砷化鎵的產業而言,秉持著以提供全球無線通訊客戶完整代工解決方案為願景,同時降低成本吸引客戶下單一直是重點做法,但是現今市場需求的穩定性逐漸地消失,為了提高企業回應顧客需求的能力,提升供應鏈管理、運用彈性供應鏈策略做垂直整合,已成為砷化鎵產業必要的生存條件。
本研究主要探究企業運用自製或外購的方式,增加企業的經營彈性並提升產業競爭力,建立彈性生產做法,供應自製磊晶片原物料,同時適時調整對外購的需求,使得庫存水位及成本控制調整適宜,來因應各種生產產品組合的生產程序。本研究透過訪談及實際參與,運用核心競爭力及五力分析,並透過平衡計分卡提出評量項目,探討企業於決策自製或委外採購時所考量的因素,建立自製與外購的策略性決策模式,以因應市場需求變化對企業獲利所造成的衝擊。
摘要(英) Both the phones, wireless LAN, high-frequency base stations, fiber optic, satellite and other necessary specifications or under a few of the latest generation of wireless RF applications, you need to provide sufficient capacity and technical support to keep the best partner for our customers. GaAs wafer fab production model is very similar with the silicon wafer manufacturer, but cannot achieve economies of scale of production due to the complexity of products and technologies are high. On the GaAs industry, the goal is to provide the global wireless communications solutions to customers, while reducing costs to attract customer orders has been the focus approach. But the stability of the current market demand is gradually disappearing, in order to improve the enterprise's ability to respond to customer needs, supply chain management improvement, the use of flexible supply chain strategy to make vertical integration has become a necessary condition for survival GaAs industry.
This study explored the use of make or outsourcing model to increase flexibility and enterprise management to enhance industrial competitiveness, creating flexible production practices, supply in-house wafers, while the demand for timely adjustment of outsourcing, making appropriate adjustments inventory level control and costs, to cope with a variety of production portfolio production process. Through interviews and actual participation, the use of core competencies and five forces analysis, assessment made by the Balanced Scorecard project to explore the factors that the enterprises consider if make or outsourcing to establish strategic decisions, in response to changes in the market for corporate profits caused by the impact.
關鍵字(中) ★ 核心競爭能力
★ 平衡計分卡
★ 自製或外購
★ 決策模式
關鍵字(英) ★ Core Competence
★ Balanced Scorecard
★ Make or Outsourcing
★ Decision Model
論文目次 中文摘要 .................................................................................................................................... i
Abstract ...................................................................................................................................... ii
誌謝 .......................................................................................................................................... iii
目錄 .......................................................................................................................................... iv
圖目錄 ...................................................................................................................................... vi
表目錄 ..................................................................................................................................... vii
第一章 緒論 ........................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 研究背景 ................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 .................................................................................................... 4
1.3 研究架構與流程 .................................................................................................... 5
1.4 研究範圍與限制 .................................................................................................... 7
第二章 文獻探討 ................................................................................................................ 8
2.1 策略的涵義與管理 ................................................................................................ 8
2.2 自製與委外採購決策 .......................................................................................... 11
2.3 核心競爭能力的分析 .......................................................................................... 15
2.4 標竿學習 .............................................................................................................. 22
2.5 平衡計分卡與策略地圖 ...................................................................................... 26
第三章 研究方法 .............................................................................................................. 34
3.1 研究架構與對象 .................................................................................................. 34
3.2 研究步驟 .............................................................................................................. 35
3.3 資料來源與分析 .................................................................................................. 36
第四章 個案研究 .............................................................................................................. 39
4.1 個案背景 .............................................................................................................. 39
4.1.1 產業介紹 .................................................................................................. 39
4.1.2 個案公司基本介紹 .................................................................................. 41
4.2 個案公司生產與供應鏈現況 .............................................................................. 47
4.2.1 生產及供應鏈特性 .................................................................................. 48
4.2.2 產品組合的特性 ...................................................................................... 49
4.2.3 砷化鎵代工廠與矽晶圓代工廠的異同點比較 ...................................... 50
4.3 個案公司問題分析與改善過程 .......................................................................... 52
4.3.1 核心競爭力與五力分析之探討 .............................................................. 53
4.3.2 自製與外購決策流程 .............................................................................. 56
4.3.3 以平衡計分卡評估自製與外購策略 ...................................................... 60
4.4 研究成果與分析 .................................................................................................. 64
4.4.1 自製與外購評估模式的流程 .................................................................. 66
4.4.2 自製與外購評估模式的效益 .................................................................. 67
第五章 結論 ...................................................................................................................... 72
5.1 研究結論 .............................................................................................................. 72
5.2 研究之建議及未來研究方向 .............................................................................. 73
參考文獻 ................................................................................................................................. 75
參考文獻 【英文文獻】
1. Cam Scholey, May-June 2005, “Capturing the Value of Strategy Maps, Step-By-Step”, Journal of Business Strategy, Vol.26, pp.12-19.
2. Cam Scholey, 2002, “ A Practical Guide to the Balanced Scorecard”, CCH Canadian.
3. Carlos Niezen, Wulf Weller & Heidi Deringer, Winter 2007, “Strategic Supply Management”, MIT Sloan Management Rview, Vol.48, No.2, pp.7.
4. Charles A. Watts, Kee Young Kim & Chan K. Hahn, March 1995, “Linking Purchasing to Corporate Competitive Strategy”, International Journal of Purchasing and Materials Management, Vol.31, No.1, pp.2-8.
