博碩士論文 102426011 詳細資訊




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姓名 陳泓融(Hong-rong-Chen)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 工業管理研究所
論文名稱 越庫作業之進貨區相關作業問題探討
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摘要(中) 在以往傳統之物流模式下,產品必須經過供應商、製造商、中盤商、經銷商與零售商的層層運送才能到達消費者手中。而在層層的轉運中都會面臨收貨、送貨、交通與倉儲等環節,但這些步驟卻會耗費大量的時間與人力成本。現今企業為了改善該問題,則以物流中心轉運概念來取代過去由中間商組成的銷售通路,即供應商會藉由物流中心將貨品直接配送至各個零售商的據點,而運用該策略能達到縮短時間與營運成本、提升整體的績效,以及讓顧客能更快速地收到商品。有鑑於此,在新的銷售通路體系中,物流中心乃是扮演著最重要的角色。所以,如何發展出一種好的策略模式,以降低從進貨到出貨的作業時間與成本,這對於物流中心的運作效率的提升將有非常顯著之影響。
在現今物流作業中越庫作業為物流中心經常使用的策略之一,因此本研究環境採取越庫作業中常見的配銷型越庫(Distributor Cross Docking)為研究環境,而配銷型越庫作業指的是依據客戶需求將來自不同供應商的品項,藉由進貨卡車將品項送至物流中心後,進行分類並放置於不同的暫存區儲存格以利後續作業,接著由理貨人員依照顧客的需求將所需品項收集並合併放置於棧板上,最後則由出貨卡車將這些分配後品項的棧板運送至顧客手中。本研究將會針對此作業型態進貨過程中的進貨、入庫與揀貨等作業進行相關法則探討,預期使整體的作業時間最小。
本研究的目的在針對使用配銷商型越庫(Distributor Cross Docking)之物流中心,在執行越庫作業時針對進貨流程,分別提出相對應的Receiving Door 指派法則、暫存區清除法則以及暫存區指派法則,接著使用此環境之物流中心的進貨端所延伸出的三種決策問題進行探討,並發展出有效的方案,改善物流中心的作業效率。最後藉由模擬的方式得到的數據,比較在此環境下所產生的總系統執行時間及總揀貨時間,哪種因子組合的搭配將會對此作業效率有顯著的提升。
摘要(英) In the traditional logistics model, most the products must be transported through a distribution channel to reach the end consumers. While in transit, we will be faced with the receipt, delivery, transportation and warehousing sectors, etc., but these steps it will spend a lot of time and labor costs. Today enterprises in order to improve this problem, take the concept of transport logistics centers to replace the previous by the brokers of the sales channel, in other words, the vendor through logistics center directly delivered goods to various retailers, the use of this strategy can shorten time and operating costs, improve overall performance, and allow customers to more quickly receive the goods. In view of this, the logistics center plays a vital role in the new sales channels. So, how to develop a good strategy pattern, to reduce the time and cost of operations from purchase to shipping, will have a very significant impact on the operational efficiency of the logistics center upgrade.
Cross Docking is one of today′s logistics operations strategies, and the environment of this study is distributor cross docking. When items from supplier arrive at the distribution center, they are unloaded from the inbound trucks to assigned temporary storage area, and pickers picking item with the order, finally they are loaded into outbound trucks based on their destination. Thus, with cross docking, inventory problems can be solved, and we can eliminate the operation process, such as inbound, storage, tally, and order picking. Finally, it can shorten the time between inbound and outbound.
There are three dicision problems in the distribution center with cross docking. We will propose the assignment rules of receiving door and the eliminate rules of temporary storage area and the assignment rules of temporary storage area. And combine of these three dicision problems. Then use data obtained by the simulation and compare their Total System Time, Total Receiving Distance, and Total Picking Distance. I hope develop the effective programs to improve the operating efficiency of the distribution center with cross docking by this study.
