|| E. Boisselier and D. Astruc, “Gold nanoparticles in nanomedicine: preparations, imaging, diagnostics, therapies and toxicity.” Chemical Society Reviews 38 (2009) 1759-1782.|
 A. Mews, A. V. Kadavanich, U. Banin, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Structural and spectroscopic investigations of CdS/HgS/CdS quantum-dot quantum wells.” Physical Review B 53 (1996) 13242-13245.
 J. Tang, L. Brzozowski, D. A. R. Barkhouse, X. Wang, R. Debnath, R. Wolowiec, E. Palmiano, L. Levina, A. G. P. Abraham, D. Jamakosmanovic, and E. H. Sargent , “Quantum dot photovoltaics in the extreme quantum confinement regime: the surface-chemical origins of exceptional air-and light-stability.” American Chemical Society Nano 4 (2010) 869-878.
 P. I. Wang, Y. P. Zhao, G. C. Wang, and T. M. Lu, “Novel growth mechanism of single crystalline Cu nanorods by electron beam irradiation.” Nanotechnology 15 (2004) 218-222.
 P. M. Rao, L. Cai, C. Liu, I. S. Cho, C. H. Lee, J. M. Weisse, P. Yang, and X. Zheng, “Simultaneously efficient light absorption and charge separation in WO3/BiVO4 core/shell nanowire photoanode for photoelectrochemical water oxidation.” Nano Letters 14 (2014) 1099-1105.
 W. Wei, X. Yibing, W. Yong, D. Hongxiu, X. Chi, and T. Fang, “Glucose biosensor based on glucose oxidase immobilized on unhybridized titanium dioxide nanotube arrays. ” Microchimica Acta 181 (2014) 381-387.
 N. A. Malvadkar, M. J. Hancock, K. Sekeroglu, W. J. Dressick, and M. C. Demirel, “An engineered anisotropic nanofilm with unidirectional wetting properties.” Nature Materials 9 (2010) 1023-1028.
 B. Mitra and K. P. Ghatak, “On the field emission from HgTe/CdTe supperlattices with graded structures in the presence of a quantizing magnetic field.” Physics Letters A 146 (1990) 357-361.
 S. Nakamura, M. Senoh, N. Iwasa, S. I. Nagahama, T. Yamada, and T. Mukai, “Superbright green InGaN single-quantum-well-structure light-emitting diodes.” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 34 (1995) L1332-L1335.
 B.Bahadur, J. D. Sampica, J. L. Tchon, and A Butterfield "Direct dry film optical bonding‐A low‐cost, robust, and scalable display lamination technology." Journal of the Society for Information Display 19 (2011) 732-740.
 S. P. Chow and G. L. Harding, “Effect of antireflection coatings on the transmittance of glass tubular and plane double glazed covers for flat plate solar collectors.” Solar Energy 34 (1985) 183-186.
 H. K. Raut, V. A. Ganesh, A. S. Nair, and S. Ramakrishna, “Anti-reflective coatings: A critical, in-depth review.” Energy & Environmental Science 4 (2011) 3779-3804.
 F. Rubio, J. Denis, J. M. Albella, and J. M. M. Duart, “Sputtered Ta2O5 antireflection coatings for silicon solar cells.” Thin Solid Films 90 (1982) 405-408.
 A. A. Tesar, M. Balooch, K. W. Shotts, and W. J. Siekhaus, “Morphology and laser damage studies by atomic force microscopy of e-beam evaporation deposited antireflection and high-reflection coatings.” International Society for Optics and Photonics 1441 (1990) 228.
 S. Ogura, N. Sugawara and R. Hiraga, “Refractive index and packing density for MgF2 films: correlation of temperature dependence with water sorption.” Thin Solid Films 30 (1975) 3-10.
 W. J. Coleman, “Evolution of optical thin films by sputtering.” Applied Optics 13 (1974) 946-951.
 M. F. Schubert, F. W. Mont, S. Chhajed, D. J. Poxson, J. K. Kim, and E. F. Schubert “Design of multilayer antireflection coatings made from co-sputtered and low-refractive-index materials by genetic algorithm.” Optics Express 16 (2008) 5290-5298.
