|| A. Di Carlo, "Human and economic burden of stroke", Age Ageing, Vol 38, pp. 4-5, Jan 2009.|
 F. I. Hsieh, L. M. Lien, S. T. Chen, C. H. Bai, M. C. Sun, H. P. Tseng, et al., "Get With the Guidelines-Stroke performance indicators: surveillance of stroke care in the Taiwan Stroke Registry: Get With the Guidelines-Stroke in Taiwan", Circulation, Vol 122, pp. 1116-23, Sep 14 2010.
 V. L. Feigin, M. H. Forouzanfar, R. Krishnamurthi, G. A. Mensah, M. Connor, D. A. Bennett, et al., "Global and regional burden of stroke during 1990-2010: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010", Lancet, Vol 383, pp. 245-54, Jan 18 2014.
 A. S. Go, D. Mozaffarian, V. L. Roger, E. J. Benjamin, J. D. Berry, M. J. Blaha, et al., "Heart disease and stroke statistics--2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association", Circulation, Vol 129, pp. e28-e292, Jan 21 2014.
 K. Strong, C. Mathers, and R. Bonita, "Preventing stroke: saving lives around the world", Lancet Neurol, Vol 6, pp. 182-7, Feb 2007.
 A. Di Carlo, M. Baldereschi, C. Gandolfo, L. Candelise, A. Ghetti, S. Maggi, et al., "Stroke in an elderly population: incidence and impact on survival and daily function. The Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging", Cerebrovasc Dis, Vol 16, pp. 141-50, 2003.
 A. D. Lopez, C. D. Mathers, M. Ezzati, D. T. Jamison, and C. J. Murray, "Global and regional burden of disease and risk factors, 2001: systematic analysis of population health data", Lancet, Vol 367, pp. 1747-57, May 27 2006.
 The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke rt-PA Stroke Study Group, "Tissue plasminogen activator for acute ischemic stroke. ", N Engl J Med, Vol 333, pp. 1581-7, Dec 14 1995.
 W. J. Powers, C. P. Derdeyn, J. Biller, C. S. Coffey, B. L. Hoh, E. C. Jauch, et al., "2015 American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Focused Update of the 2013 Guidelines for the Early Management of Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke Regarding Endovascular Treatment: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 46, pp. 3020-35, Oct 2015.
 M. D. Hill and V. Hachinski, "Stroke treatment: time is brain", Lancet, Vol 352 Suppl 3, pp. SIII10-4, Oct 1998.
 ACLS Certification Institute: The 8D′s of Stroke Care. 2016, Available: https://acls.com/free-resources/stroke/the-8-ds-of-stroke-care
 T. Puolakka, D. Strbian, H. Harve, M. Kuisma, and P. J. Lindsberg, "Prehospital Phase of the Stroke Chain of Survival: A Prospective Observational Study", J Am Heart Assoc, Vol 5, 2016.
 American Heart Association: Get With The Guideline-Stroke. 2016, Available: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Professional/GetWithTheGuidelines/Get-With-The-Guidelines-Stroke_UCM_306098_SubHomePage.jsp
 W. Hacke, M. Kaste, E. Bluhmki, M. Brozman, A. Davalos, D. Guidetti, et al., "Thrombolysis with alteplase 3 to 4.5 hours after acute ischemic stroke", N Engl J Med, Vol 359, pp. 1317-29, Sep 25 2008.
 L. H. Schwamm, S. F. Ali, M. J. Reeves, E. E. Smith, J. L. Saver, S. Messe, et al., "Temporal trends in patient characteristics and treatment with intravenous thrombolysis among acute ischemic stroke patients at Get With The Guidelines-Stroke hospitals", Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes, Vol 6, pp. 543-9, Sep 1 2013.
 H. Chenaitia, O. Lefevre, V. Ho, C. Squarcioni, V. Pradel, M. Fournier, et al., "Emergency medical service in the stroke chain of survival", Eur J Emerg Med, Vol 20, pp. 39-44, Feb 2013.
 American Heart Association: Spot a stroke. 2016, Available: http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/WarningSigns/Stroke-Warning-Signs-and-Symptoms_UCM_308528_SubHomePage.jsp
 F. J. Wolters, N. L. Paul, L. Li, P. M. Rothwell, and S. Oxford Vascular, "Sustained impact of UK FAST-test public education on response to stroke: a population-based time-series study", Int J Stroke, Vol 10, pp. 1108-14, Oct 2015.
 J. F. Meschia, C. Bushnell, B. Boden-Albala, L. T. Braun, D. M. Bravata, S. Chaturvedi, et al., "Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 45, pp. 3754-832, Dec 2014.
