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姓名 梁雅芳(Ya-fang Liang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 員工績效與職涯成功之關連性-以LMX為調節變項
(The Study of the Relationship Between Job Performance and Career Success: The Moderating Effects of LMX)
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摘要(中) 員工之組織行為是相當複雜的,不能僅以單一因素考量,而由過去諸多的研究可發現,探討組織行為必須同時考量個人與情境因素。參考Turner (1960)員工向上流動或職涯發展的研究認為惟有將競爭性移動系統與贊助性移動系統聯合後產生的交互作用效果來預測員工的職涯成功,才可能會有較高的預測效果。因此,在員工職涯發展的過程中,除了員工個人績效表現外,LMX亦是影響關鍵因子。
本研究採跨產業樣本蒐集之方式,主要來自49家企業,共回收176份有效問卷。本研究將員工績效區分為任務性績效與適應性績效,亦分別採用晉升力評分(傳統職涯成功)與移動力評分(組織內無疆界職涯成功),以期探討員工於任務性績效與適應性績效對主管給予部屬在兩種職涯成功的解釋力,同時關注LMX對上述關係間存在的調節效果。
研究結果發現,任務性績效與適應性績效分別對於晉升力評分和移動力評分間具有顯著的關連性,而在LMX在任務性績效上分別對晉升力評分和移動力評分間的關係具有負向調節效果,且LMX在適應性績效上分別對晉升力評分和移動力評分的關係具有正向調節效果,顯示LMX會影響員工績效與職涯成功間的關係,故組織應正視LMX對於員工組織行為的影響力。
摘要(英) Organizational behavior is quite complicated. As previous literature reviewed, both sutiational and individual factors should be taken into consideration when we discussed organizational behavior. We have found that job performance and LMX are two key elements indicating employee’s career success , as refer to Tuner (1960) mentioned in the report which can successfully forecast the organizational behavior by the interaction of contest and sponsor mobility.
In this study, 176 valid questionnaires from 49 companies in different industries were collected for data analysis. After literatures reviewed, this study divided job performance into two factors, task performance and adaptive performance .And we was aimed to find out the relationship of promotability rating (traditional career success) and mobility rating (intra-boundaryless career success) with these two factors and focus on the moderating effect of LMX between job performance and career success at the same time.
Based on the result of this survey, the main effect explained that job performance and career success consisted significant and positive relation. And we also found LMX can moderate the relationship between job performance and career success. So we need to pay attention to the impact to employee’s behavior by LMX in the organization.
關鍵字(中) ★ 任務性績效
★ 適應性績效
★ LMX
★ 職涯成功
★ 無疆界職涯成功
★ 晉升力評分
關鍵字(英) ★ task performance
★ adaptive performance
★ LMX
★ career success
★ boundaryless career success
★ promotability ratings
論文目次 中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
圖目錄 v
表目錄 v
第一章 緒 論 1
第二章 文獻探討與研究假說 6
第一節 職涯成功 6
第二節 員工績效 8
第三節 主管-部屬交換 11
第四節 員工績效與職涯成功的關連性 14
第五節 主管-部屬交換關係對員工績效與職涯成功之關係的調節效果 18
第三章 研究方法 22
第一節 研究架構 22
第二節 研究流程與對象 22
第三節 研究變項衡量 23
第四章 資料分析與結果 26
第一節 描述性資料統計 26
第二節 信度與效度分析 27
第三節 相關分析 29
第四節 階層迴歸分析 30
第五章 結論與建議 36
第一節 研究結果與討論 36
第二節 學術貢獻 39
第三節 管理意涵 40
第四節 研究限制與未來研究方向 43
參考文獻 44
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指導教授 林文政(Wen-jng Lin) 審核日期 2014-7-17
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