 D. Chen, “Anti-reflection (AR) coatings made by sol–gel processes: a review.” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 68 (2001) 313-336.
 P. Lalanne and M. Hutley, “The optical properties of artificial media structured at a subwavelength scale.” Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering (2003) 62-71.
 T. Lohmueller, R. Brunner, J. P. Spatz, “Improved properties of optical surfaces by following the example of the moth eye.” Biomimetics Learnings from Nature (2010) 451-466.
 S. J. Wilson and M. C. Hutley, “The optical properties of moth eye antireflection surfaces.” Journal of Modern Optics 29 (1982) 993-1009.
 C. H. Sun, P. Jiang and Bin Jiang, “Broadband moth-eye antireflection coatings on silicon.” Applied Physics Letters 92 (2008) 061112.
 Q. Chen, G. Hubbard, P. A. Shields, C. Liu, D. W. E. Allsopp, W. N. Wang, and S. Abbott,”Broadband moth-eye antireflection coatings fabricated by low-cost nanoimprinting.” Applied Physics Letters 94 (2009): 263118.
 C. J. Ting, C. F. Chen, and C. P. Chou, “Subwavelength structures for broadband antireflection application.” Optics Communications 282 (2009) 434-438.
 X. Zhang, J. Zhang, Z. Ren, X. Li, X. Zhang, D. Zhu, T. Wang, and T. T. B.Yang, “Morphology and wettability control of silicon cone arrays using colloidal lithography,” Langmuir 25 (2009) 7375-7382.
 Y. Kanamori, E. Roy, and Y. Chen, “Antireflection sub-wavelength gratings fabricated by spin-coating replication,” Microelectronic Engineering 78 (2005) 287-293.
 T Taguchi, H Hayashi, A Fujii, and K Tsuda, “80.3: Distinguished paper: ultra‐low‐reflective 60‐in. LCD with uniform moth‐eye surface for digital signage.” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers. 41 (2010) 1196-1199.
 U. Yoshihiro, “Continuous roll imprinting of moth eye antireflection surface using anodic porous alumina.” Springer Netherlands (2012): 915-917.
 T. Yanagishita, K. Nishio , and H. Masuda, “Antireflection polymer hole array structures by imprinting using metal molds from anodic porous alumina.” Applied Physics Express 1 (2008) 067004.
 L. Soserov and R. Todorov, “Optical properties of thin nanoporous aluminium oxide films formed by anodization.” Bulgarian Chemical Communications 45 (2013) 47-50.
 J. Wang, C.W. Wang, Y. Li, and W.M. Liu, “Optical constants of anodic aluminum oxide films formed in oxalic acid solution.” Thin Solid Films 516 (2008) 7689-7694.
 T. D. Lazzara, K. H. Aaron Lau, and K. Wolfgang, “Mounted nanoporous anodic alumina thin films as planar optical waveguides.” Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 10 (2010) 4293-4299.
 M. Pashchanka, S. Yadav, T. Cottr, and J. J. Schneider, “Porous alumina-metallic Pt/Pd, Cr or Al layered nanocoatings with fully controlled variable interference colors.” Nanoscale 6 (2014) 12877-12883.
 T. S. Shih, P. S. Wei, and Y.S. Huang, “Optical properties of anodic aluminum oxide films on Al alloys.” Surface and Coatings Technology 202 (2008) 3298-3305.
 G. E. Moore, “Cramming more components onto integrated circuits.” Proceedings of the IEEE 86 (1998) 82-85.
 M. T. Bohr, “Interconnect scaling-the real limiter to high performance ULSI.”, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (1995) 241-244.
 C. Ryu, K. W. Kwon, A. L. S. Loke, and H. Lee, “Microstructure and reliability of copper interconnects.” Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers 46 (1999) 1113-1120.
 A. V. Vairagar, S. G. Mhaisalkar and, A. Krishnamoorthy, “Effect of surface treatment on electromigration in sub-micron Cu damascene interconnects,” Thin Solid Films 462 (2004) 325-329.