 Y. Liao, K. J. Greenlund, J. B. Croft, N. L. Keenan, and W. H. Giles, "Factors explaining excess stroke prevalence in the US Stroke Belt", Stroke, Vol 40, pp. 3336-41, Oct 2009.
 T. A. Manolio, R. A. Kronmal, G. L. Burke, D. H. O′Leary, and T. R. Price, "Short-term predictors of incident stroke in older adults. The Cardiovascular Health Study", Stroke, Vol 27, pp. 1479-86, Sep 1996.
 P. A. Wolf, R. B. D′Agostino, A. J. Belanger, and W. B. Kannel, "Probability of stroke: a risk profile from the Framingham Study", Stroke, Vol 22, pp. 312-8, Mar 1991.
 G. S. Collins and D. G. Altman, "Predicting the 10 year risk of cardiovascular disease in the United Kingdom: independent and external validation of an updated version of QRISK2", BMJ, Vol 344, p. e4181, 2012.
 L. B. Goldstein, C. D. Bushnell, R. J. Adams, L. J. Appel, L. T. Braun, S. Chaturvedi, et al., "Guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 42, pp. 517-84, Feb 2011.
 C. J. Winstein, J. Stein, R. Arena, B. Bates, L. R. Cherney, S. C. Cramer, et al., "Guidelines for Adult Stroke Rehabilitation and Recovery: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 47, pp. e98-e169, Jun 2016.
 L. R. Caplan and J. Van Gijn, Stroke syndromes, 3rd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
 National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: Stroke rehabilitation information. 2016, May 30th, Available: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/stroke/stroke_rehabilitation.htm
 D. Leys, H. Henon, M. A. Mackowiak-Cordoliani, and F. Pasquier, "Poststroke dementia", Lancet Neurol, Vol 4, pp. 752-9, Nov 2005.
 J. Young and A. Forster, "Review of stroke rehabilitation", BMJ, Vol 334, pp. 86-90, Jan 13 2007.
 S. C. Smith, Jr., "Reducing the global burden of ischemic heart disease and stroke: a challenge for the cardiovascular community and the United Nations", Circulation, Vol 124, pp. 278-9, Jul 19 2011.
 內政部統計處: 內政統計月報. 2016, Available: http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/stat_chart/chart_full.aspx
 C. Y. Hsieh, C. H. Chen, C. Y. Li, and M. L. Lai, "Validating the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke in a National Health Insurance claims database", J Formos Med Assoc, Vol 114, pp. 254-9, Mar 2015.
 P. K. Chen, P. Y. Chiu, I. J. Tsai, H. P. Tseng, J. R. Chen, S. J. Yeh, et al., "Onset headache predicts good outcome in patients with first-ever ischemic stroke", Stroke, Vol 44, pp. 1852-8, Jul 2013.
 N. Liu, D. A. Cadilhac, N. E. Andrew, L. Zeng, Z. Li, J. Li, et al., "Randomized controlled trial of early rehabilitation after intracerebral hemorrhage stroke: difference in outcomes within 6 months of stroke", Stroke, Vol 45, pp. 3502-7, Dec 2014.
 Stroke Unit Trialists′ Collaboration, "Organised inpatient (stroke unit) care for stroke", Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Vol 9, p. CD000197, 2013.
 W. T. Robert and V. Ricardo, "Multidisciplinary stroke rehabilitation and prognosis," in Stroke Management and Recovery, ed: Future Medicine Ltd, 2013, pp. 124-136.
 B. H. Dobkin, "Clinical practice. Rehabilitation after stroke", N Engl J Med, Vol 352, pp. 1677-84, Apr 21 2005.
 Y. Hara, "Brain plasticity and rehabilitation in stroke patients", J Nippon Med Sch, Vol 82, pp. 4-13, 2015.
 E. C. Jauch, J. L. Saver, H. P. Adams, Jr., A. Bruno, J. J. Connors, B. M. Demaerschalk, et al., "Guidelines for the early management of patients with acute ischemic stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 44, pp. 870-947, Mar 2013.
 J. C. Hemphill, 3rd, S. M. Greenberg, C. S. Anderson, K. Becker, B. R. Bendok, M. Cushman, et al., "Guidelines for the Management of Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Guideline for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 46, pp. 2032-60, Jul 2015.
 P. W. Duncan, R. Zorowitz, B. Bates, J. Y. Choi, J. J. Glasberg, G. D. Graham, et al., "Management of Adult Stroke Rehabilitation Care: a clinical practice guideline", Stroke, Vol 36, pp. e100-43, Sep 2005.
 L. Legg, P. Langhorne, and T. Outpatient Service, "Rehabilitation therapy services for stroke patients living at home: systematic review of randomised trials", Lancet, Vol 363, pp. 352-6, Jan 31 2004.
