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姓名 林胤斈(Yin-Hsueh Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 資訊工程學系
論文名稱 在LISP協定下一個基於貝氏網路之快取生命週期決定方法
(A Bayesian Network Based Cache Lifetime Determination Scheme for Locator/ID Separation Protocol)
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摘要(中) 現今使用的IP Address遽增,導致開發新型網路應用程式與網路服務有著極大困難。學者們提出了Locator/ID Separation Protocol(LISP)來解決此困境。LISP協定令IP address僅剩identifier功能,使用Ingress Tunnel Router(ITR)與Egress Tunnel Router(ETR)來代替locator 功能,並採用Mapping System將locator與identifier 做映射轉換。為了避免Mapping System負擔過重,ITR 上擁有快取(cache)設備。快取生命周期的長短將會影響ITR 對Mapping System 所發出的詢問次數。因此決定一個合適的cache lifetime 會使得Mapping System 的負擔得到舒緩,並減少mapping 所耗費的時間。

  本論文在LISP 協定下,提出了基於貝氏網路之快取生命週期決定方法(BNCLD)來計算合適的cache lifetime方法。貝氏網路在處理具有不確定性的相關知識時具有相當優勢,因為貝氏網路可以經由觀測到的證據或已知的背景知識對未知或具有不確定性的狀態進行推論。BNCLD透過資料萃取模組抓取可以從網路上觀測到的資料,並將觀測資料交由運算模組。以貝氏網路為核心進行運算,最後推得出合適的cache lifetime。模擬結果顯示BNCLD 的效能比Fixed Time Method(FTM)優異。BNCLD 在average ITR delay較之使用FTM減少可達32.57%,packet loss ratio減少可達35.24%,control overhead上減少可達33.58%。
摘要(英) Due to the usage of IP addresses rises rapidly, researchers proposed Locator/ID Separation Protocol (LISP) to solve the routing scalability problem. LISP reserves the “identifier” function of IP address. LISP uses Ingress Tunnel Router (ITR) and Egress Tunnel Router (ETR) to represent the “locator” function. LISP uses mapping system to map identifier and locator. To ease the heavy burden of mapping system, ITR has the cache equipment. The value of cache lifetime will influence the times that ITR queries mapping system. Therefore, deciding an appropriate cache lifetime can reduce the load of mapping system.

A Bayesian Network Based Cache Lifetime Determination scheme (BNCLD) for LISP is proposed in this thesis. According to the observed quantities or domain knowledge, Bayesian network can solve problems under uncertainty. BNCLD uses the Information Retrieve Module (IRM) to collect parameters from the Internet. BNCLD uses Computation Module (CM) which is based on Bayesian network to infer an appropriate cache lifetime. According to simulation experimental results, BNCLD outperforms than Fixed Time Method (FTM). BNCLD has shorter average ITR delay than FTM up to 32.57%. BNCLD improves the packet loss ratio up to 35.24%. BNCLD can reduce the control overhead up to 33.58%.
關鍵字(中) ★ 定位/標識分離協議
★ 貝氏網路
★ 快取生命週期
關鍵字(英) ★ Locator/ID Separation Protocol
★ Bayesian Network
★ Cache Lifetime
論文目次 第一章 緒論 .................................................................................... 1
1.1 概要 ................................................................................................................ 1
1.2 研究動機 ........................................................................................................ 2
1.3 研究目的 ........................................................................................................ 3
1.4 論文架構 ........................................................................................................ 4
第二章 背景知識與相關研究 ........................................................ 5
2.1 定位/標識分離協議(Locator/Identifier Separation Protocol,LISP) ..... 5
2.2 貝氏網路(Bayesian Network) ................................................................ 18
2.3 相關文獻比較 .............................................................................................. 22
第三章 系統設計 .......................................................................... 25
3.1 觀測資料的選擇 .......................................................................................... 25
3.2 系統架構 ...................................................................................................... 26
3.3 使用BNCLD 後的封包傳輸流程 .............................................................. 43
第四章 模擬結果與分析 .............................................................. 48
4.1 實驗環境 ...................................................................................................... 48
4.2 實驗一:在不同的flow 數量下,不同長短 對系統的影響.. 53
4.3 實驗二:在不同的flow 數量下,destination end user 平均更換地理位置機率對系統的影響 ...................................................................................... 58
4.4 實驗三:執行時間比較 .............................................................................. 64
第五章 結論 .................................................................................. 66
參考文獻 .......................................................................................... 67
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指導教授 周立德(Li-Der Chou) 審核日期 2014-8-29
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