博碩士論文 102324022 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳鴻昇(Hong-sheng Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 利用核殼結構次微米球建構具耐溶劑性質及機械性質之光子晶體膜
(Photonic Crystal Films with Excellent Solvent Resistance and Mechanical Properties by Using Core-Shell Submicrospheres)
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摘要(中) 本研究乃利用無乳化劑乳化聚合法於沸騰狀態,搭配二階段單體添加的製備方式,設計一系列具有硬核心以及軟殼層之均一粒徑核殼結構次微米球,硬核心提供光子晶體膜所需要的結晶性質,維持周期性之規則排列,軟殼層則作為黏著劑的角色,增加球與球之間高分子鏈相互纏繞的連結力,提升光子晶體成膜性質。
研究之核殼結構次微米球包含PS/PBA、PS/PBMA、PS/P(BA-co-SCA)、PS/P(BA-co-SCA-co-DVB)、P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)/P(BA-co-SCA)、P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)/P(BMA-co-SCA)。當自交聯劑(Self-crosslinking agent, SCA)導入二階段添加單體程序當中,有助於次微米球內形成明顯核心以及殼層結構,使殼層能夠有效改質核心,達到所需之性質;並藉由核心及殼層之折射率差,使光子晶體膜能夠顯示結構性色彩。同時,SCA添加量適當時,其提供之官能基作用力可增加顆粒於室溫自組裝時,排列之規則度,進而提升光子晶體膜之光學性質。另一方面,透過SCA的官能基團進一步行自交聯反應,於殼層高分子相互纏繞形成的連續相內,產生共價鍵結之網狀交聯體結構,可應用於提升光子晶體薄膜的機械強度及耐溶劑性質。
摘要(英) In this study, monodispersed core-shell submicrospheres were prepared by two-step soap-free emulsion polymerization at boiling state. Hard core provided crystalline ability that maintain periodic array. On the other hand, soft shell as the role of adhesive between particles that improved film-forming property of photonic crystal(PC).
The monodispersed core-shell submicrospheres were PS/PBA, PS/PBMA, PS/P(BA-co-SCA), PS/P(BA-co-SCA-co-DVB), P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)/P(BA-co-SCA),P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)/P(BMA-co-SCA).
The core-shell structure submicrospheres were obtained by introducing SCA (Self-crosslinking agent). So, PC could exhibit structure colors by these submicrospheres. Photonic bandgap were improved by appropriate amount of SCA which could increase regular arrangement by functional force interparticles. Moreover, functional groups of SCA were further reacted by self-condensation to form network structure to improve the mechanical strength and solvent-resistance properties of PC.
關鍵字(中) ★ 無乳化劑乳化聚合
★ 均ㄧ粒徑核殼結構次微米球
★ 自交聯劑
★ 光子晶體
★ 機械強度
★ 耐溶劑性質
關鍵字(英)
論文目次 摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 XI
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 實驗 8
2-1 實驗藥品 8
2-2實驗儀器 10
2-3實驗方法 11
2-3-1 單體精製 11
2-3-2 快速製備具核殼結構之均一粒徑次微米球 11
2-3-2-1核殼結構次微米球之製備 12
2-3-2-2核心具交聯之核殼結構次微米球之製備 13
2-3-2-3殼層具交聯之核殼結構次微米球之製備 14
2-3-3 光子晶體之製備 15
2-3-4 反蛋白石光子晶體之製備 15
2-4 儀器分析 15
2-4-1 掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)測試條件 15
2-4-2 動態粒徑分析儀(DLS)測試條件 15
2-4-3 紫外-可見光光譜儀(UV-vis)測試條件 16
2-4-4 微差掃描熱分析儀(DSC)測試條件 16
2-4-5 鉛筆硬度機(Pencil Hardness)測試條件 16
2-4-6 拉伸測試 16
第三章 結果與討論 17
3-1 PS/PBA及PS/PBMA核殼結構次微米球之研究 20
3-1-1 PS/PBA核殼結構次微米球之研究 20
3-1-1-1 粒徑與表面型態分析 20
3-1-1-2 光學性質之探討 21
3-1-2 PS/PBMA核殼結構次微米球之研究 21
3-1-2-1 粒徑與表面型態分析 21
3-1-2-2 光學性質之探討 22
3-2 PS/P(BA-co-NMA)核殼結構次微米球之研究 34
3-2-1 粒徑與表面型態分析 34
3-2-2 光學性質之探討 36
3-2-3 機械強度特性 36
3-2-4 反蛋白石結構之製備 37
3-2-4-1表面型態分析 38
3-3 PS/P(BA-co-NMA-co-DVB)核殼結構次微米球之研究 49
3-3-1 粒徑與表面型態分析 49
3-3-2 光學性質之探討 50
3-4 P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)/P(BA-co-NMA)核殼結構次微米球之研究 57
3-4-1 P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)/P(BA-co-NMA)核殼結構次微米球 57
3-4-1-1 粒徑與表面型態分析 57
3-4-1-2 光學性質之探討 59
3-4-1-3 熱性質分析 60
3-4-1-4 有效折射率 60
3-4-1-5 機械強度特性 62
3-4-1-6 耐溶劑測試 63
3-4-2 減少P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)硬核心比例之核殼結構次微米球 64
3-4-2-1 粒徑與表面型態分析 65
3-4-2-2 光學性質之探討 66
3-4-2-3 機械強度特性 66
3-5 P(St-co-MMA-co-DVB)/P(BMA-co-NMA)核殼結構次微米球之研究 97
3-5-1 粒徑與表面型態分析 97
3-5-2 熱性質分析 98
3-5-3 光學性質之探討 99
3-5-4 有效折射率 99
3-5-5 機械強度特性 100
3-5-6 耐溶劑測試 101
第四章 結論 123
參考文獻 126
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指導教授 陳暉(Hui Chen) 審核日期 2015-6-15
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