 C. N. Liao, K. C. Chen, W. W. Wu, and L. J. Chen, "In-situ transmission electron microscopy study of nanotwinned copper under electromigration." Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (2010) 254-255.
 J. Tao, N. W. Cheung, and C. Hu, "Electromigration characteristics of copper interconnects." Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers 14 (1993) 249-251.
 F. M. d’Heurle, “The effect of copper additions on electromigration in aluminum thin films.” Metallurgical Transactions 2 (1971) 683-689.
 Y. C. Hu, Y. H. Lin, C. R. Kao, and K. N. Tu, “Electromigration failure in flip chip solder joints due to rapid dissolution of copper.” Journal of Materials Research 18 (2003) 2544-2548.
 P. C. Wang and R. G. Filippi, “Electromigration threshold in copper interconnects.” Applied Physics Letters 78 (2001) 3598-3600.
 C. Y. Tsai, C. H. Lin, and M. S. Yang, "Preventing electromigration of copper; enhanced wetting ability on surface of under layer." U.S. Patent No. 6,429,115. 6 Aug. 2002.
 白春禮，“Nanometer scale science and technology,”凡異出版社
 白木 靖寬，“薄膜工程學” 全華科技出版社
 X. Wang and G. R. Han, “Fabrication and characterization of anodic aluminum oxide template.” Microelectronic Engineering 66 (2003) 166-170.
 A. Belwalkar, E. Grasing, W. Van Geertruyden , Z. Huang, and W. Z. Misiolek, “Effect of processing parameters on pore structure and thickness of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) tubular membranes.” Journal of Membrane Science 319 (2008) 192-198.
 S. K. Hwang, S. H. Jeong, H.Y. Hwang, O. J. Lee, and K. H. Lee, “Fabrication of highly ordered pore array in anodic aluminum oxide.” Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering 19 (2002) 467-473.
 N. Itoh, K. Kato, T. Tsuji, and M. Hongo, “Preparation of a tubular anodic aluminum oxide membrane.” Journal of Membrane Science 117 (1996) 189-196.
 K. Schwirn, W. Lee, R. Hillebrand, M. Steinhart, K. Nielsch, and U. Gösele, “Self-ordered anodic aluminum oxide formed by H2SO4 hard anodization.” American Chemical Society Nano 2 (2008) 302-310.
 G. E. Thompson, “Porous anodic alumina: fabrication, characterization and applications.” Thin Solid Films 297 (1997) 192-201.
 O. Jessensky, F. Müller and U. Gösele, “Self‐organized formation of hexagonal pore structures in anodic alumina.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 145 (1998) 3735-3740.
 O. Jessensky, F. Müller , and U. Gösele, “Self-organized formation of hexagonal pore arrays in anodic alumina.” Applied Physics Letters 72 (1998) 1173-1175.
 C. Ottone, M. Laurenti, K. Bejtka, A. Sanginario ,and V. Cauda, “The effects of the film thickness and roughness in the anodization process of very thin aluminum films.” Journal of Materials Science and Nanotechnology 1 (2014) 1-9
 H. Masuda and K. Fukuda, “Ordered metal nanohole arrays made by a two-step replication of honeycomb structures of anodic alumina.” Science 268 (1995) 1466-1468.
 H. Masuda, M. Yotsuya, M. Asano, K. Nishio, M. Nakao, A. Yokoo, and T. Tamamura, “Self-repair of ordered pattern of nanometer dimensions based on self-compensation properties of anodic porous alumina.” Applied Physics Letters 78 (2001) 826-828.
 H. Masuda, H. Asoh, M. Watanabe, K. Nishio, M. Nakao, and T. Tamamura, “Square and triangular nanohole array architectures in anodic alumina.” Advanced Materials 13 (2001) 189-192.
 C. Y. Liu, A. Datta, and Y. L. Wang, “Ordered anodic alumina nanochannels on focused-ion-beam-prepatterned aluminum surfaces.” Applied Physics Letters 78 (2001) 120-122.
