博碩士論文 101521082 詳細資訊




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姓名 彭志軒(Zhi-Xuan Peng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 電機工程學系
論文名稱 具感知訊號視覺回饋及客觀評量之復健無線傳輸儀器研發
(Study and Development of Rehabilitation Assistive Devices with the Functions of Wireless Sensing Feedback and Objective Assessment)
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摘要(中) 近年國人飲食習慣西化,中風病患的數量逐漸增長,復健成為醫院主要項目之一,而復健的過程中需要可量化的評估指標來呈現病患的復健情況,因此希望藉由肌電訊號(Electromyography, EMG)觀察病人復健時肌肉的出力情形,透過肌電訊號可得知肌肉收縮強度的大小,進一步分析將能提供治療師重要的量化評估指標。研究首先利用以NI儀器所建構的肌電感測系統測量27位中風病患復健前、後的肌電訊號,其中11人以傳統方式進行復健,另外16人透過虛擬實境進行復健,把肌電訊號的結果與慣性感測和醫師復健評估量表的結果互相比對,驗證肌電訊號RMS與CI指標之可靠性,在實驗結果中發現對於發病超過6個月後以虛擬實境方式進行復健的8位病患,有7位皆呈現進步的情形,顯示虛擬情境對於復健療程的效果有一定程度上的幫助,並將27位中風病患的復健前後肌電訊號與復健前後沃夫動作功能評量分數進行比對,發現其中18位有相同進步或退步的趨勢。本研究以XBee傳輸模組搭配STM32系統板發展一套輕量化多通道的無線肌電感測系統,體積從原本舊系統的10.5cm × 5cm × 6cm縮小為6cm × 2.5cm × 3cm,重量從101.3g降為30.6g,以LabVIEW設計即時分析的觀測介面,透過圖形顯示呈現每個通道即時的肌力強度,即時CI指標讓使用者瞭解肌肉間的收縮關係,並以燈號回饋告知使用者是否使用正確的肌肉區塊。系統開發完成後,為測試訊號品質,利用本系統與Shimmer公司已商業化生產的無線肌電量測系統和以SIOC實驗板搭配Zigbee為基礎的舊系統進行量測二頭肌的肌電訊號SNR比較實驗,結果顯示本系統的SNR為28.69dB,舊系統的SNR為28.10dB,而Shimmer肌電量測儀器的SNR為28.97dB,顯示本系統訊號品質比舊系統好,且與Shimmer肌電量測儀器相近,並對三套系統輸入相同的正弦波訊號,分別計算各自的SNR,本系統的SNR為21.39dB,舊系統的SNR為19.41dB,Shimmer系統的SNR為22.65dB,結果與二頭肌的肌電訊號SNR比較實驗呈現相同的趨勢,另外也進行肌肉疲勞指數的測量;在八顆感測器穩定度實驗中,感測器的訊號SNR均在28dB左右,變動率最高僅0.63%,說明訊號不會隨不同顆感測器而有太大差異。接著對5位健康個案(5男, 年齡23-25歲)和5位中風(4男1女, 年齡分別為56、28、64、45與28歲)病患進行多顆感測器的量測,針對前舉、外展與手肘彎曲90度動作量測手臂與肩頸的肌電訊號,並比較健康個案與病患的差異;另一方面比較同一病患於本系統與NI系統的CI指標分析結果,顯示以本系統量測時病患的手臂抬高角度較高;最後將5位病患透過新系統與NI系統所量測到的肌電訊號RMS最大值進行樣本T檢定,結果顯示五位病患使用兩種不同系統所量測到的資料沒有顯著差異(p > 0.05),說明以新系統量測能在不影響實驗結果的情況下提升使用者的動作流暢度與行動力。以上在本系統的量測過程中使用者皆可透過觀測介面中即時CI指標與燈號得知肌群出力模式,總結以上結果顯示肌電訊號不僅能以RMS評估病患肌耐力回復程度,計算中位數頻率得知肌肉疲勞情況,且經由多通道肌電訊號的量測並分析CI指標可觀察不同動作肌肉間的出力模式,評估病患的協調性。
摘要(英) In recent years, our westernized eating habits have led to the growth of stroke patient numbers. Therefore, the stroke rehabilitation has become one of the main important facilities in the hospital. The rehabilitation of a stroke patient can be presented by quantitative assessment index. Thus, it is desired to obtain the patient′s rehabilitation condition by measuring the electromyography (EMG) of the patients. Further, through the analysis of EMG, we can provide a quantitative indicator of muscle strength which is intended for the physical therapist. In this study, the EMG measurement system constructed by NI instruments was first used to measure a total of twenty-seven stroke patients′ EMG signals which were obtained before and after rehabilitation. Sixteen of them conducted the rehabilitation by using virtual reality (VR). Then we compared the EMG analysis result with the inertial measurement results and also with the Wolf motor function test (WMFT) to find the same trend in order to verify the reliability of EMG indicators. The experimental results showed that the patients who have more than six months to conduct virtual reality rehabilitation have excellent results. The 18 out of 27 patients presented the same trend in the EMG results and the Wolf motor function test. This study used XBee module and STM32 system board to develop a small-sized and multi-channel wireless EMG measurement system with a LabVIEW-based software interface to monitor, display and analyze the signal. The new system (6cm × 2.5cm × 3cm, 