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姓名 林映彤(Ying-tung Lin)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所
論文名稱 人力精簡對組織績效之影響:以人力資本為中介
(Effect of Employee Downsizing on firm Performance: The Mediating Effect of Human Capital)
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摘要(中) 人力精簡是企業面對經營困境時,經常使用的管理方法之一,其成效如何眾說紛紜。本研究以台灣上市公司為研究對象,探討人力精簡對台灣企業績效的影響,並以人力資本為中介變項,檢視人力資本對企業人力精簡與企業績效是否具中介效果。資料來源為2010 年至2012 年的台灣經濟新報,採用縱橫資料與多元迴歸分析進行假說的檢驗。
研究結果顯示,台灣企業進行人力精簡對績效及人力資本皆有負向影響。人力資本對ROA 有正向影響,然而卻對Tobin’s Q 有負向影響。金融危機後,與研發密集度低的產業相比,研發密集度高的產業,人力精簡對績效有負向影響;而資本密集度低的產業與資本密集度高的產業相比,資本密集度高的產業進行人力精簡對企業績效有負向影響。
本研究的分析結果,可以作為台灣企業執行人力精簡政策時的參考依據。
關鍵字:人力精簡、企業績效、人力資本
摘要(英) While facing difficulties, companies often tend to take downsizing as a business
strategy to improve operating performance. However, according to the findings of
downsizing, the relationship of workforce reduction on firm performance is
controversial. To explore the relationship between downsizing and firm performance,
this research studies all the Taiwan companies, which can be found in Taiwan
Economic Journal. Furthermore, we take human capital as mediating variable to
examine whether the mediating effect of human capital exists. The study focuses on
testing whether the mediating effect of human capital is more obvious after financial
crisis in 2008. We use panel data and multiple regression analysis to test four
hypotheses.
The result of the analysis shows that downsizing in Taiwan have negative effect
on firm performance and human capital. Human capital has positive effect on ROA,
however, it’s negatively related to Tobin’s Q. After the financial crisis, industries with
higher R&D intensity is negatively related to firm performance compare to those with
lower R&D intensity industries. As for capital intensity industries, they also have negative effect on firm performance compare to those with lower capital intensity
firms.
The analysis result of this research can be a reference when companies want to
take downsizing as their human resource policies.
Keywords: employee downsizing, firm performance, human capital
關鍵字(中) ★ 人力精簡
★ 組織績效
★ 人力資本
關鍵字(英) ★ employee downsizing
★ firm performance
★ human capital
論文目次 TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION ................................................................... 1
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW ........................................................... 3
2.1 Employee Downsizing and Firm Performance ..................................... 3
2.2 Employee Downsizing and Human Capital........................................... 5 2.2.1 Human Capital ................................................................................. 5
2.2.2 Effect of Downsizing on Human Capital............................................ 6
2.3 Human Capital and Firm Performance ................................................ 8 2.4 The Mediating Effect of Human Capital............................................... 9 CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY ................................................................ 11 3.1 The Research Framework ................................................................. 11 3.2 The Empirical Model ......................................................................... 12 3.3 Variable Definitions............................................................................ 14 3.4 The Data............................................................................................ 16 CHAPTER 4 RESULTS............................................................................. 18 4.1 Descriptive Statistics......................................................................... 18 4.2 Regression Results ........................................................................... 19 4.2.1 The relationships between employee downsizing and ROA ............ 19 4.2.2 The relationships between employee downsizing and human capital ................................................................................................................ 20
4.2.3 The relationships between human capital and ROA......................... 21
4.2.4 The mediating effect of human capital on employee downsizing and
ROA ........................................................................................................ 22 4.2.5 The relationships between downsizing and Tobin’s Q .................... 23 4.2.6 The relationships between human capital and Tobin’s Q................. 24
4.2.7 The mediating effect of human capital on employee downsizing and
Tobin’s Q ................................................................................................ 25 4.3 Discussion ......................................................................................... 27 CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION...................................................................... 30 5.1 Conclusion ........................................................................................ 30 5.2 Limitation and Directions for Future Research ................................... 31 REFERENCES.......................................................................................... 32

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Research Framework.................................................................11 Figure 2: The Effect of HCROI on ROA.....................................................29 Figure 3: The Effect of HCROI on Tobin’s Q.............................................29

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Descriptive statistics of sample...................................................18 Table 2: The relationships between employee downsizing and ROA.........19 Table 3: The relationships between employee downsizing and human capital.......................................................................................................20
Table 4: The relationships between human capital and ROA.....................21 Table 5: The mediating effect of human capital on employee downsizing and ROA...................................................................................................22
Table 6: The relationships between downsizing and Tobin’s Q.................24 Table 7: The relationships between human capital and Tobin’s Q.............25 Table 8: The mediating effect of human capital on employee downsizing and Tobin’s Q...........................................................................................26
Table 9: The effects of positive/negative HCROI on ROA..........................28 Table 10: The effects of positive/negative HCROI on Tobin’s Q.................28
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指導教授 陳明園(Ming-yuan Chen) 審核日期 2015-7-21
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