 S. Z. Chu, K. Wada, S. Inou, and S. Todoroki, “Formation and microstructures of anodic alumina films from aluminum sputtered on glass substrate.” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 149 (2002) B321-B327.
 P. G. Miney, P. E. Colavita, M. V. Schiza, R. J. Priore, F. G. Haibach, and M. L. Myrick, “Growth and characterization of a porous aluminum oxide film formed on an electrically insulating support.” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 6 (2003) B42-B45.
 W. Zaghdoudi, M. Gaidi, and R. Chtourou, “Microstructural and optical properties of porous alumina elaborated on glass substrate.” Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 22 (2013) 869-874.
 C. J. Yang, S. W. Liang, P. W. Wu, C. Chen, and J. M. Shieh, “Fabrication of anodic aluminum oxide film on large-area glass substrate.” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters 10 (2007) C69-C71
 M. P. Houng, W. L. Lu, T. H. Yang, and K. W. Lee, “Characterization of the nanoporous template using anodic alumina method.” Journal of Nanomaterials 2014 (2014) 130716.
 K. Huang, Y. Li, Z. Wu, C. Li, H. Lai, and J Kang, “Asymmetric light reflectance effect in AAO on glass. ”Optics Express 19 (2011) 1301-1309.
 S. J. Park, H. S. Lee, J. H. Cho, and K. W. Lee, “Nanoporous anodic alumina film on glass: improving transparency by an ion-drift process.” Electrochemical and Solid-State letters 8 (2005) D5-D7.
 H. Zhuo, F. Peng, L. Lin, Y. Qu, and F. Lai, “Optical properties of porous anodic aluminum oxide thin films on quartz substrates.” Thin Solid Films 519 (2011) 2308-2312.
 Y. Wu and P. Yang, “Direct observation of vapor-liquid-solid nanowire growth.” Journal of the American Chemical Society 123 (2001) 3165-3166.
 Z. Miao, D. Xu, J. Ouyang, G. Guo, X. Zhao, and Y. Tang, “Electrochemically induced sol-gel preparation of single-crystalline TiO2 nanowires.” Nano Letters 2 (2002) 717-720.
 K. H. Tam, C. K. Cheung, Y. H. Leung, A. B. Djurišić, C. C. Ling, C. D. Beling, S. Fung, W. M. Kwok, W. K. Chan, D. L. Phillips, L. Ding, and W. K. Ge, “Defects in ZnO nanorods prepared by a hydrothermal method, ” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B 110 (2006) 20865-20871.
 Y. C. Kong, D.P. Yu, B. Zhang, W. Fang, and S. Q. Feng, “Ultraviolet-emitting ZnO nanowires synthesized by a physical vapor deposition approach,” Applied Physics Letters 78 (2001) 407-409.
 P. C. Chang, Z. Fan, D. Wang, W. Y. Tseng, W. A. Chiou, J. Hong, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowires synthesized by vapor trapping CVD method.” Chemistry of Materials 16 (2004) 5133-5137.
 M. P. Zach, K. H. Ng, and R. M. Penner, “Molybdenum nanowires by electrodeposition.” Science 290 (2000) 2120-2123.
 R. Al-Salman, J. Mallet, M. Molinari, P. Fricoteaux, F. Martineau, M. Troyon, S. Zein El Abedin, and F. Endres, “Template assisted electrodeposition of germanium and silicon nanowires in an ionic liquid.” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 10 (2008) 6233-6237.
 K. V. Singh, A. A. Martinez-Morales, G. T. S. Andavan, K. N. Bozhilov, and M. Ozkan “A simple way of synthesizing single-crystalline semiconducting copper sulfide nanorods by using ultrasonication during template-assisted electrodeposition.” Chemistry of Materials 19 (2007) 2446-2454.
 H. Liu, F. Wang, Y. Zhao, J. Liu, K. C. Park, and M.Endo,“Synthesis of iron–palladium binary alloy nanotubes by template-assisted electrodeposition from metal-complex solution.” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry 633 (2009) 15-18.
