博碩士論文 102524017 詳細資訊

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姓名 黃昌勱(Chang-Mai Huang)  查詢紙本館藏   畢業系所 網路學習科技研究所
論文名稱 毒品經驗與遊戲先備知識對客製化與個人化遊戲式反毒宣導系統的影響
(The Effects of Drug Addiction and Prior Game Knowledge on Game-Based Anti-Drug System: Customization vs. Personalization)
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★ 探討認知風格在遊戲式學習中對於客製化與個人化系統的影響★ 探討認知風格在行動學習中對於客製化與個人化系統的影響
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★ 發展動畫電子書之研究:從性別差異到性別均等之歷程★ 探討認知風格於數位遊戲式英語學習環境對遊戲行為與學習成效之影響
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摘要(中) 近年來,毒品氾濫造成嚴重的社會問題。為了提升人民的反毒意識,政府透過許多管道宣導反毒訊息。然而,過去的研究指出這些管道存在許多限制。因此,本研究結合遊戲式學習(Game-based Learning)與反毒教材(Anti-drug Materials),發展遊戲式反毒宣導系統。然而,先前的研究指出遊戲式學習也存在一些問題,例如可能會增加學習者學習時的認知負荷,並且因為學習者擁有不同的背景與經驗,因此並非所有學習者都可以克服這些問題。為此,有必要發展個別化的遊戲式反毒宣導系統。建立個別化的方式包括客製化(Customization)與個人化(Personalization)兩種,並且此兩種方式具有不同的特點,可能適合不同學習者的特質。在學習者的特質中,毒品經驗與遊戲先備知識扮演相當重要的角色。為此,本研究進行了兩個實證研究,在實驗一中,本研究建立了一個客製化遊戲式反毒宣導系統探討毒品經驗與遊戲先備知識如何影響學習者對此系統的反應。實驗一的結果指出,無毒癮者比有毒癮者展現更好的學習與遊戲成效。並且在遊戲過程中,無毒癮者專注在完成遊戲任務而有毒癮者專注在學習反毒教材。另一方面,高遊戲先備知識者有較好的遊戲成效但他們認為遊戲過於簡單,而低遊戲先備知識者在遊戲過程中頻繁地進行遊戲任務,並且他們需要透過影片來具體地呈現遊戲提示。

摘要(英) The spread of drugs causes serious problems recently. To enhance people awareness of drugs’ harm, several approaches were adopted to deliver anti-drug materials. However, limitations were observed in these approaches. Thus, this research develops a game-based anti-drug system (GADS), which incorporates anti-drug materials into game-based learning.

However, previous research indicated that game-based learning may cause some problems, such as the increase of learners’ cognitive overload. Nevertheless, not all of learners can overcome these problems because learners have diverse characteristics. Thus, two approaches, i.e., customization and personalization, can be applied to accommodate students’ individual differences, especially drug addiction and prior game knowledge. However, such two approaches have different advantages and disadvantages. Thus, there is a need to compare the effectiveness of these two approaches.

In order to get a complete understanding of whether the customized and personalized GADS are suitable to learners with different levels of drug addiction and prior game knowledge, two empirical studies were conducted. In Study One, a customized game-based anti-drug system (CGADS) is developed and drug experience and prior game knowledge were considered as a target to investigate learners’ reactions to the CGADS. The results indicated that non-addictive learners had better game performance and learning performance than addictive learners Moreover, non-addictive learners focused on playing digital games while addictive learners focused on learning anti-drug materials during the gaming process. On the other hand, learners with high prior game knowledge showed better game performance and they thought that the CGADS was too simple while learners with low prior game knowledge frequently completed the game quests and they did not favor the game hints provided by the CGADS.

Based on such different preferences, a personalized game-based anti-drug system (PGADS) was developed to further examine how drug addiction and prior game knowledge affected learners’ reactions to the CGBLS and PGBLS differently in Study Two. The results showed that learners with the PGADS had better learning performance and perceptions than those with the CGADS. Moreover, learners with the PGADS learned the anti-drug materials completely. Based on the results of each study, a framework is produced. This framework can be applied to support researchers, learners and designers to promote the effectiveness of game-based anti-drug systems.
關鍵字(中) ★ 毒品經驗
★ 遊戲先備知識
★ 遊戲式反毒宣導系統
★ 客製化
★ 個人化
關鍵字(英) ★ drug addiction
★ prior game knowledge
★ game-based anti-drug system
★ customization
★ personalization
論文目次 摘要 i
Abstract iii
Table of Contents v
List of Figures viii
List of Tables ix
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Chapter Outline 4
1.3 Summary 5
Chapter 2 Literature Review 7
2.1 Anti-drug Materials Dissemination 7
2.2 Game-based Learning 8
2.3 Personalization vs. Customization 12
2.4 Summary 14
Chapter 3 Methodology Design 15
3.1 Introduction 15
3.2 Objectives 16
3.3 Research Design 16
3.4 Research Instruments 19
3.4.1 Game-based Anti-drug System 19
3.4.2 Pre-test/Post-test 25
3.4.3 Questionnaire 25
3.5 Data Analyses 26
3.6 Summary 27
Chapter 4 Study One: Customization 28
4.1 Participants 28
4.2 The Customized Game-based Anti-drug System 28
4.3 Experimental Procedures 30
4.4 Data Analyses 30
4.5 Results 32
4.5.1. Quantitative Measurement 32 Drug Addiction 32 Prior Game Knowledge 38
4.5.2. Qualitative Evaluation 44 Drug Addiction 44 Prior Game Knowledge 45
4.6 Discussion 47
4.7 Summary 49
Chapter 5 Study Two: Customization vs. Personalization 50
5.1 Development of the Personalized Game-based Anti-drug System 50
5.1.1 Drug Addiction 50
5.1.2 Prior Game Knowledge 52
5.2 Empirical Study 57
5.2.1 Participants 57
5.2.2 Experimental Procedures 57
5.2.3 Data Analyses 58
5.3 Results and Discussions 60
5.3.1 Quantitative Measurement 60 Overall 60 Drug Addiction 64 Prior Game Knowledge 73
5.3.2 Qualitative Assessment 82 Drug Addiction 82 Prior Game Knowledge 84
5.4 Summary 85
Chapter 6 Conclusions 87
6.1 Main Conclusions 87
6.2 Contributions 96
6.3 Limitations and Future work 98
References 100
Appendix: Pre-test 107
Appendix: Post-test 113
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指導教授 陳攸華(Sherry Y. Chen) 審核日期 2015-7-29
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