 L. Kalra, A. Evans, I. Perez, A. Melbourn, A. Patel, M. Knapp, et al., "Training carers of stroke patients: randomised controlled trial", BMJ, Vol 328, p. 1099, May 8 2004.
 L. A. Preston, Pedretti′s occupational therapy : practice skills for physical dysfunction, 7th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier, 2013.
 連倚南, 洪章仁, 賴金鑫, 王顏和等編著, 復健及物理醫學. 臺北市: 合記圖書出版社, 2013.
 E. E. Smith, J. L. Saver, D. N. Alexander, K. L. Furie, L. N. Hopkins, I. L. Katzan, et al., "Clinical performance measures for adults hospitalized with acute ischemic stroke: performance measures for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 45, pp. 3472-98, Nov 2014.
 P. W. Duncan, R. D. Horner, D. M. Reker, G. P. Samsa, H. Hoenig, B. Hamilton, et al., "Adherence to postacute rehabilitation guidelines is associated with functional recovery in stroke", Stroke, Vol 33, pp. 167-77, Jan 2002.
 G. Kwakkel, "Impact of intensity of practice after stroke: issues for consideration", Disabil Rehabil, Vol 28, pp. 823-30, Jul 15-30 2006.
 G. Kwakkel, R. van Peppen, R. C. Wagenaar, S. Wood Dauphinee, C. Richards, A. Ashburn, et al., "Effects of augmented exercise therapy time after stroke: a meta-analysis", Stroke, Vol 35, pp. 2529-39, Nov 2004.
 H. C. Lee, K. C. Chang, Y. C. Huang, C. F. Lan, J. J. Chen, and S. H. Wei, "Inpatient rehabilitation utilization for acute stroke under a universal health insurance system", Am J Manag Care, Vol 16, pp. e67-e74, Mar 2010.
 M. B. Buntin, C. H. Colla, P. Deb, N. Sood, and J. J. Escarce, "Medicare spending and outcomes after postacute care for stroke and hip fracture", Med Care, Vol 48, pp. 776-84, Sep 2010.
 World Health Organization: Disability and rehabilitation. 2016, Available: http://www.who.int/disabilities/cbr/en/
 N. S. Ward and L. G. Cohen, "Mechanisms underlying recovery of motor function after stroke", Arch Neurol, Vol 61, pp. 1844-8, Dec 2004.
 S. Q. He, R. P. Dum, and P. L. Strick, "Topographic organization of corticospinal projections from the frontal lobe: motor areas on the lateral surface of the hemisphere", J Neurosci, Vol 13, pp. 952-80, Mar 1993.
 R. Schulz, C. H. Park, M. H. Boudrias, C. Gerloff, F. C. Hummel, and N. S. Ward, "Assessing the integrity of corticospinal pathways from primary and secondary cortical motor areas after stroke", Stroke, Vol 43, pp. 2248-51, Aug 2012.
 C. A. Shaw, R. A. Lanius, and K. van den Doel, "The origin of synaptic neuroplasticity: crucial molecules or a dynamical cascade?", Brain Res Brain Res Rev, Vol 19, pp. 241-63, Aug 1994.
 D. V. Buonomano and M. M. Merzenich, "Cortical plasticity: from synapses to maps", Annu Rev Neurosci, Vol 21, pp. 149-86, 1998.
 B. B. Johansson, "Brain plasticity and stroke rehabilitation. The Willis lecture", Stroke, Vol 31, pp. 223-30, Jan 2000.
 G. Hess, C. D. Aizenman, and J. P. Donoghue, "Conditions for the induction of long-term potentiation in layer II/III horizontal connections of the rat motor cortex", J Neurophysiol, Vol 75, pp. 1765-78, May 1996.
 A. Kirkwood, C. Rozas, J. Kirkwood, F. Perez, and M. F. Bear, "Modulation of long-term synaptic depression in visual cortex by acetylcholine and norepinephrine", J Neurosci, Vol 19, pp. 1599-609, Mar 1 1999.
 M. De Pitta, N. Brunel, and A. Volterra, "Astrocytes: Orchestrating synaptic plasticity?", Neuroscience, Vol 323, pp. 43-61, May 26 2016.
 A. Thiel and S. Vahdat, "Structural and resting-state brain connectivity of motor networks after stroke", Stroke, Vol 46, pp. 296-301, Jan 2015.
 P. S. Gill, A. Kamath, and T. S. Gill, "Distraction: an assessment of smartphone usage in health care work settings", Risk Manag Healthc Policy, Vol 5, pp. 105-14, 2012.
 J. Sarasohn-Kahn, "How Smartphones Are Changing Health Care for Consumers and Providers," ed. Oakland, CA: California Healthcare Foundation, 2010.
