博碩士論文 102323034 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳自榮(CHEN, ZIH-RONG)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 側聚光型太陽能電池系統之聚光元件設計與製作
(Design and fabrication of solar concentrator for edge-absorption concentrated photovoltaic system)
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摘要(中) 本論文以設計開發小型側聚光元件,將之應用於行動電源裝置為目標。選用聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯(PMMA)作為聚光元件材料,運用PMMA之折射率特性,設計V型反射溝槽,於不同反射位置產生不同角度的反射面,藉由這些反射面將光線在PMMA中反射至側邊。以軟體計算輔助反射面之設計,且運用光學軟體模擬分析結果。
所設計之聚光元件製作完成後,量測該元件之實際表面輪廓。我們使用光學顯微鏡做為加工後表面輪廓的測量工具,量測加工造成的導角、偏移公差、表面鍍膜反射率等數據,以重新在光學軟體中建立模型,並且模擬分析加工後之結果。在效率量測方面,將聚光元件放置於太陽光模擬器中,量測I-V特性,得到實驗實際功率,並與模擬結果進行分析比較。最後將數個聚光元件組成一個充電模組,並將所得到的電能充入行動電源裝置,以驗證此側聚光型太陽能電池系統之效能。
摘要(英) In this research, the design of planar solar concentrator (PSC) will be applied to portable charger. Using polymathic methacrylate (PMMA) as the material, and use the characteristics of refractive index to design the planar solar concentrator. Designing the V-shape, and reflection surfaces at different angles in different reflection position. With these reflection surfaces reflecting the light to the side of planar solar concentrator. Using computer software to calculate the reflector surfaces, and use the LightTools to analysis.
After the design of concentrator is finished by injection molding, measuring the surface profile. We use the optical microscope as the measuring instruments to measure lead angles, tolerance, and coating reflectivity data. Re-establishing the model in LightTools, and get the result of simulation. For measuring efficiency, the planar solar concentrator (PSC) is placed in solar simulator, and measuring the I-V curve. We also get the real power, and compared with the data of simulation.
Finally, a number of PSC to form a module, and store the electric energy to the portable charger to verify the effectiveness of the PSC system.
關鍵字(中) ★ 側聚光元件
★ 太陽能電池
★ LightTools
★ 行動電源
關鍵字(英) ★ Planar solar concentrator
★ Concentrated photovoltaic system
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VIII
第一章、緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 5
1-3 文獻回顧 6
1-4 研究方法與流程 11
1-5 論文架構 12
第二章、基礎理論與原理 13
2-1 幾何光學基本理論 13
2-2 菲涅耳方程式 17
2-3 非成像光學 19
2-4 小結 20
第三章、設計與模擬 21
3-1 側聚光元件設計概念 21
3-2 設計流程 24
3-3 聚酸甲酯(PMMA)材料特性 25
3-4 底部V溝反射面設計 27
3-5 溝槽鍍膜材料反射率模擬 31
3-6 光學軟體模擬流程 33
3-7 第一階段光學模擬 34
3-8 第二階段光學模擬 36
3-9 反射後能量損耗分析 37
3-10容忍角分析 41
3-12小結 44
第四章、儀器介紹與實驗 45
4-1 側聚光太陽能電池(電路板) 46
4-2 太陽光模擬器(94021A Class ABB Solar simulator) 47
4-3 太陽能電池分析儀(PROVA 200A) 49
4-4 基礎量測-側聚光太陽能電池基板量測 51
4-5 系統量測-含聚光元件之側聚光太陽能電池系統量測 54
4-6 電能儲存 67
4-7 小結 69
第五章、實驗結果與討論 70
5-1 公差分析 70
5-2 小結 74
第六章、結論與未來展望 75
6-1 結果與討論 75
6-2 未來展望 76
參考文獻 77

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指導教授 韋安琪(An-Chi Wei) 審核日期 2015-7-24
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