博碩士論文 102323081 詳細資訊




以作者查詢圖書館館藏 以作者查詢臺灣博碩士 以作者查詢全國書目 勘誤回報 、線上人數:6 、訪客IP:3.227.3.146
姓名 廖紘億(Hong-yi Liao)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 機械工程學系
論文名稱 自動相機校正與二維影像輪廓萃取研究
(The Research for Automatic Camera Calibration and Silhouette Extraction from 2D images)
相關論文
★ 雙光子光致聚合微製造系統之研發★ 雙光子光致聚合五軸微製造系統之雷射加工路徑生成研究
★ 椎弓根螺釘定位演算法及導引夾治具自動化設計流程開發★ 雙光子聚合微製造技術以能量均勻橢圓體為基之曝光時間最佳化研究
★ 雙光子光致聚合微製造以弦高誤差為基之切層演算法★ 雙光子光致聚合微製造技術以螺旋線雷射掃描路徑增強微結構強度研究
★ 雙光子聚合微製造技術之三維結構 製造品質改進研究★ 利用二維多重圖像建構三維三角網格模型的生成與品質改進
★ 組織工程用冷凍成型製造系統 之自動化製作流程開發★ 基於雙光子光致聚合技術之四軸微製造系統製作高深寬比結構之研究
★ 冷凍成型積層製造之機台設計與組織工程支架製作參數調校研究★ 基於二維影像輪廓重建三維模型技術之多視角相機群組空間座標系統整合
★ 應用於大型物體三維模型重建之多重二維校正板相機校正流程開發★ 組織工程用冷凍成型積層製造之固態水支撐結構生成研究
★ 聚醚醚酮之積層製造系統開發★ 基於雙光子聚合技術之長軸成形法製造高深寬比結構
檔案 [Endnote RIS 格式]    [Bibtex 格式]    [相關文章]   [文章引用]   [完整記錄]   [館藏目錄]   [檢視]  [下載]
  1. 本電子論文使用權限為同意立即開放。
  2. 已達開放權限電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。
  3. 請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。

摘要(中) 本論文發展一套自動相機校正與二維輪廓影像萃取之流程。首先介紹相機校正的應用,其次介紹相機校正的方法,接著介紹相機模型與二維輪廓萃取相關理論。
本論文以2D校正為基礎,發展使用不同型態定位片之校正流程,包含影像處理、感興趣區域找尋與解碼定位片,並以自二維影像萃取出之輪廓外形配合相機校正之結果進行由本論文開發的反投影方法,還原相機在拍攝當下的環境,並將二維影像上的資訊由像素單位轉換至長度單位。
本論文最後舉三個不同範例,利用本論文提出之自動相機校正與二維輪廓影像萃取之流程產生校正結果,並使用這些結果輸入至應用端重建三維模型,用以驗證本研究之正確性。
摘要(英) This study develops a process of automatic camera calibration and extracts silhouette from 2D images. First, this study introduced camera calibration applications, and then introduced camera calibration methods. Finally, this study introduced theory of camera model and silhouette extraction method from 2D images.
This study, based on 2D camera calibration, develops a process of different type camera calibration pattern, including image process, regions of interest and decode calibration pattern. Performing re-projection method developed in this study by silhouette from 2D images and camera calibration result, this study are able to reappear the picture taking parameters and translate pixel unit to physical unit.
At last, this study will demonstrate three examples, using the development of process of automatic camera calibration and extract silhouette from 2D images and re-projection method. They are used to verify the accuracy of this study.