5. Daniel R. Krause, March 1997, “Supplier Development:Current Practices and Outcomes”, International Journal of Purchasing and Material Management, Vol.33, No.1, pp.12-19.
6. Francesco Zirpoli & Markus C. Becker, Winter 2011, “What Happens When You Outsourcing Too Much?”, MIT Sloan Management Rview, Vol.52, No.2, pp.59-64.
7. Henry W. Chesbrough & David J. Teece, Jan-Feb 1996, “Organizing for Innovation : When is Virtual Virtuous?”, Harvard Business Review, pp.65-73.
8. Horst-Henning Wolf, Summer 2005, “Making the Transition to Strategic Purchasing”, MIT Sloan Management Rview, Vol.46, No.4, pp.17-20.
9. Howard M. Armitage & Cameron Scholey, 2006, “Using Strategy Maps to Drive Performance”, Society of Management Accountants of Canada.
10. Jerome Barthelemy, Spring 2001, “The Hidden Costs of IT Outsourcing”, MIT Sloan Management Review, pp.60-69.
11. John N. Pearson & Karen J. Gritzmacher, June 1990, “Integrating Purchasing into Strategic Management”, Long Range Planning, Vol.23, No.3, pp.91-99.
12. Kim W. Chan & Renee Mauborgne, October 2004, “Blue Ocean Stragegy”, Harvard Business Review, pp.71-143.
13. Mark Sena & James Sena, 2010, “Make or Buy:A Comparative Assessment of Organizations That Develop Software Internally Versus Those That Purchase software”, Education Special Interest Group of the AITP, v3, n1514, pp.1-14.
14. Mark Keough, 1993, “Buying Your Way to the Top”, The McKinsey Quarterly, No.3.
15. Michael Porter, 1997, “Competitive Strategy: Measuring Business Excellence”, Harvard Business School, Vol.1, No.2, pp.12-17.
16. Michael Porter, January 2008, “The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy”, Harvard Business Review.
17. Patricija Bajec, Igor Jakomin, 2010, “A Make-or-Buy Decision Process for Outsourcing”, Promet-Traffic & Transportation, Vol.22, No.4, pp.285-291.
18. Peter Kraljic, Sep-Oct 1983, “Purchasing Must Become Supply Management”, Harvard Business Review, pp.109-117.
19. Robert J. Trent & Robert M. Monczka, Fall 2005, “Achieving Excellence In Global Sourcing”, MIT Sloan Management Rview, Vol.47, No.1, pp.24-32.
20. Robert S. Kaplan & David P. Norton, Fall 1996, “Linking the Balanced Scorecard to Work”, California Management Review, Vol.39, No.1, pp.53-79.
21. Robert S. Kaplan & David P. Norton, September-October 1993, “Putting the Balanced Scorecard to Work”, Harvard Business Review, pp.134-147.
22. Robert S. Kaplan & David P. Norton, January-February 1992, “The Balanced Scorecard - Measure That Drive Performance”, Harvard Business Review, pp.71-79.
23. Robert S. Kaplan & David P. Norton, March 2010, “Transforming the Balanced Scorecard from Performance Measurement to Strategic Measurement”, Account Horizons, Vol.15, No.1, pp.87-104.
24. Robert S. Kaplan & David P. Norton, Jan-Feb 1996, “Using the Balanced Scorecard as a Strategic Measurement System”, Harvard Business Review, pp.75-85.
【中文文獻】
25. Carols Niezen & Wulf Weller,September 2006,「採購也能大發利市」,哈佛商業評論,25-26頁。
26. Gary P. Pisano & Willy C. Shih,March 2012,「策略力3:外包不是唯一選擇,留住在地製造業吧!」,哈佛商業評論,91-97頁。
27. Karlof, B., Lundgren, K. and Froment, M.E.,2002,「標竿學習-向企業典範取經」,三民書局,胡瑋珊譯。
28. Robert S. Kaplan & David P. Norton,1999,「平衡計分卡:資訊時代的策略管理工具」,臉譜出版社,朱道凱譯。
29. 大前研一,1987,「策略家的智慧」,長河出版社。
30. 伍思賢,2004,「事業經營策略實戰全書」,商周出版。
31. 司徒達賢,1995,「策略管理」,遠流出版公司。
32. 吳思華,2002,「策略九說」,臉譜出版社。
33. 吳安妮,1997,「平衡計分卡觀念之靈活運用」,會計研究月刊,第138期。
34. 吳安妮,2003,「平衡計分卡之精隨、範疇及整合(上)」,會計研究月刊,第211期。
35. 邱志聖,2003,「行策略分析:架構與實務運用」,智勝文化。
36. 波特 (Michael E. Porter),2003,「競爭策略」,天下遠見。
37. 徐作聖,1999,「策略致勝—科技產業競爭優勢策略分析的新模式」,遠流出版社。
38. 陳梧桐,1998,「從全球市場看晶圓代工前景」,工業技術研究院電子工業研究所。
39. 唐富藏,1996,「企業政策與策略」,大行出版社。
40. 湯明哲,2003,「策略精論」,天下遠見出版社。
41. 許振邦,2004,「採購與供應管理」,華泰書局。
42. 許振邦,2010,「供應管理的大趨勢前瞻性的品項策略」,華泰書局。
指導教授 陳振明 審核日期 2014-1-6
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明