 L. H. Schwamm, A. Pancioli, J. E. Acker, 3rd, L. B. Goldstein, R. D. Zorowitz, T. J. Shephard, et al., "Recommendations for the establishment of stroke systems of care: recommendations from the American Stroke Association′s Task Force on the Development of Stroke Systems", Stroke, Vol 36, pp. 690-703, Mar 2005.
 A. Marshall, O. Medvedev, and A. Antonov, "Use of a smartphone for improved self-management of pulmonary rehabilitation", Int J Telemed Appl, p. 753064, 2008.
 T. Nakae, H. Kataoka, S. Kuwata, and K. Iihara, "Smartphone-assisted prehospital medical information system for analyzing data on prehospital stroke care", Stroke, Vol 45, pp. 1501-4, May 2014.
 H. Takao, Y. Murayama, T. Ishibashi, K. L. Karagiozov, and T. Abe, "A new support system using a mobile device (smartphone) for diagnostic image display and treatment of stroke", Stroke, Vol 43, pp. 236-9, Jan 2012.
 S. C. Yeh, W. Y. Hwang, T. C. Huang, W. K. Liu, Y. T. Chen, and Y. P. Hung, "A study for the application of body sensing in assisted rehabilitation training.," in Computer, Consumer and Control (IS3C), 2012 International Symposium on, Taichung, Taiwan, 2012, pp. 922-925.
 S. Keane, M. Lincoln, and T. Smith, "Retention of allied health professionals in rural New South Wales: a thematic analysis of focus group discussions", BMC Health Serv Res, Vol 12, p. 175, 2012.
 R. D. Wilson, S. A. Lewis, and P. K. Murray, "Trends in the rehabilitation therapist workforce in underserved areas: 1980-2000", J Rural Health, Vol 25, pp. 26-32, Winter 2009.
 K. Gache, H. Leleu, G. Nitenberg, F. Woimant, M. Ferrua, and E. Minvielle, "Main barriers to effective implementation of stroke care pathways in France: a qualitative study", BMC Health Serv Res, Vol 14, p. 95, Feb 28 2014.
 R. W. Teasell, N. C. Foley, K. L. Salter, and J. W. Jutai, "A blueprint for transforming stroke rehabilitation care in Canada: the case for change", Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Vol 89, pp. 575-8, Mar 2008.
 A. Rochette, E. Racine, H. Lefebvre, J. Bastien, and M. Tellier, "Actual and ideal services in acute care and rehabilitation for relatives post-stroke from three perspectives: Relatives, stroke clients and health professionals", J Rehabil Med, Vol 46, pp. 16-22, Jan 2014.
 T. C. Wang, A. C. Tsai, J. Y. Wang, Y. T. Lin, K. L. Lin, J. J. Chen, et al., "Caregiver-mediated intervention can improve physical functional recovery of patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial", Neurorehabil Neural Repair, Vol 29, pp. 3-12, Jan 2015.
 R. Mukkamala, J. O. Hahn, O. T. Inan, L. K. Mestha, C. S. Kim, H. Toreyin, et al., "Toward Ubiquitous Blood Pressure Monitoring via Pulse Transit Time: Theory and Practice", IEEE Trans Biomed Eng, Vol 62, pp. 1879-901, Aug 2015.
 I. Pernek, G. Kurillo, G. Stiglic, and R. Bajcsy, "Recognizing the intensity of strength training exercises with wearable sensors", J Biomed Inform, Oct 8 2015.
 M. B. del Rosario, S. J. Redmond, and N. H. Lovell, "Tracking the Evolution of Smartphone Sensing for Monitoring Human Movement", Sensors (Basel), Vol 15, pp. 18901-33, 2015.
 D. Rand, J. J. Eng, P. F. Tang, J. S. Jeng, and C. Hung, "How active are people with stroke?: use of accelerometers to assess physical activity", Stroke, Vol 40, pp. 163-8, Jan 2009.
 A. Mansfield, J. S. Wong, J. Bryce, K. Brunton, E. L. Inness, S. Knorr, et al., "Use of Accelerometer-Based Feedback of Walking Activity for Appraising Progress With Walking-Related Goals in Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation: A Randomized Controlled Trial", Neurorehabil Neural Repair, Jan 20 2015.
 A. Krpic, A. Savanovic, and I. Cikajlo, "Telerehabilitation: remote multimedia-supported assistance and mobile monitoring of balance training outcomes can facilitate the clinical staff′s effort", Int J Rehabil Res, Vol 36, pp. 162-71, Jun 2013.
 D. Vanneste, B. Vermeulen, and A. Declercq, "Healthcare professionals′ acceptance of BelRAI, a web-based system enabling person-centred recording and data sharing across care settings with interRAI instruments: a UTAUT analysis", BMC Med Inform Decis Mak, Vol 13, p. 129, 2013.