30.6g) has significantly reduced size and weight compared to the old system (10.5cm × 5cm × 6cm, 101.3g). The interface can display the muscle strength with bars and analyze the real-time co-contraction index to inform the users whether they used the correct muscles with the green light. In order to examine the signal quality of the sensors, EMG signals were first measured from five healthy subjects (5 males, age 23-25) with three different wireless EMG measurement systems (i.e., New system, Old system and Shimmer system) in terms of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). The results showed that both the new system (28.69dB) and the Shimmer system (28.10dB) were better than the old system (28.94dB). For comparison purpose, the same sinusoidal signal was selected as input for three different systems (i.e., New system, Old system and Shimmer system) to obtain 21.39dB, 19.41dB, and 22.65dB, respectively. The spectral fatigue indices of three systems also indicated obvious appearance of muscle fatigue. Before performing the multi-channel EMG measurement, the signal quality of the sensors had been examined whether they were identical or not. The results showed that the sensors’ signal SNR were about 28dB with 0.63% variation. We then conducted the multi-channel EMG measurement on the same five healthy subjects and five stroke patients (4 male and 1 female, age 56, 28, 64, 45 and 28) with three different movements (i.e., shoulder flexion, shoulder abduction and elbow flexion) and compared the differences between the healthy subjects and stroke patients. We also compared the CI index of EMG measured by the new system and the NI-based system. Finally, the EMG signals of five patients were measured with the new system and NI-based system and analyzed with the Paired-Samples T Test. The result showed that there was no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the data measured with the two systems. This means that the new system could streamline the movement and mobility of the body without affecting the experimental results. Through the real-time RMS, CI index, and green light indicator on the interface, the subjects can immediately know the situation of their muscles. The above results showed that EMG signals were not only able to be used to assess the degree of muscle strength by RMS and muscle fatigue by using median frequency, but also able to be used to observe the contribution mode of muscles through multi-channel EMG measurement.
關鍵字(中) ★ 肌電訊號
★ 無線量測
★ Zigbee
★ CI指標
★ 中位數頻率
關鍵字(英) ★ Electromyography
★ Wireless measurement
★ Zigbee
★ CI index
★ Median frequency
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract IV
致謝 IV
目錄 IX
圖目錄 XI
表目錄 XVII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2文獻探討 4
1.2.1肌電訊號之簡介與量測 4
1.2.2肌電訊號的處理與應用 6
1.3研究目的 12
1.4論文架構 13
第二章 中風病患之復健評估 14
2.1基於NI儀器所建構之肌電訊號量測系統 14
2.2復健動作與肌電訊號評估參數指標之簡介 15
2.3肌電訊號評估參數指標可靠性之驗證 17
第三章 多通道無線量測系統架構 33
3.1肌電訊號量測前置硬體電路 33
3.2肌電訊號類比數位轉換與無線傳輸模組 35
3.3無線肌電訊號量測系統軟體架構 39
第四章 實驗結果與討論 43
4.1無線肌電訊號量測系統比較 43
4.2肌肉疲勞度量測 51
4.3多通道肌電訊號量測 53
4.4即時分析介面之感知回饋 62
4.5病患多通道肌電訊號量測 66
第五章 結論與未來展望 82
5.1結論 82
5.2未來展望 82
參考文獻 87
附錄A 90
附錄B 94
附錄C 98
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指導教授 吳炤民(Chao-Min Wu) 審核日期 2014-8-25
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