博碩士論文 101524010 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳秉成(Bing-cheng Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 網路學習科技研究所
論文名稱 明日寫作平台之實踐:透過「讀促創」與「聊促修」活動提升學生寫作表現、讀者意識及自我效能
(The Practice of Tomorrow′s Writing Platform: The Activity of “Reading for Creating” and “Talking for Revising” to Improve Students′ Writing Performance, Audience Awareness, and Self-efficacy)
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摘要(中) 過去研究發現國小學生在寫作時常常會遭遇到困難,包括書寫時缺乏想法、寫作阻塞及不知如何修改文章等問題。為了克服學生的寫作困難,本研究奠基於先前研究成果,即透過主題文章閱讀與自由寫方式,促進學生寫作,產生文章初稿,稱為「讀促創」;透過同儕回應的方式,促進學生間給予意見,進而修改自己的文章,稱為「聊促修」。因此,本研究設計並整合「讀促創」與「聊促修」活動,發展「明日寫作」平台並實踐於小學現場,以期提昇學生的寫作表現,並且觀察學生在讀者意識與寫作自我效能的變化。本研究分兩階段進行。第一階段為前導研究,首先導入「讀促創」活動,由8名四年級教師帶領8個班共計218名學生進行,分析學生寫作想法產出與寫作表現之間的關係;第二階段為準實驗研究,自8個班挑選其中4個班參與,隨機分派至同儕回應組 (n=53) 與個人寫作組 (n=57),共計110名學生。同儕回應組學生進行「讀促創」與「聊促修」的寫作活動,而個人寫作組學生則是進行「讀促創」與「自我修改」活動,並且比較兩組學生於寫作表現與情意面向的差異。研究結果發現:「讀促創」活動可以幫助兩組的學生連結個人經驗與知識,引導其思考與想像,進而產出更多寫作想法並表達,且能提升其語意層次(相異詞彙量)的寫作表現;而「聊促修」活動可以幫助學生在語法層次(寫作字數、寫作句數)上有較高的寫作表現,並且在情意面向方面,學生也有較高的自我效能與讀者意識,然而兩組學生在寫作興趣面向沒有顯著差異。
摘要(英) Previous studies found primary school students often had writing difficulty, such as lacking of writing ideas, writing blocks, and difficulties of revising. This study integrated previous studies to design a “Tomorrow’s Writing” platform based on “reading for creating” and “talking for revising” activities to enhance their writing performance and affective . “Reading for creating” activity could stimulate students to generate a draft by theme-based reading and free-writing. “Talking for revising” could promote students to revise their drafts by peer responses. This study was conducted into two phases. The first phase is a pilot study and focused on “reading for creating.” The participants were 8 fourth grader classes with 8 teachers and 218 students. The purpose of this pilot study is to know the relationship between ideas generating and writing performance. The second phase is a qui-experiment. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of “talking for revising.” The participants were four classes students selected from the previous 8 classes and random assigned to peer response group (n = 53) and independent writing group (n = 57). The main difference of these two groups is revising activity, “talking for revising” and “self-revising.” The results indicated that “reading for creating” activity could help students activate their prior experiences and knowledge, so that students can generate more ideas and enhance their syntactic level of writing performance (increasing total number of type token). In contrast, “talking for revising” activity could enhance peer response group students semantic level of writing performance (increasing total number of Chinese characters and total number of sentences), and they had higher writing self-efficiency and audience awareness. However, these is no difference between these two groups on writing interesting.
關鍵字(中) ★ 主題文章閱讀
★ 自由寫
★ 讀寫結合
★ 同儕回應
關鍵字(英) ★ theme-based reading
★ free-writing
★ integrated reading-writing
★ peer response
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 3
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 研究問題 3
1.5 名詞解釋 4
1.6 研究限制 5
1.7 論文架構 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
2.1 閱讀與寫作 7
2.2 同儕回應 12
2.3 寫作歷程理論 19
2.4 影響寫作的相關因素 24
第三章 活動與系統設計 31
3.1 活動設計 31
3.2 系統設計 35
第四章 前導研究 57
4.1 研究對象與環境 57
4.2 研究流程 57
4.3 資料收集與分析 59
4.4 分析結果 60
4.5 討論 64
第五章 實驗研究 65
5.1 研究對象 65
5.2 研究設計 65
5.3 研究工具 66
5.4 資料收集 72
5.5 資料分析 75
5.6 研究結果 76
第六章 結論與未來展望 95
6.1 結論 95
6.2 研究貢獻 96
6.3 未來展望 97
參考文獻 99
中文文獻 99
英文文獻 101
附錄一、情意問卷 107
附錄二、閱讀與寫作自我覺察問卷 109
附錄三、學生訪談閱讀文章 111
附錄四、學生寫作歷程訪談大綱 115
附錄五、教師訪談大綱 116
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指導教授 陳德懷(Tak-wai Chan) 審核日期 2014-8-22
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