 S. G. Mougiakakou, C. S. Bartsocas, E. Bozas, N. Chaniotakis, D. Iliopoulou, I. Kouris, et al., "SMARTDIAB: a communication and information technology approach for the intelligent monitoring, management and follow-up of type 1 diabetes patients", IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed, Vol 14, pp. 622-33, May 2010.
 T. M. Burkow, L. K. Vognild, G. Ostengen, E. Johnsen, M. J. Risberg, A. Bratvold, et al., "Internet-enabled pulmonary rehabilitation and diabetes education in group settings at home: a preliminary study of patient acceptability", BMC Med Inform Decis Mak, Vol 13, p. 33, 2013.
 H. S. Chen, C. F. Hsieh, T. T. Chau, C. D. Yang, and Y. W. Chen, "Risk factors of in-hospital mortality of intracerebral hemorrhage and comparison of ICH scores in a Taiwanese population", Eur Neurol, Vol 66, pp. 59-63, 2011.
 J. C. Hemphill, 3rd, D. C. Bonovich, L. Besmertis, G. T. Manley, and S. C. Johnston, "The ICH score: a simple, reliable grading scale for intracerebral hemorrhage", Stroke, Vol 32, pp. 891-7, Apr 2001.
 S. F. Sung, Y. W. Chen, M. C. Tseng, C. T. Ong, and H. J. Lin, "Atrial fibrillation predicts good functional outcome following intravenous tissue plasminogen activator in patients with severe stroke", Clin Neurol Neurosurg, Vol 115, pp. 892-5, Jul 2013.
 S. Bangalore, L. Schwamm, E. E. Smith, I. M. Singh, L. Liang, G. C. Fonarow, et al., "Secondary Prevention after Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack", Am J Med, Mar 26 2014.
 P. C. Hii and W. Y. Chung, "A comprehensive ubiquitous healthcare solution on an Android mobile device", Sensors (Basel), Vol 11, pp. 6799-815, 2011.
 D. L. Walters, A. Sarela, A. Fairfull, K. Neighbour, C. Cowen, B. Stephens, et al., "A mobile phone-based care model for outpatient cardiac rehabilitation: the care assessment platform (CAP)", BMC Cardiovasc Disord, Vol 10, p. 5, 2010.
 C. Erdmier, J. Hatcher, and M. Lee, "Wearable device implications in the healthcare industry", J Med Eng Technol, Vol 40, pp. 141-8, May 2016.
 K. Kaewkannate and S. Kim, "A comparison of wearable fitness devices", BMC Public Health, Vol 16, p. 433, 2016.
 A. M. Barrett, M. Oh-Park, P. Chen, and N. L. Ifejika, "Neurorehabilitation: Five new things", Neurol Clin Pract, Vol 3, pp. 484-492, Dec 2013.
 J. Mehrholz, A. Hadrich, T. Platz, J. Kugler, and M. Pohl, "Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving generic activities of daily living, arm function, and arm muscle strength after stroke", Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Vol 6, p. CD006876, 2012.
 K. E. Laver, D. Schoene, M. Crotty, S. George, N. A. Lannin, and C. Sherrington, "Telerehabilitation services for stroke", Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Vol 12, p. CD010255, 2013.
 N. A. Capela, E. D. Lemaire, and N. Baddour, "Feature selection for wearable smartphone-based human activity recognition with able bodied, elderly, and stroke patients", PLoS One, Vol 10, p. e0124414, 2015.
 T. Isho, H. Tashiro, and S. Usuda, "Accelerometry-based gait characteristics evaluated using a smartphone and their association with fall risk in people with chronic stroke", J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis, Vol 24, pp. 1305-11, Jun 2015.
 T. Giorgino, P. Tormene, G. Maggioni, C. Pistarini, and S. Quaglini, "Wireless support to poststroke rehabilitation: myheart′s neurological rehabilitation concept", Information Technology in Biomedicine, IEEE Transactions on, Vol 13, pp. 1012-1018, 2009.
 G. J. Kim, L. Rivera, and J. Stein, "A Combined Clinic-Home Approach for Upper Limb Robotic Therapy after Stroke: A Pilot Study", Arch Phys Med Rehabil, Jul 16 2015.
 C. Buesing, G. Fisch, M. O′Donnell, I. Shahidi, L. Thomas, C. K. Mummidisetty, et al., "Effects of a wearable exoskeleton stride management assist system (SMA(R)) on spatiotemporal gait characteristics in individuals after stroke: a randomized controlled trial", J Neuroeng Rehabil, Vol 12, p. 69, 2015.
 S. Masiero, E. Carraro, C. Ferraro, P. Gallina, A. Rossi, and G. Rosati, "Upper limb rehabilitation robotics after stroke: a perspective from the University of Padua, Italy", J Rehabil Med, Vol 41, pp. 981-5, Nov 2009.