關鍵字(中) ★ 物流中心
★ 越庫作業
★ 品項指派
★ 儲位指派
關鍵字(英) ★ Distribution Center
★ Cross Docking
★ Assignment Rule
★ Order Selection
論文目次 摘要 II
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VIII
表目錄 XI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 1
1.3 研究目的 2
1.4 研究環境 3
1.5 研究方法說明 4
1.6 論文架構 5
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1物流 7
2.1.1 物流之定義 7
2.1.2物流之範圍 9
2.1.3 物流中心之探討 10
2.2 越庫之相關作業 13
2.2.1越庫作業之成功要件 16
2.2.2 越庫作業之類型 17
2.2.3 越庫作業之車輛排程與指派問題 18
2.2.4 其他Cross Docking的相關文獻 21
2.3 揀貨作業 24
2.3.1揀貨作業的方式 25
2.3.2 揀貨作業績效評估 29
2.4 儲位管理 29
2.4.1 儲存策略 29
2.4.2 儲位指派 31
第三章 研究方法 34
3.1 各研究議題之方法整理 34
3.2 越庫作業流程說明 35
3.2.1 進貨作業流程說明 36
3.2.2 理貨作業流程說明 39
3.3 理貨作業相關法則 43
3.3.1訂單選取法則- 「最高訂單品項滿足率」 43
3.3.2 理貨區儲存格分配法則-「與暫存區儲存格之估計總距離(方法一)愈小」,愈優先被指派 45
3.3.3理貨區服務法則-先「尚未完成揀貨棧板數最少」的貨車訂單,然後「理貨旅行距離最短」的訂單棧板 47
3.4 Receiving Door指派法則 49
3.4.1隨機指派法則 49
3.4.2「愈靠近進貨月台之中間點的 Receiving Door,愈會被優先分配」法則 50
3.4.3「離暫存區域中心點愈近之Receiving Door愈優先指派」法則 52
3.4.4「最小總卸貨搬運距離估計值」法則 54
3.5 暫存區儲存格清除法則 56
3.5.1隨機選取法則 56
3.5.2以「品項之剩餘貨車訂單數」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 58
3.5.3以「品項之簡單時段加權剩餘貨車訂單總和值」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 59
3.5.4 以「品項之需求時段數」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 62
3.5.5 以「品項之簡單時段加權需求時段總和值」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 64
3.5.6 以「時間跨度(Span)」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 67
3.5.7以「品項之(剩餘貨車訂單數/Span)比值」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 70
3.5.8以「品項之(簡單時段加權剩餘貨車訂單總和值/Span)比值」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 72
3.5.9以「品項之(需求時段數/Span)比值」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 74
3.5.10以「品項之(簡單時段加權需求時段總和值/Span)比值」為基礎之暫存區品項位置清除法則 76
3.6 暫存區儲存格指派法則 79
3.6.1隨機指派 79
3.6.2「剩餘訂單最多」搭配「中間擴散擺放」法則 80
3.6.3「剩餘訂單最多」搭配「離進貨貨車最近」法則 82
3.6.4「剩餘訂單最少」搭配「兩側向中間擺放」法則 84
3.6.5「時間跨度(Span)最小」搭配「中間擴散擺放」法則 86
3.6.6「時間跨度(Span)最小」搭配「離進貨貨車最近」法則 88
3.6.7「時間跨度(Span)最大」搭配「從兩側向中間擺放」法則 90
3.6.8「品項之簡單時段加權需求時段總和值最大」搭配「中間擴散」法則 92
3.6.9「品項之簡單時段加權需求時段總和值最大」搭配「離進貨貨車最近」法則 95
3.6.10「品項之簡單時段加權需求時段總和值最小」搭配「兩側向中間擺放」法則 97
3.6.11「品項之(需求時段數/Span)比值最大」搭配「中間擴散擺法」法則 99
3.6.12「品項之(需求時段數/Span)比值最大」搭配「離進貨貨車最近」法則 102
3.6.13「品項之(需求時段數/Span)比值最小」搭配「兩側向中間擺放」法則 104
第四章 實驗結果與分析 107
4.1 實驗設計 107
4.1.1實驗環境 107
4.1.2問題說明 108
4.1.3實驗目的 109
4.1.4模擬實驗因子 110
4.1.5績效評估指標 112
4.2 統計分析 112
4.2.1依『總系統執行時間(TST)』為績效評估值 113
4.2.2依『總進貨距離(TRD)』為績效評估值 123
4.2.3依『總理貨距離(TPD)』為績效評估值 133
4.3 實驗結論 142
第五章 結論與後續研究建議 144
5.1研究結論 144
5.2未來研究建議 145
參考文獻 147
中文文獻 147
英文文獻 149
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指導教授 何應欽(Ying-chin-Ho) 審核日期 2015-7-24
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