關鍵字(中) ★ 相機校正
★ 感興趣區域
★ 輪廓萃取
關鍵字(英) ★ camera calibration
★ regions of interest
★ extract silhouette
論文目次 摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
符號說明 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1-1背景 1
1-2 文獻回顧 2
1-3 研究動機 8
1-4 研究目的 8
1-5 論文大綱 9
第二章 理論說明 10
2-1 造鏡者公式 10
2-2 相機模型 12
2-3 單應性矩陣 16
2-4 相機校正 18
2-5 輪廓萃取與簡化 21
第三章 自動相機校正與2D影像輪廓萃取研究 26
3-1定位片設計與規格 27
3-2 影像處理與感興趣區域找尋 27
3-3 解碼定位片 29
3-4 相機校正 35
3-5 相機校正輸出格式 39
3-6 輪廓萃取 40
3-7 反投影 42
第四章 結果與驗證 44
4-1本論文使用之開源資料庫與人機介面介紹 44
4-2相機校正驗證 46
4-3 範例驗證 47
第五章 結論與未來展望 63
5-1 結論 63
5-2 未來展望 63
參考文獻 65
參考文獻 [1] Q. Wang, L. Fu and Z. Liu, “Review on Camera Calibration”, in Proceedings of the IEEE Control and Decision Conference (CCDC), pp. 3354-3358, 2010.
[2] Z. Zhang, ” Camera Calibration with One-Dimensional Object”, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intellgence, Vol. 26, NO. 7, July 2004.
[3] O. D. Faugeras and G. Toscani, “The Calibration Problem for Stereo”, IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recongnition, Minmi Beach, Florida, pp. 15-20, June 1986.
[4] Z. Zhang, “A Flexible New Technique for Camera Calibration”, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 22, pp. 1330-1334, 2000.
[5] O. D. Faugeras, Q. T. Luong and S. J. Maybank, “Camera Self-calibration: Theory and Experiments”, Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Computer Vision, Italy, pp.321-334. 1992.
[6] S. Ma., “A Self-calibration Technique for Active Vision System”, IEEE Tran. Robotics and Automation, Vol. 13, no.5, pp. 114-120. 1996.
[7] 許捷皓,「運用校正版與鏡頭光學參數的內視鏡影像校正法」,中原大學,碩士論文,2004。
[8] J. Malik, S. Belongie, T. Leung and J. Shi, “Contour and Texture Analysis for Image Segmentation”, IJCV, Vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 7-27, 2001.
[9] P. Arbelaez, M. Maire, C. Fowlkes and J. Malik, “From Contours to Regions: An Empirical Evaluation”, in Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. IEEE, pp. 2294-2301, 2009.
[10] Y. Cao, C. Wang, L. Zhang, “Edgel Index for Large-scale Sketch-based Image Search”, in Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, IEEE, pp. 761-768, 2011.
[11] M. Maire, S. X. Yu and P. Perona, “Object Detection and Segmentation from Joint Embedding of Parts and Pixels”, in International Conference on Computer Version. IEEE, pp. 2142-2149, 2011.
[12] S. Belongie, J. Malik and J. Puzicha, “Shape Matching and Object Recognition using Shape Contexts”, IEEE, Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 509-522, 2002.
[13] R. Tsai, “A Versatile Camera Calibration Technique for High-accuracy 3D Machine Vision Metrology using Off-the-shelf TV Camera Lenses”, IEEE Journal of Robotics and Automation, Vol. RA-3, pp. 323-344, 1997.
[14] C. Ricolfe-Viala and A.-J. Sanchez-Salmeron, “Optimal Conditions for Camera Calibration using a Planar Template”, in Proceedings of the IEEE Image Processing (ICIP), pp. 853 - 856, 2011.
[15] M. Matsugu, K. Iijima, K. Yano, S. Kurahashi, T. Kondo and M. Ishikawa, “Image Processing Apparatus”, United States Patent, patent No: 6621921 B1, 2003.
[16] W. Song, Z. Miao and H. Wu, “Automatic Calibration Method Based on Improved Camera Calibration Temple”, in Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks (ICWMMN), pp. 301-305, 2013.
[17] A. Fetic, D. Juric and D. Osmankovic, “The Procedure of a Camera Calibration using Camera Calibration Toolbox for MATLAB”, in Proceedings of the International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO), pp. 1752-1757, 2012.