 Z. Qian and Z. Bi, "Recent Development of Rehabilitation Robots", Advances in Mechanical Engineering, p. Article ID 563062, 2015.
 M. Smit, S. Van der Stigchel, J. M. Visser-Meily, M. Kouwenhoven, A. L. Eijsackers, and T. C. Nijboer, "The feasibility of computer-based prism adaptation to ameliorate neglect in sub-acute stroke patients admitted to a rehabilitation center", Front Hum Neurosci, Vol 7, p. 353, 2013.
 M. Steinisch, M. G. Tana, and S. Comani, "A post-stroke rehabilitation system integrating robotics, VR and high-resolution EEG imaging", IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng, Vol 21, pp. 849-59, Sep 2013.
 K. E. Laver, S. George, S. Thomas, J. E. Deutsch, and M. Crotty, "Virtual reality for stroke rehabilitation", Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Vol 2, p. CD008349, 2015.
 S. Patel, H. Park, P. Bonato, L. Chan, and M. Rodgers, "A review of wearable sensors and systems with application in rehabilitation", J Neuroeng Rehabil, Vol 9, p. 21, 2012.
 Y. M. Aung, A. Al-Jumaily, and K. Anam, "A novel upper limb rehabilitation system with self-driven virtual arm illusion", Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, Vol 2014, pp. 3614-7, 2014.
 M. Khademi, H. M. Hondori, L. Dodakian, S. Cramer, and C. V. Lopes, "Comparing "pick and place" task in spatial Augmented Reality versus non-immersive Virtual Reality for rehabilitation setting", Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc, Vol 2013, pp. 4613-6, 2013.
 D. B. Buller, R. Borland, E. P. Bettinghaus, J. H. Shane, and D. E. Zimmerman, "Randomized trial of a smartphone mobile application compared to text messaging to support smoking cessation", Telemed J E Health, Vol 20, pp. 206-14, Mar 2014.
 C. Licskai, T. W. Sands, and M. Ferrone, "Development and pilot testing of a mobile health solution for asthma self-management: asthma action plan smartphone application pilot study", Can Respir J, Vol 20, pp. 301-6, Jul-Aug 2013.
 P. A. McNulty, A. G. Thompson-Butel, S. G. Faux, G. Lin, P. H. Katrak, L. R. Harris, et al., "The efficacy of Wii-based Movement Therapy for upper limb rehabilitation in the chronic poststroke period: a randomized controlled trial", Int J Stroke, Sep 1 2015.
 G. Saposnik, C. M. Chow, D. Gladstone, D. Cheung, E. Brawer, K. E. Thorpe, et al., "iPad technology for home rehabilitation after stroke (iHOME): a proof-of-concept randomized trial", Int J Stroke, Vol 9, pp. 956-62, Oct 2014.
 D. M. Deponti, D. ; Palazzi, Claudio E. , "Smartphone′s physiatric serious game," in Serious Games and Applications for Health (SeGAH), 2011 IEEE 1st International Conference on 2011, pp. 1-8.
 K. Sureshkumar, G. V. Murthy, S. Munuswamy, S. Goenka, and H. Kuper, "′Care for Stroke′, a web-based, smartphone-enabled educational intervention for management of physical disabilities following stroke: feasibility in the Indian context", BMJ Innov, Vol 1, pp. 127-136, Jul 2015.
 E. C. Jauch, J. L. Saver, H. P. Adams, Jr., A. Bruno, J. J. Connors, B. M. Demaerschalk, et al., "Guidelines for the early management of patients with acute ischemic stroke: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association", Stroke, Vol 44, pp. 870-947, Mar 2013.
 V. L. Feigin, R. Krishnamurthi, R. Bhattacharjee, P. Parmar, A. Theadom, T. Hussein, et al., "New strategy to reduce the global burden of stroke", Stroke, Vol 46, pp. 1740-7, Jun 2015.
 I. Jovin: Can your smartwatch save you from a stroke? Scientists need your help. 2016, July 3rd 2016, Available: http://gadgetsandwearables.com/2016/03/28/apple-watch-stroke/
 F. Ehrler, R. Wipfli, D. Teodoro, E. Sarrey, M. Walesa, and C. Lovis, "Challenges in the Implementation of a Mobile Application in Clinical Practice: Case Study in the Context of an Application that Manages the Daily Interventions of Nurses", JMIR Mhealth Uhealth, Vol 1, p. e7, 2013.
 R. Cushman, A. M. Froomkin, A. Cava, P. Abril, and K. W. Goodman, "Ethical, legal and social issues for personal health records and applications", J Biomed Inform, Vol 43, pp. S51-5, Oct 2010.
