博碩士論文 102232004 詳細資訊




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姓名 曾慶綸(Ching-Lun Tseng)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 光電科學與工程學系
論文名稱 AlN太陽能選擇性吸收膜之研究
(Research of the AlN solar selective film)
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摘要(中) 本論文為研究能控制顏色變化的太陽能選擇性吸收膜,我們僅用一種材料製成多層膜,選擇鋁靶材並使用磁控濺鍍方法,在腔體內通入不同的氮氣量,基於氮化鋁的折射率會有不同變化的特性,使其可以製成多種不同的基材,其中我們選用 、 作為高低折射率材料,透過調整多層膜最外層 的厚度來控制顏色的變化,並量測多層膜的反射率光譜圖。
從反射率的光譜可發現隨著變動層厚度增加,可見光區的波包會向長波偏移,可以藉此來控制顏色。將光譜代回函數運算後可得到不同厚度的吸收率,吸收率的效果幾乎都接近90%,而輻射率低於3%。最後可得多種顏色變化的選擇性吸收膜。
摘要(英) In this thesis, colored solar selective absorbing films have been designed and fabricated. We use only one material, aluminum, for the sputtering deposition process, and fill different amounts of nitrogen to obtained variety multi-layer film of aluminum nitrogen. The refractive index and extinction coefficient depend on the content of nitride. We choose AlN-14%、AlN-18% as high and low refractive index material and adjusted the thickness of the outermost AlN-18% layer to contract the appearance of color. Then we measured the reflectance spectra of multi-layer film to calculate the absorption and emission.
For calculating the absorption of the stacks including different thickness, we substituted spectral reflectance into equations. The result of absorbance is close to 90% and the emittance is less than 3%. The colors located on CIE chromaticity diagram is not much difference from actual samples. That indicates the color control is feasible.
關鍵字(中) ★ 太陽能選擇性吸收膜
★ 彩色吸收膜
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 4
1-3 本文架構 4
第二章 材料與理論介紹 6
2-1 選擇性吸收膜 6
2-2 氮化鋁 9
2-3 薄膜理論 11
2-3-1 電磁波 11
2-3-2 均勻介質垂直入射的導納 13
2-3-3 單介面的反射與透射 14
2-3-4 單層膜&多層膜 15
2-4 色度座標 18
2-4-1 色彩空間(CIE)歷史簡介 19
2-4-2 色度座標的計算 19
第三章 實驗方法與設備 22
3-1 磁控濺鍍機 22
3-2 橢圓偏振儀 23
3-3 分光光譜儀(Hitachi U-4100) 24
第四章 實驗模擬分析與結果 25
4-1 選擇性吸收膜設計模擬優化概念 25
4-2 模擬與實際的吸收率和模擬的輻射率 29
4-3 CIE 色度座標 34
第五章 結論與未來工作 42
參考文獻 43
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指導教授 李正中(Cheng-Chung Lee) 審核日期 2015-11-18
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