博碩士論文 101524003 詳細資訊




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姓名 王品卿(Pin-ching Wang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 網路學習科技研究所
論文名稱 Web 2.0 英語學習活動之學生心流與學習動機歷程研究
(The Evolution of Flow and Learning Motivation in Web 2.0 EFL Learning Activity)
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摘要(中) 學習者的英語能力差距過大是教學現場的問題之一,且台灣學生在學習英語時缺少適當的練習情境,造成其在英語朗讀能力上較不足。基於教學現場及台灣學生在英語學習上的問題,在本研究中提出使用Web 2.0英語學習活動,讓學生透過數位說故事及同儕合作的方式,建立一個以學生為主的英語學習環境,期望藉由此學習方式提升學生的英語學習成效及學習動機,並深入探討學生在長期的Web 2.0英語學習活動中學生心流經驗與學習動機的變化歷程。

從研究結果中發現在此學習活動後,學生的英語學習成效、學習動機皆呈現顯著提升。學生的英語詞彙及英語朗讀能力上成長,隨著活動參與次數的增加,學生對於學習活動的動機漸漸成長,推測原因為學生掌控自我的學習、學習活動中的發表及同儕的討論下,對於其英語學習成效和自信心產生影響,進而提升在各項度的動機上升。

整體而言,在長期的學習活動過程中,學生的心流主要呈現W形,從研究中可以得知學生在於科技融入學習活動初期,在控制力、專注力、好奇心及內在興趣上呈現下降的趨勢,並呈現3個階段,分別為退潮階段、嘗試復甦階段及穩定復甦階段,好奇心變動周期較長,學生的好奇心可能因初期的科技新奇效應消失。隨著活動過程中,老師及發表活動的引導與激勵下,學生的學習漸入佳境,營造出愉悅的學習環境,進而提升學生的學習感受、學習動機及學習成效。此外,在研究中發現學生在Web 2.0英語學習活動初期,其心流經驗及學習動機漸漸低落,如教學者須將科技融入教學現場時,建議教學者在於學習活動初期可以提供協助與輔助學習者學習的鷹架,使學生能在更加愉悅的學習環境中進行學習。
摘要(英) Several situations have appeared in the classroom regarding English language learning. For instance, there is a big gap of English ability between the high achievement and low achievement students. Additionally, a lack of an appropriate learning situation leads students to have difficulties in English learning. To this end, an empirical study was conducted in the study to examine how Web 2.0 affected the students′ English learning. In other words, the Web 2.0 English learning activity was employed to create a student-centered environment, which can let the students create the story and collaborate with each other in a digital environment. By doing so, this study expected the students′ English learning performance and motivation would be improved. Furthermore, within a long-term study design, the flow and learning motivation were examined to see how Web 2.0 English learning activity would influence the students′ English learning.

The results from this study showed that the students′ learning performance and motivation were significantly improved after engaging in the Web 2.0 English learning activity. The students’ English vocabulary and English oral reading ability were enhanced. Regarding the learning motivation, it was also improved by participating in the Web 2.0 English learning activity. On the other hand, the students′ flow experience, in terms of control, attention focus, curiosity and intrinsically interesting, were decreased in the beginning of Web 2.0 English learning activity. In the long-term Web 2.0 English learning activity, students’ flow experience were divided into three stages of ebb, try to recovery and stabilized recovery by the 19 times of data collection.

However, the students′ flow experience was significantly improved in the end of Web 2.0 English learning activity. The results suggested that Web 2.0 English learning activity was beneficial to advance the students′ English learning performance, motivation and flow experience. The results from this study are used to support the further development of Web 2.0 English learning activity, which can support both instructor and students to create more joyful English learning environment. In addition, if the instructors used the technology in the class, this study suggested that the instructors can provide scaffolding to assist students on English learning.
關鍵字(中) ★ Web 2.0
★ 心流經驗
★ 學習動機
★ 英語學習
關鍵字(英) ★ Web 2.0
★ flow experience
★ learning motivation
★ English learning
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
目錄 V
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的與問題 3
1.3 名詞解釋 3
1.4 研究範圍與限制 5
1.5 論文架構 5
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1 科技融入英語學習活動 6
2.1.1 平板電腦融入英語學習 6
2.1.2 Web 2.0與學習感受 7
2.2 心流 9
2.2.1 心流的理論基礎 9
2.2.2 心流與新奇效應 10
2.2.3 心流與學習動機 11
2.3 數位說故事 13
第三章 學習平台設計 15
3.1 活動設計 15
3.2 系統設計 16
3.3 學習檔案設計 17
3.4 繪本製作 19
3.3.1 繪本製作 20
3.3.2 繪本閱讀 21
3.5 繪本發表 22
第四章 研究方法 24
4.1 研究對象 24
4.2 研究流程 24
4.3 實驗設計 26
4.4 研究工具 32
4.4.1 英語單字測驗 32
4.4.2 英語朗讀正確度測驗 32
4.4.3 學校英語測驗 33
4.4.4 學習動機量表 33
4.4.5 心流量表 35
4.4.6 電子繪本 36
4.5 資料收集與分析 38
4.5.1 學習學習成效差異分析 38
4.5.2 學習動機差異分析 38
4.5.3 心流歷程變化分析 38
4.5.4 事後訪談 40
第五章 實驗結果與討論 41
5.1 學生作品之描述性統計 41
5.2 學生學習成效差異分析 48
5.2.1 英語單字測驗分析 48
5.2.2 英語朗讀測驗分析 48
5.2.3 學校英語測驗 49
5.3 學習動機差異分析 51
5.3.1 內在動機 53
5.3.2 外在動機 54
5.3.3 工作價值 55
5.3.4 學習的自我效能 56
5.3.5 同儕學習 57
5.4 心流變化分析 59
5.4.1 心流平均 59
5.4.2 控制力 62
5.4.3 專注力 64
5.4.4 好奇心 67
5.4.5 內在興趣 70
5.4.6 能力 74
5.4.7 挑戰 77
5.4.8 學生能力與挑戰分析 79
5.5 事後訪談 81
第六章 結論與建議 87
6.1 結論 87
6.2 未來發展與建議 89
參考文獻 91
附錄A 英語單字測驗 99
附錄B 英語朗讀正確度測驗 101
附錄C 學校英語測驗 102
附錄D 學習動機量表 104
附錄E 心流量表 106
附錄F 訪談問題 107
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指導教授 劉晨鐘(Chen-Chung Liu) 審核日期 2014-7-28
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