博碩士論文 102324061 詳細資訊




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姓名 謝明倫(Hsieh Min-Lun)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 化學工程與材料工程學系
論文名稱 玻璃上易潔耐磨之透明薄膜
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摘要(中) 在本研究中我們在玻璃基材上製作出一個透明且易潔、高硬度且耐磨的表面塗層。我們利用氧化鋯具有透明且高硬度的特色,配置了一系列可以在尋常環境下操作的氧化鋯塗料。然後在玻璃基材浸鍍出10~100奈米的透明薄膜。 450oC燒結後,此鍍層擁有接近19Gpa的硬度,可以承受鋼絲絨多次的摩擦。我們用原子力顯微鏡測量樣品的表面粗糙度並與耐磨耗性能做關聯。之後將磷酯類分子(alkyl phosphate)與二甲基矽酮 (PDMS)對氧化鋯表面進行改質,形成了對水滴及油滴均低滯留的表面,由而達到易潔的特性。最後,利用水平摩擦試驗機與奈米壓痕硬度機對樣品進行耐磨性及硬度的測量。
摘要(英) An air stable zirconium sol was developed that produces a transparent and hard zirconium film on glass substrates by dip-coating method. A film with barely 10~20 nm thickness showed nearly 19Gpa indentation hardness after heat-treated at 450oC and withstood several hundred cycles of scratching with steel wool under load. We then proposed a relationship between the hardness, wear-resistance, and the roughness measured by AFM.
Further modification of the wear-resistant film with alkyl phosphate or PDMS leads to a hydrophobic surface showing very small contact angle hysteresis to both water and hexadecane, thereby becomes easy-cleaning. The durability of the surface was confirmed by the boil-water test, the cross-cut test, and further by the steel wool scratch test. The best product we obtained could withstand 900 cycles of steel wool scratch under 1kg/1cm2 load and still maintain hydrophobic with low contact angle hysteresis for water and hexadecane.
關鍵字(中) ★ 氧化鋯
★ 耐磨
★ 硬度
★ 抗指紋
關鍵字(英) ★ Zirconia
★ wear-resistant
★ Hardness
★ anti-fingerprint
論文目次 中文摘要 I
Abstract II
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VI
第一章、緒論 1
1-1 背景與研究動機 1
第二章、文獻回顧 4
2-1 高硬度鍍膜 4
2-2 自潔表面 6
2-3 易潔表面 7
2-4 鋯與磷的強鍵結作用力 9
2-5 實驗構想 10
第三章、實驗步驟及方法 11
3-1 實驗架構: 11
3-2 實驗藥品 12
3-3 塗佈液配製 13
3-3-1 ZrO2@Ac sol 13
3-3-1-1氧化鋯合成 13
3-3-1-2 醋酸改質氧化鋯 14
3-3-1-3 ZrO2@Ac塗佈液配製 15
3-3-2 醋酸穩定之鋯塗佈液配製 16
3-3-2-1 ZBC-Ac sol 16
3-3-2-2 ZOC-Ac sol 16
3-3-3 ZBC-Ac + ZrO2@Ac sol 16
3-4 塗佈與燒結 18
3-4-1 基材清洗 18
3-4-2 浸鍍 18
3-4-3 熱處理溫度 18
3-4-3-1 TGA及FTIR 18
3-4-3-2 ZOC-Ac及ZBC-Ac樣品測試 20
3-5 表面改質 22
3-5-1 磷酸酯改質 22
3-5-2 PDMS改質 23
3-6性質測量方法 24
3-6-1 磨耗試驗 24
3-6-2 接觸角測試 26
3-6-3 原子力顯微鏡(AFM) 27
3-6-4 UV-vis 光譜量測 27
3-6-5 耐用性測試 28
第四章、實驗結果與討論 29
4-1 氧化鋯膜層定次磨擦荷重測量 29
4-2 AFM表面粗造度測量 31
4-3 ZOC-Ac樣品之磨耗試驗 32
4-3-1利用UV-vis的反射率計算膜厚 32
4-3-2鍍膜之硬度與耐磨耗能力 35
4-3-3不同玻璃基材的影響 38
4-4 接觸角量測 39
4-5-1 定重耐摩擦次數 41
4-5-2 其他耐性測試 41
4-5-3市面上之抗指紋鋼化玻璃耐用性分析 42
第五章、總結與未來展望 43
檢討與建議 44
參考文獻 45
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指導教授 蔣孝澈(Anthony S.T. Chiang) 審核日期 2016-7-26
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