博碩士論文 102122008 詳細資訊




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姓名 蔡佩妤(Pei-Yu Tsai)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 英美語文學系
論文名稱
(Zola′s Paris Triology)
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摘要(中) 此論文以三本自然主義小說為主軸,分別為酒店、娜娜和婦女樂園,以及三個理論家米哈伊爾‧巴赫金所撰寫的拉伯雷和他的世界,探討文中的怪誕理性主義和嘉年華、查爾斯‧達爾文在探討本能中的適者生存而不適者淘汰的論述以及華特•班雅明對於十九世紀巴黎的轉變記載在三本小說中如何各自被呈現。

埃米爾•左拉是酒店、娜娜和婦女樂園小說的作者,此論文裡與三位有才智的理論家們有密切的關聯性,特別在左拉的這三本小說中得以分別看出端倪。酒店、娜娜和婦女樂園可以做為左拉對於三位理論家的論述的回饋、運用以及反思。身為一位自然主義小說家追求小說真實的描寫及刻畫,左拉讓小說中的角色們去應對他們內在以及外在的各種情況卻也呼應著現實生活中各個階級的遭遇。此外,在論述中也結合著對於米哈伊爾‧巴赫金理論的翻轉、查爾斯‧達爾文的排弱性以及透過華特•班雅明的歷史紀錄強化三本小說的真實度,近而顯示出小說裡建築在資本主義概念底下,角色們如何在競爭激烈的世界裡存活。
摘要(英) In this thesis on three Naturalist novels, L′assommoir, Nana and Au Bonheur des Dames, I respectively discuss the idea of grotesque realism and carnival in Mikhail Bakhtin′s Rabelais and His World, the idea of instinct in Charles Darwin′s survival of the fittest, and the idea of transition in Walter Benjamin′s literary theory.
Émile Zola, the author of L′assommoir, Nana and Au Bonheur des Dames, is obviously connected with those three intellectuals′ theories, and his L′assommoir, Nana and Au Bonheur des Dames can be viewed as his response and his reverse of the original idea to the intellectual positions of Bakhtin, Darwin, and Benjamin. As a Naturalistic novelist who seeks to depict reality, Zola has his characters cope with their internal and external conditions, and his narration is then tinged with Bakhtin′s, Darwin′s and Benjamin′s ideas. In light of Bakhtin′s Rabelais and His World, Darwin′s survival of the fittest, and Benjamin′s literary theory, the characters in L′assommoir, Nana and Au Bonheur des Dames are shown to be helpless creatures in a competitive universe which is based on capitalism.
關鍵字(中) ★ 左拉
★ 巴赫金
★ 班雅明
★ 達爾文
★ 怪誕理性主義
★ 嘉年華
★ 百貨公司
★ 漫遊者
★ 拱廊計畫
★ 資本主義
關鍵字(英) ★ Zola
★ Baktin
★ Benjamin
★ Darwin
★ grotesque realism
★ carnival
★ department store
★ flâneur
★ the arcade project
★ capitalism
論文目次 English Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Chinese Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Acknowledgement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chapter One: The Fall of Old Paris in L′assommoir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Chapter Two: The Rise of New Paris out of Old Paris in Nana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Chapter Three: The Emergence of Middle Class Production in Au Bonheur des Dames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Work Cited . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
參考文獻 Barth, Gunther. “Department Store.” City People: The Rise of Modern City Culture in nineteenth-Century America. Oxford UP, 1980. 110-47.
Becker, George J. Master European Realists of the Nineteenth Century. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co, 1982. 118.
Benjamin, Walter. Paris-Capital of the Nineteenth Century. Vol. 12. The MIT Press, 1969. 163-172.
Buck-Morss, Susan. The Dialectics of Seeing. The MIT Press, 1991. 5.
Clark, Katerina, and Michael Holquist. Mikhail Bakhtin. Harvard University Press, 1986.
Darwin, Charles. On The Origin of Species. 1859. London: Dent, 1967.
Davis, Deborah. “City of Light.” Strapless: John Singer Sargent and the fall of
Madame X. New York: Penguin, 2004. 25-45.
---. “A Professional Beauty.” Strapless: John Singer Sargent and the fall of Madame X. New York: Penguin, 2004. 47-57.
Harvey, David. Paris, Capital of Modernity. New York: Routledge, 2003.
Knapp, Bettina L. Emile Zola. New York: Fredrick Ungar, 1980.
Lukács, György. Studies in European Realism: A Sociological Survey of the Writing of Balzac, Stendhal, Zola, Tolstoy, Gorki and others. London: The Merlin Press, 1950. 85–96.
Bakhtin, Mikhail. Rabelais and His world. Trans. H. Iswolsky. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1984.
Miles, Malcolm; Borden, Iain; Hall, Tim, eds. “Introduction: The City.” The City Cultures Reader. London: Routledge, 2004. 1-6.
Nelson, Brain. Zola and the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge UP. Web. 10 March 2016.
Norton, William. Just the Facts 101: Cultural Geography: Environments. 3rd ed. EBook: Cram 101 Textbook. 2016. Web. 20 April 2016.
Parmée, Douglas. “Nana.” Introduction in Émile Zola′s Nana. Oxford University Press, 2009. xii note.
Rabelais, Francois. Gargantua and Pantagruel. Trans. M.A. Screech. Penguin Classics, 2006.
Rhys, Jean. “Mannequin.” The Left Bank. London: Penguin Books, 1982. 149-155.
Shaya, Gregory. The Flâneur, the Badaud, and the Making of a Mass Public in France, circa 1860–1910. American Historical Review109, 2004.
Vizetelly, Ernest. The Fortune of the Rougons. Ed. Dagny, John Bickers and David Widger. Gutenberg: EBook #5135. Web. 25 March 2016.
Zola, Émile. L′assommoir. Cambridge University Press, 2007.
---.Nana. Oxford UP, 2006.
---.Au Bonheur des Dames (Ladies Paradise). Oxford UP, 2008.
---. “The Rougon-Macquart Cycle.” Complete Works of Emile Zola. Delphi Classics.
United Kingdom, ver. 2, 2013.
指導教授 白大維(David Barton) 審核日期 2016-8-23
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