 M. Zhang, S. Lenhert, M. Wang, L. Chi, N. Lu, H. Fuchs, and N. B. Ming, “Regular Arrays of Copper Wires Formed by Template‐Assisted Electrodeposition.” Advanced Materials 16 (2004) 409-413.
 Y. Lai, Y. Huang, H. Wang, J. Huang, Z. Chen, and C. Lin, “Selective formation of ordered arrays of octacalcium phosphate ribbons on TiO2 nanotube surface by template-assisted electrodeposition.” Colloids and Surfaces B 76 (2010) 117-122.
 N. Taşaltın, S. Öztürk, N. Kılınç, H. Yüzer, and Z. Z. Öztürk, “Fabrication of Pd–Fe nanowires with a high aspect ratio by AAO template-assisted electrodeposition.” Journal of Alloys and Compounds 509 (2011) 3894-3898.
 SZ. El. Abedin, A. Prowald, and F. Endres, “Fabrication of highly ordered macroporous copper films using template-assisted electrodeposition in an ionic liquid.” Electrochemistry Communications 18 (2012) 70-73.
 M. T. Bohr, “Interconnect scaling-the real limiter to high performance ULSI,” Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (1995) 241-244.
 C. J .Shute, B. D. Myers, S. Xie, S. Y. Li, T. W. Barbee, A. M. Hodge, and J. R. Weertman, “Detwinning, damage and crack initiation during cyclic loading of Cu samples containing aligned nanotwins.” Acta Materialia 59 (2011) 4569-4577.
 H. Y. Hsiao, C. M. Liu, H. Lin, T. C. Liu, C. L. Lu, Y. S. Huang, C. Chen, and K. N. Tu, “Unidirectional growth of microbumps on (111)-oriented and nanotwinned copper.” Science 336 (2012) 1007-1010.
 D. Xu, V. Sriram, V. Ozolins, J. M. Yang, K. N. Tu, G. R. Stafford, C. Beauchamp, I. Zienert, H. Geisler, P. Hofmann, and E. Zschech, “Nanotwin formation and its physical properties and effect on reliability of copper interconnects.” Microelectronic Engineering 85 (2008) 2155-2158.
 N. Li, J. Wang, J. Y. Huang, A. Misra, and X. Zhang ,”Influence of slip transmission on the migration of incoherent twin boundaries in epitaxial nanotwinned Cu.” Scripta Materialia 64 (2011) 149-152.
 E. C. C. Yeh and K. N. Tu, “Numerical simulation of current crowding phenomena and their effects on electromigration in very large scale integration interconnects.” Journal of Applied Physics 88 (2000) 5680-5686.
 C. Ryu, K. W. Kwon, A. L. S. Loke, H. Lee, H. Nogami, T. Dubin, V. M, and S. S. Wong, “Microstructure and reliability of copper interconnects.” Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers 46 (1999) 1113-1120.
 L. Lu, Y. Shen, X. Chen, L. Qian, and K. Lu, “Ultrahigh strength and high electrical conductivity in copper.” Science 304 (2004) 422-426.
 K. C. Chen, W. W. Wu, C. N. Liao, L. J. Chen, and K. N. Tu, “Observation of atomic diffusion at twin-modified grain boundaries in copper,” Science 321 (2008) 1066-1069.
 C. N. Liao, Y. C. Lu, and D. Xu, “Modulation of crystallographic texture and twinning structure of cu nanowires by electrodeposition,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society 160 (2013) D207-D211.
 D. Xu, W. L. Kwan, K. Chen, X. Zhang, V. Ozolins, and K. N. Tu,. "Nanotwin formation in copper thin films by stress/strain relaxation in pulse electrodeposition." Applied Physics Letters 91 (2007) 254105.
 D. Xu, V. Sriram, V. Ozolins, J. M. Yang, K. N. Tu, G. R. Stafford, and C Beauchamp
, "In situ measurements of stress evolution for nanotwin formation during pulse electrodeposition of copper." Journal of Applied Physics 105 (2009) 023521.