[18] W. Niem and J. Wingbermühle, “Automatic Reconstruction of 3D Objects Using a Mobile Monoscopic Camera”, in Proceedings of International Conference on Recent Advances in 3-D Digital Imaging and Modeling, pp.173-180, 1997.
[19] X. Wang, “Camera Calibration Method Base on A Flexible Spliced Pattern of Equilateral Triangles”, IEEE Conference Publications pp. 250-254, DOI: 10.1109/CAC.6775737, 2013.
[20] L. Xia and S. Dai, “Circle and Circular Arc Detection Algorithm Research based on Freeman Chain Code”, in International Conference on Electronics Information and Emergency Communication (ICEIEC). IEEE, pp. 230-233, 2013.
[21] 耿繼業與何建娃,幾何光學,第三版,全華,2010.
[22] 何祈磊,「具有影像優化處理的環場鳥瞰監視停車輔助系統」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,2009。
[23] R. Sukthankar, R. Stockton and M. Mulln, “Smarter Presentations: Exploiting Homography in Camera Projector Systems”, in Proceedings of International Conference on Computer on Computer Vision, Vol. 1, pp. 247-253, July, 2001.
[24] 陳相儒,「應用投影機產生動態Anamorphic影像的研究」,銘傳大學,碩士論文,2009。
[25] R. Hartley and A. Zisserman, Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision, Cambridge university press, 2ed, 2003.
[26] 吳宗憲,「非共平面文件影像透視矯正」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,2011。
[27] D. Marquardt, “An Algorithm for Least-squares Estimation of Nonlinear Parameters” SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, Vol. 11, pp. 431-441, 1963.
[28] 吳成柯等,數位影像處理,儒林圖書,1995.
[29] R. C. Gonzalez and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing, 3rd Edition. Prentice Hall, New York, 2007.
[30] J. F. Canny, “A Computational Approach to Edge Detection,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine intel., Vol. PAMI-88, pp. 679-698, Nov. 1986.
[31] 鄭文瑋,「在次像素精準度下的邊緣偵測演算法及其應用」,銘傳大學,碩士論文,2005。
[32] 張宸銘,「應用視訊之自動化手勢軌跡追蹤系統」,中原大學,碩士論文,2009。
[33] 彭振軒,「使用樣板比對做進出口行人數量統計」,國立中央大學,碩士論文,2006。
[34] J. Wang, W. Song, L, Zhao, W. Wang, “Application of Improved Freeman Chain Code in Edge Tracking and Straight Line Extraction” Journal of Signal Processing, Vol.30 Issue 4, pp. 422-430, 2014.
[35] 張顯全、王繼軍、蔣聯源,「基於Freeman鏈碼的圓識別方法」,計算機工程,第33卷,第15期,2007。
[36] G. Bradski and A. Kaehler, Leaning OpenCV, Oreilly, 2008.
[37] 吳東東、周東翔、關濤、宋保泉,「一種基於輪廓多邊形逼近的可見光與紅外線圖像配準方法」,計算機應用與軟件,第29卷,第10期,2012。
[38] ImageProcessor 官方網站http://imageprocessor.org/
[39] BestFit 介紹網站http://acraig.za.net/src/best-fit/best-fit.html
[40] EmguCV 官方網站http://www.emgu.com/
[41] OpenCV 官方網站http://opencv.org/
指導教授 廖昭仰(Chao-yaug Liao) 審核日期 2015-8-25
推文 facebook   plurk   twitter   funp   google   live   udn   HD   myshare   reddit   netvibes   friend   youpush   delicious   baidu   
網路書籤 Google bookmarks   del.icio.us   hemidemi   myshare   

若有論文相關問題,請聯絡國立中央大學圖書館推廣服務組 TEL:(03)422-7151轉57407,或E-mail聯絡  - 隱私權政策聲明