博碩士論文 101621028 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳韋辰(Wei-Chen Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 大氣物理研究所
論文名稱 中南半島生質燃燒於長程傳輸路徑上之光學與化學特性探討
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摘要(中) 本研究主要是利用WRF-CHEM ( Weather Research and Forecasting - Chemistry ) 模式模擬2010年3-4月七海計畫 (7SEAS, 7 South East Asian Studies)東沙實驗期間,生質燃燒煙流由中南半島長程傳輸至鹿林山,路徑上之化學以及光學特性變化。

鹿林山受到生質燃燒之不同事件日期間,依其不同天氣類型與軌跡路線將其分為兩類,第一種類型主要受到700 hPa等壓面上之西太平洋延伸高壓影響,第二種類型則主要以中南半島北方700 hPa槽線之影響為主,將兩種不同天氣類型時間之模式結果與衛星觀測相比,模擬結果顯示華北區域之氣膠光學厚度(AOD, Aerosol Optical Depth)與CO有低估,而生質燃燒煙流之分布則與觀測相近,因此模式結果在位於生質燃燒下游的鹿林山背景站有不錯的表現,一致性參數(IOA, Index Of Agreement)於CO、O3與PM10分別可達0.7、0.66與0.63,散射係數以及吸收係數則分別達到0.58與0.72,影響光學特性模擬好壞之差異主要來自質量濃度及局部環流之模擬準確性。單次散射返照率(SSA, Single Scattering Albedo)受山谷風影響,於模擬以及觀測結果上皆顯示晝高夜低之日變化。

為確認鹿林山事件日發生時,生質燃燒源區之影響以及瞭解煙流在軌跡上之光化學以及化學變化,本研究使用HYSPLIT軌跡模式(Draxler and Hess, 1998)推估鹿林山事件日發生前120小時煙流後推軌跡,結果發現煙流在通過源區一天至一天半後各氣膠成份以及氣體前驅物進入穩定狀態,直到抵達鹿林山皆無顯著變化,其中煙流內SSA之變化在進入生質燃燒源區後受到EC在PM10中之百分比增加而下降,而在離開源區後SSA之變化則與相對溼度十分類似。
摘要(英) This study utilized the WRF-CHEM( Weather Research and Forecasting - Chemistry ) model to evaluate the optical and chemical properties of biomass burning plµme along long-range transport pathway from Indochina to Mt.Lulin during the 7-SEAS(7 South East Asian Studies) / Dongsha Experiment in March and April of 2010.

This study divided the weather type into two categories by different weather characteristics and trajectories for biomass plµme seriously influencing Mt. Lulin. The first type was mainly affected by extension of the Pacific high pressure at 700 hPa level. The second type was controlled by troµgh over northern Indochina at 700 hPa. The evaluation of WRF-CHEM performance by comparing satellite observation shows that simulated results of CO and AOD underestimated over North China, however the simulated distribution of biomass plµme is similar to observations. The simulated CO, O3 and PM10 have good performance as compared with Mt.Lulin. observations. In terms of IOA (Index Of Agreement), one of statistics in simulation, CO, O3 and PM10 were 0.7, 0.66 and 0.63, respectively. For scattering coeffiecient and absorption coefficient, the IOA of these optical factorswere 0.58 and 0.72, respectively. When simulation was over or underestimated in PM10, the scattering and absorption coefficients almost have the same situation. Due to valley wind, simulated and observed results have diurnal pattern.

For confirming the Mt.Lulin episodes affected by bimass burning and the variation of optical and chemical properties along the trajectories, We used the HYSPLIT model (Draxler and Hess, 1998) to simulate the 120-hour backward trajectory. After air mass passed the biomass burning source region, parts of the precursor gases converted to aerosols. Obviously, after about one and a half day the BB chemical compositions reached a near-stable state. The pollutants didn’t have significant change until arriving Mt. Lulin. The variational pattern of SSA was affected by EC portion in PM10 when air mass pass throµgh biomass burning source region. After passed source region, the trend of SSA in the BB plµme was similar to relative hµmidity.
關鍵字(中) ★ 生質燃燒
★ 大氣化學模式
★ 鹿林山
★ 氣膠光學厚度
★ 單次散射返照率
關鍵字(英) ★ biomass burning
★ WRF-CHEM
★ Lulin
★ aerosol optical depth
★ single scattering albedo
論文目次 目錄

摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章前言 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2研究目的 2
第二章文獻回顧 3
2.1中南半島地理以及氣象條件 3
2.2氣膠與輻射之交互作用 7
2.3生質燃燒之氣膠光學特性 9
2.4生質燃燒之模擬 12
第三章研究方法 13
3.1研究架構 14
3.1.1研究流程 14
3.2模式設定 15
3.3污染物傳輸路徑 20
3.3.1氣象場分析 20
3.3.2化學場分析 20
3.4衛星驗證模擬 21
3.4.1衛星俯視資料 21
3.4.2衛星剖面資料 21
3.5地面觀測驗證 22
3.5.1 WRF-CHEM污染物評估 23
3.5.2 WRF-CHEM光學特性評估 24
3.6 後推軌跡分析 26
3.6.1 事件日分析 26
第四章結果與討論 27
4.1 傳輸路徑分析 27
4.1.1 傳輸類型1 29
4.1.2 傳輸類型2 52
4.2 衛星資料評估WRF-CHEM模擬結果 60
4.2.1事件日分析:3月12日 62
4.2.2事件日分析:3月17日 67
4.2.3事件日分析:4月10日 73
4.3背景測站評估 79
4.3.1高山及平地之污染物驗證 79
4.3.2鹿林山光學分析 85
4.4後推軌跡分析 92
4.4.1事件日軌跡來源:3月12日 92
4.4.2事件日軌跡來源:3月17日 97
4.4.3事件日軌跡來源:4月10日 101
第五章結論與未來展望 107
5.1結論 107
5.2 未來展望 108
參考文獻 109
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指導教授 林能暉、莊銘棟
(Neng-huei Lin、Ming-Tung Chuang)
審核日期 2015-1-23
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