 IDC Corporate USA: Smartphone OS Market Share, Q2 2015. 2015, Available: http://www.idc.com/prodserv/smartphone-os-market-share.jsp
 S. Wallace, M. Clark, and J. White, "′It′s on my iPhone′: attitudes to the use of mobile computing devices in medical education, a mixed-methods study", BMJ Open, Vol 2, 2012.
 A. Moodley, J. E. Mangino, and D. A. Goff, "Review of infectious diseases applications for iPhone/iPad and Android: from pocket to patient", Clin Infect Dis, Vol 57, pp. 1145-54, Oct 2013.
 H. J. Seabrook, J. N. Stromer, C. Shevkenek, A. Bharwani, J. de Grood, and W. A. Ghali, "Medical applications: a database and characterization of apps in Apple iOS and Android platforms", BMC Res Notes, Vol 7, p. 573, 2014.
 M. Georgiev, S. Jana, and V. Shmatikov, "Breaking and Fixing Origin-Based Access Control in Hybrid Web/Mobile Application Frameworks", NDDS Symp, Vol 2014, pp. 1-15, Feb 2014.
 S. Allen, V. Graupera, L. Lundrigan, and SpringerLink (Online service): Pro Smartphone Cross-Platform Development iPhone, BlackBerry, Windows Mobile, and Android Development and Distribution. 2010, Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4302-2869-1
 E. Rosebrock and E. Filson, Setting up LAMP : getting Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP working together. San Francisco: SYBEX, 2004.
 G. Camarillo and M. A. García-Martín, The 3G IP multimedia subsystem (IMS) : merging the Internet and the cellular worlds, 3rd ed. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K.: Wiley, 2008.
 S. H. Rosenberg J, Camarillo G, Johnston AR, Peterson J, Sparks R, Handley M, and S. E: SIP: session initiation protocol, RFC 3261. 2002, Available: https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3261.txt
 E. R. M. William H. DeLone, "Information systems success: The quest for the dependent variable.", Information Systems Research, Vol 3, pp. 60-95, 1992.
 E. R. M. William H. DeLone, "The DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success: A Ten-Year Update", Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol 19, pp. 9-30, 2003.
 T. H. Kwon and R. W. Zmud, "Unifying the Fragmented Models of Information Systems Implementation," in Critical Issues in Information Systems Research, R. J. a. H. R. Boland, Ed., ed Chichester, England: John Wiley, 1987, pp. 227-251.
 M. Shoaib, S. Bosch, O. D. Incel, H. Scholten, and P. J. Havinga, "Fusion of smartphone motion sensors for physical activity recognition", Sensors (Basel), Vol 14, pp. 10146-76, 2014.
 J. White, "Going native (or not): Five questions to ask mobile application developers", Australas Med J, Vol 6, pp. 7-14, 2013.
 B. Kohan and J. Montanez: Native vs Hybrid / PhoneGap App Development Comparison. 2015, Available: http://www.comentum.com/phonegap-vs-native-app-development.html
 K. C. Chang, H. C. Lee, Y. C. Huang, J. W. Hung, H. E. Chiu, J. J. Chen, et al., "Cost-effectiveness analysis of stroke management under a universal health insurance system", J Neurol Sci, Vol 323, pp. 205-15, Dec 15 2012.
 S. M. Lai, S. Studenski, P. W. Duncan, and S. Perera, "Persisting consequences of stroke measured by the Stroke Impact Scale", Stroke, Vol 33, pp. 1840-4, Jul 2002.
 K. Salter, J. Jutai, M. Hartley, N. Foley, S. Bhogal, N. Bayona, et al., "Impact of early vs delayed admission to rehabilitation on functional outcomes in persons with stroke", J Rehabil Med, Vol 38, pp. 113-7, Mar 2006.
 A. Pollock, G. Baer, P. Campbell, P. L. Choo, A. Forster, J. Morris, et al., "Physical rehabilitation approaches for the recovery of function and mobility following stroke", Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Vol 4, p. CD001920, 2014.
 J. C. Tan, Practical manual of physical medicine and rehabilitation : diagnostics, therapeutics, and basic problems, 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 2006.
 D. B. Susan S. Adler, Math Buck, PNF in Practive-An Illustrated Guide, Third ed.: Srpinger-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2008.
 P. A. McNulty, A. G. Thompson-Butel, S. G. Faux, G. Lin, P. H. Katrak, L. R. Harris, et al., "The efficacy of Wii-based Movement Therapy for upper limb rehabilitation in the chronic poststroke period: a randomized controlled trial", Int J Stroke, Vol 10, pp. 1253-60, Sep 1 2015.
