||Over the past few decades, many researches of Science Education think that applying computer simulation to science learning and teaching activities is effective. In order to improve experience and motivation of observing natural and real world for student, we use computer simulation can not only convert abstract concept of science phenomena to visual teaching material, but also assist student to progress operations of science experiment. Thus, this way can make student active learning from personal experience, instead of learning concept and knowledge of science passively.|
With computer simulation makes unceasing progress, Science Education get more and more attention on teaching and constructing knowledge by used activity way. There are many research try to add computer simulation system to investigate education on the spot teaching. The purpose is making student operate computer simulation system after observing natural; making student become active learning from passive absorb knowledge and converting abstract concept to easier and more concreter image to present; finally making student connect the knowledge to real situation in order to let learning more effective and easier.
The experiment subjects of this research is student from three class of junior high school first year in Taipei whose science teacher is the same. In addition, students are in the same science level and have yet to learn the buoyancy relevant course. There are 58 students in three class as our experiment subjects. Experiment classify experiment subjects into two categories, Group A, 30 students, provide science article and science stimulation at the same time; and Group B, 28 students, make they operate science simulation in advance then reading science article.
In the result of research, we found Group A have strategic operation when they use the computer simulation system. In order to authenticate the science concept which is learned from the article, they use computer simulation system to convert the abstract concept of article to more concrete presentation. Vice versa, Group B doesn’t have strategic operation when they use the computer simulation system. Because they don’t have the guide of science article, they must to try various variables many times during using computer simulation system.
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