|| 財團法人器官捐贈移植登錄中心：一O三年度器官捐贈人數統計表 2015年3月5日，取自http://www.torsc.org.tw/transplant/transplant_01.jsp#|
 K. Rezwana, Q.Z. Chen, J. J. Blaker, and A. R. Boccaccini, “Biodegradable and bioactive porous polymer/inorganic composite scaffolds for bone tissue engineering” Biomaterials, Vol. 27, pp. 3413-3431, 2002.
 R. P. Lanza, R. Langer, and J. Vacanti, Principles of Tissue Engineering, 2nd Edition, Academic Press, pp. 251-261, 2000.
 D. W. Hutmacher, T. Schantz, I. Zein, K. W. Ng, S. H. Teoh, and K. C. Tan, “Mechanical properties and cell cultural response of polycaprolactone scaffolds designed and fabricated via fused deposition modeling” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Vol. 55, pp. 203-216, 2001.
 T. H. Ang, F. S. A. Sultana, D.W. Hutmacher, Y. S. Wong, J. Y. H. Fuh,
X. M. Mob, H. T. Loh, E. Burdet, and S. H. Teoh, “Fabrication of 3D chitosan–hydroxyapatite scaffolds using a robotic dispensing system” Materials Science and Engineering C, Vol. 20, pp. 35-42, 2002.
 C. X. Lam, X. M. Moa, S. H. Teoh, and D. W. Hutmacher, “Scaffold development using 3D printing with a starch-based polymer” Materials Science and Engineering C, Vol. 20, pp. 49-56, 2002.
 I. Zein, D. W. Hutmacher, K. C. Tan, and S. H. Teoh, “Fused deposition modeling of novel scaffold architectures for tissue engineering applications” Biomaterials, Vol. 23, pp. 1169-1185, 2002.
 R. Landers, and R. Mulhaupt, “Desktop manufacturing of complex objects, prototypes and biomedical scaffolds by means of computer-assisted design combined with computer-guided 3D plotting of polymers and reactive oligomers” Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, Vol. 282, pp. 17-21, 2000.
 R. Landers, U. Hubner, R. Schmelzeisen, and R. Mulhaupt, “Rapid prototyping of scaffolds derived from thermos reversible hydrogels and tailored for applications in tissue engineering” Biomaterials, Vol. 23, pp. 4437-4447, 2002.
 Z. Xiong , Y. Yan, S. Wang, R. Zhang, and C. Zhang, “Fabrication of porous scaffolds for bone tissue engineering via low-temperature deposition” Scripta Materialia, Vol. 46, pp. 771-776, 2002.
 L. Liu, Z. Xiong, Y. Yan, R. Zhang, X. Wang, and L. Jin, “Multinozzle Low-Temperature Deposition System for Construction of Gradient Tissue Engineering Scaffolds” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials,
Vol. 88, pp. 254-263, 2009.
 C. B. Pham, K. F. Leong, T. C. Lim and K. S. Chian, “Rapid freeze prototyping technique in bio-plotters for tissue scaffold fabrication” Rapid Prototyping Journal,
Vol. 14, pp. 246-253, 2008.
 Y. Nishiyama, and M. Nakamura, “Development of a Three-Dimensional Bioprinter: Construction of Cell Supporting Structures Using Hydrogel and State-Of-The-Art Inkjet Technology” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 131, 035001, 2009.
 C. Heller, M. Schwentenwein, G. Russmueller, F. Varga, J. Stampfl, and R. Liska “Vinyl Esters: Low Cytotoxicity Monomers for the Fabrication of Biocompatible 3D Scaffolds by Lithography Based Additive Manufacturing” Journal of Polymer Science: Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 47, pp. 6941-6954, 2009.
 K. C. Kolan, M. C. Leu, G. E. Hilmas, R. F. Brown, and M. Velez, “Fabrication of 13-93 bioactive glass scaffolds for bone tissue engineering using indirect selective laser sintering” Biofabrication, Vol. 3, 025004, 2011.
 I. T. Ozbolat, H. Chen, and Y. Yu ”Development of ‘Multi-arm Bioprinter’ for hybrid biofabrication of tissue engineering constructs” Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 30, pp. 295–304, 2014.
 T. Billiet, M. Vandenhaute, J. Schelfhout, S. V. Vlierberghe, and P. Dubruel “A review of trends and limitations in hydrogel-rapid prototyping for tissue engineering” Biomaterials, Vol. 33, pp. 6020–6041, 2012.
 J. A. Nielsen, V. Kasperchik, and L. Kramer, ” Materials and methods for freeform fabrication of solid three-dimensional objects using fusible, water-containing support materials” US Patent 7 255 825 B2, Aug. 14, 2007.
 W. Zhang, M. C. Leu, Z. Ji, and Y. Yan, “Method and apparatus for rapid freeezing prototyping” US Patent 6 253 116 B1, Jun. 26, 2001.
 K. S. Chian, F. K. Leong, and T. C. Lim, “Manufacturing three-dimensional scaffolds using cryogenic prototyping” US Patent 8 557 163 B2, Oct. 15, 2013.
 F. P. Melchelsa, M. A. Domingosc, T. J. Kleina, J. Malda, P. J. Bartolo, and D. W. Hutmacher, “Additive manufacturing of tissues and organs” Progress in Polymer Science, Vol. 37, pp. 1079-1104, 2012.
 L. Liu, Z. Xiong, Y. Yan, Y. Hu, R. Zhang, and S. Wang, “Porous morphology, porosity, mechanical properties of poly(a-hydroxy acid)–tricalcium phosphate composite scaffolds fabricated by low-temperature deposition” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, Vol. 82, pp. 618-629, 2007.
 K. C. Hung, C. S. Tseng, and S. H. Hsu, “Synthesis and 3D Printing of Biodegradable Polyurethane Elastomer by a Water-based Process for Cartilage Tissue Engineering Applications” Advanced Healthcare Materials, Vol. 3, pp. 1578-1587, 2014.