 B. K. J. Montanez: Native vs Hybrid / PhoneGap App Development Comparison. 2015, Available: http://www.comentum.com/phonegap-vs-native-app-development.html
 N. Byrnes: Can technolofy fix medicine? 2014, Available: https://www.technologyreview.com/s/529011/can-technology-fix-medicine/
 P. C. Tang, J. S. Ash, D. W. Bates, J. M. Overhage, and D. Z. Sands, "Personal health records: definitions, benefits, and strategies for overcoming barriers to adoption", J Am Med Inform Assoc, Vol 13, pp. 121-6, Mar-Apr 2006.
 G. Christie and D. Yach. Ethical, legal, and social implication of personalized health technology. 2015, 1-25. Available: http://thevitalityinstitute.org/tag/ethical-legal-and-social-implications/
 USA Food and Drug Administration. Mobile Medical Applications Guidance for industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff. 2015, 1-44. Available: http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/DigitalHealth/MobileMedicalApplications/default.htm
 B. A. MacFarlane, "FDA regulation of mobile medical apps," NORTH AMERICAN SCIENCE ASSOCIATES INC., Ed., ed, 2014.
 J. Stein, R. L. Harvey, C. J. Winstein, R. D. Zorowitz, and G. Wittenberg, Stroke recovery and rehabilitation, Second edition. ed. New York, NY: Demos Medical, 2014.
 K. Dworzynski, G. Ritchie, E. Fenu, K. MacDermott, and E. D. Playford, "Rehabilitation after stroke: summary of NICE guidance", BMJ, Vol 346, p. f3615, 2013.
 K. R. Lohse, C. E. Lang, and L. A. Boyd, "Is more better? Using metadata to explore dose-response relationships in stroke rehabilitation", Stroke, Vol 45, pp. 2053-8, Jul 2014.
 M. H. Hu, S. S. Hsu, P. K. Yip, J. S. Jeng, and Y. H. Wang, "Early and intensive rehabilitation predicts good functional outcomes in patients admitted to the stroke intensive care unit", Disabil Rehabil, Vol 32, pp. 1251-9, 2010.
 P. Fearon and P. Langhorne, "Services for reducing duration of hospital care for acute stroke patients", Cochrane Database Syst Rev, Vol 9, p. CD000443, 2012.
 K. J. Ottenbacher, P. M. Smith, S. B. Illig, R. T. Linn, G. V. Ostir, and C. V. Granger, "Trends in length of stay, living setting, functional outcome, and mortality following medical rehabilitation", JAMA, Vol 292, pp. 1687-95, Oct 13 2004.
 C. S. Cobley, R. J. Fisher, N. Chouliara, M. Kerr, and M. F. Walker, "A qualitative study exploring patients′ and carers′ experiences of Early Supported Discharge services after stroke", Clin Rehabil, Vol 27, pp. 750-7, Aug 2013.
 Wolters Kluwer Health: Wolters Kluwer Health 2013 Physician Outlook Survey. 2013, Available: http://www.wolterskluwerhealth.com/News/Documents/White Papers/Wolters Kluwer Health Physician Study Executive Summary.pdf
 P. O′Connor, D. Byrne, M. Butt, G. Offiah, S. Lydon, K. Mc Inerney, et al., "Interns and their smartphones: use for clinical practice", Postgrad Med J, Vol 90, pp. 75-9, Feb 2014.
 B. H. Dobkin and A. Dorsch, "The promise of mHealth: daily activity monitoring and outcome assessments by wearable sensors", Neurorehabil Neural Repair, Vol 25, pp. 788-98, Nov-Dec 2011.
 D. J. Cook, J. E. Thompson, S. K. Prinsen, J. A. Dearani, and C. Deschamps, "Functional recovery in the elderly after major surgery: assessment of mobility recovery using wireless technology", Ann Thorac Surg, Vol 96, pp. 1057-61, Sep 2013.
 壢新醫院中風醫療中心, 擺脫中風威脅：你一定要知道的對策. 新北市: 晶冠出版社, 2012.
 S. Bauler, S. Jacquin-Courtois, J. Haesebaert, J. Luaute, E. Coudeyre, C. Feutrier, et al., "Barriers and facilitators for medication adherence in stroke patients: a qualitative study conducted in French neurological rehabilitation units", Eur Neurol, Vol 72, pp. 262-70, 2014.
 W. T. Riley, D. E. Rivera, A. A. Atienza, W. Nilsen, S. M. Allison, and R. Mermelstein, "Health behavior models in the age of mobile interventions: are our theories up to the task?", Transl Behav Med, Vol 1, pp. 53-71, Mar 2011.
 E. Charani, E. Castro-Sanchez, L. S. Moore, and A. Holmes, "Do smartphone applications in healthcare require a governance and legal framework? It depends on the application!", BMC Med, Vol 12, p. 29, 2014.